Queens

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Queens
—  Borough of New York City  —
Queens County
Letak Queens ditandai warna oranye. Bandara terdekat juga telretak di Queens.
Koordinat: 40°42′15″LU 73°55′4″BT / 40,70417°LU 73,91778°BB / 40.70417; -73.91778Koordinat: 40°42′15″LU 73°55′4″BT / 40,70417°LU 73,91778°BB / 40.70417; -73.91778
Negara Amerika Serikat
Negara Bagian New York
County Queens
Kota New York City
Dihuni 1683
Pemerintahan
 • Jenis Borough (New York City)
 • Presiden Borough Helen Marshall (D)
 • Jaksa Distrik Richard Brown
Luas
 • Total 178,28 mil² (46,170 km2)
 • Daratan 109,24 mil² (28,290 km2)
 • Perairan 69,04 mil² (17,880 km2)
Populasi
 • Total 2.306.712
 • Kepadatan 21.116/sq mi (8,153/km2)
Awalan Kode ZIP 110--, 111--, 113--, 114--, 116--
Kode wilayah 718, 347
Situs web Situs Web Resmi Presiden Borough Queens

Queens adalah borough terbesar menurut luas, terbesar kedua menurut jumlah penduduk, dan borough paling timur dari lima borough di New York City. Borough ini berdiri bersama dengan Queens County, sebuah pembagian administratif negara bagian New York di Amerika Serikat.

Terletak di daerah barat Long Island, Queens adalah tempat bagi dua dari tiga bandara terbesar di New York City, Bandar Udara Internasional JFK dan Bandar Udara LaGuardia. Tempat ini juga menjadi basis tim bisbol New York Mets, turnamen tenis US Open, Flushing Meadows Park, Kaufman Astoria Studios, Silvercup Studios, dan Aqueduct Racetrack.

Pada 2005, American Community Survey menghitung jumlah imigran mencakup 47.6% dari seluruh penduduk Queens.[1] Dengan populasi 2.3 juta jiwa, Queens adalah borough terpadat kedua di New York City (setelah Brooklyn) dan county terpadat kesepuluh di Amerika Serikat. Borough ini juga merupakan county terpadat keempat di negara ini (setelah Manhattan, Brooklyn dan the Bronx).[2] Jumlah 2.3 juta jiwa ini adalah populasi bersejarah tertinggi untuk boroughg ini.[3] Karena masing-masing borough merupakan sebuah kota independen, Brooklyn dan Queens menjadi kota terbesar ketiga dan keempat di Amerika Serikat secara berturut-turut setelah Los Angeles dan Chicago.

Ringkasan Lima Borough New York
Yursidiksi Populasi Luas Daratan
Borough County perkiraan
1 April 2010
mil
persegi
km
persegi
Manhattan New York 1.585.873 23 59
the Bronx Bronx 1.385.108 42 109
Brooklyn Kings 2.504.700 71 183
Queens Queens 2.230.722 109 283
Staten Island Richmond 468.730 58 151
8.175.133 303 786
19.378.102 47.214 122.284
Sumber: Biro Sensus Amerika Serikat[4][2][5]

Queens didirikan tahun 1683 sebagai satu dari 12 county asli New York dan diberi nama sesuai permaisuri Catherine dari Braganza (1638-1705), putri Portugis yang menikahi Raja Charles II dari Inggris pada 1662.[6][7]

Borough ini dianggap sebagai salah satu borough pinggiran kota New York City. Permukiman di timur Queens memiliki suasana yang sama seperti pinggiran kota yang berbatasan dengannya di barat Nassau County. Di daerah baratlaut, Queens menjadi rumah bagi berbagai permukiman kota dan beberapa distrik bisnis pusat. Long Island City, di pesisir Queens di seberang Manhattan, adalah tempat bagi Citicorp Building, pencakar langit tertinggi di New York City di luar Manhattan, dan bangunan tertinggi di Long Island.

Tokoh terkenal[sunting | sunting sumber]

Lihat pula[sunting | sunting sumber]

Catatan kaki[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ 2005 American Community Survey Fact Sheet for Queens County, New York, United States Census Bureau, accessed February 24, 2007.
  2. ^ a b County and City Data Book:2007 Table B-1, Area and Population, retrieved on July 12, 2008. New York County (Manhattan) adalah county terpadat di AS, diikuti oleh Kings County (Brooklyn), Bronx County, Queens County dan San Francisco, California.
  3. ^ Campbell Gibson, "Population of the 100 largest cities and other urban places in the United States: 1790 to 1990", Population Division Working Paper no. 27, United States Census Bureau, Washington, D.C., 1998
  4. ^ Biro Sensus AS, Population Division, Table 5. Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Minor Civil Divisions in New York, Listed Alphabetically Within County: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2009 (SUB-EST2009-05-36) and Table 1. Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places Over 100,000, Ranked by July 1, 2009 Population: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2009 (SUB-EST2009-01), Release Date: June 2010, retrieved on July 31, 2010
  5. ^ American Fact Finder (U.S. Census Bureau): New York by County - Table GCT-PH1. Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2000 Data Set: Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data, diakses pada 9 Februari 2009
  6. ^ Queens Almanac
  7. ^ NY.com
  8. ^ Ojito, Mirta. "CAMPAIGNING FOR CITY HALL: THE BATTLEGROUND; Gauging the Vote of the Satisfied", The New York Times, September 8, 2001. Accessed November 11, 2007.
  9. ^ Silverman, Stephen M. "Punk Rock Legend Johnny Ramone Dies at 55", People (magazine), September 16, 2004. Accessed June 2, 2009. "Johnny Ramone, 55, was born John Cummings and grew up in Forest Hills, N.Y., soaking up rock in the '60s but then moving to an edgier sound."
  10. ^ Litsky, Frank. "Basketball: N.I.T.; Minnesota Will Meet Penn State for the Title", The New York Times, March 25, 1998. Accessed October 18, 2007. "Rafer Alston, the junior point guard from South Jamaica, Queens, explained it this way..."
  11. ^ Williams, Lena. "Track and Field; Soothing an Old Ache", The New York Times, January 1, 2000. Accessed November 7, 2007. "Neither the outpouring of affection from an adoring public nor the love he finally found after four failed marriages could make up for the neglect and physical abuse he suffered as a child growing up in South Jamaica, Queens."
  12. ^ 50 Cent "Biography for 50 Cent" Accessed June 29, 2010. "Born in the South Jamaica section of Queens, Curtis "50 Cent" Jackson has lived in New York City all his life."
  13. ^ Nadia Ali Nadia Ali's Biography Accessed July 7, 2010. "Nadia Ali was born in the Mediterranean and grew up in Queens, New York City."
  14. ^ Ogunnaike, Lola. "The Perks and Pitfalls Of a Ruthless-Killer Role; Lucy Liu Boosts the Body Count in New Film", The New York Times, October 13, 2003. Accessed October 25, 2007. "Born in Jackson Heights, Queens, Ms. Liu, the daughter of working-class Chinese immigrants, recalled many an afternoon spent parked in front of a television set."
  15. ^ Ciccone, Christopher; and Leigh, Wendy. "Life with My Sister Madonna", p. 56.
  16. ^ 'Dapper Don' John Gotti dead: Brought down by the Bull, CNN.com, June 11, 2002.
  17. ^ "Brody's friend's parents proud", CNN.com, March 25, 2003. Accessed May 17, 2007. "Brody, who grew up in Woodhaven, and Zarobinski, a native of Rego Park, attended the Fiorello H. LaGuardia High School for Performing Arts together, where Brody studied acting and Zarobinski studied drawing."
  18. ^ "1855: Union Course Tavern, Oldest Bar in Queens, Opens", Newsday. Accessed May 17, 2007. "There is a painting of Mae West, who lived in Woodhaven and performed at the tavern, on the door."

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

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