Pesawat terbang berbadan sempit

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Pesawat terbang berbadan sempit (juga dikenal sebagai pesawat lorong tunggal) adalah sebuah pesawat dengan lebar kabin pesawat biasanya 3 sampai 4 meter (10 sampai 13 kaki), dan kursi penerbangan diatur 2 sampai 6 mengikuti sepanjang lorong tunggal. Pesawat berbadan sempit tidak diizinkan penerbangan transatlantik atau benua yang umumnya dikenal sebagai pesawat regional.

Sebaliknya, pesawat berbadan lebar adalah sebuah pesawat yang lebih besar dan biasanya dikonfigurasi dengan kelas perjalanan berganda dengan diameter pesawat dari 5 sampai 7 meter (16 sampai 20 kaki) dan gang kembar. Penumpang biasanya duduk 7 sampai 10 sejajar. Sebagai perbandingan, pesawat berbadan lebar yang khas dapat menampung antara 200 dan 600 penumpang, sedangkan pesawat terbesar berbadan sempit (Boeing 757-300) membawa maksimal 289.

Daftar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Kabin enam-sejajar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Jenis Asal Negara Produksi Lebar Badan Lebar Kabin Kursi Maksimum Mesin seat
width[a]
Hawker Siddeley Trident[b] UK 1962–1978 344 cm (135 in)[2] 180 3 turbofan[c]
Bristol Britannia UK 1952–1960 366 cm (144 in)[3] 350 cm (139 in)[4] 139 4×turboprop
Douglas DC-8[5] US 1958–1972 373 cm (147 in) 3.512 cm (1.383 in) 269 4×turbojet/fan
Ilyushin Il-62[6] USSR/RU 1963–1995 375 cm (148 in) 349 cm (137 in) 186 4×turbofan
Vickers VC10[7] UK 1962–1970 375 cm (148 in) 351 cm (138 in)[8] 151 4×turbofan
Boeing 707/Boeing 720[9] US 1958–1979 376 cm (148 in) 354 cm (139 in) 219 4×turbojet/fan 17"
Boeing 737[10] US 1966–sekarang 220 2×turbofan 17"
Boeing 757[11] US 1981–2004 295 2×turbofan 17"
Boeing 727[12] US 1963–1984 356 cm (140 in) 189 3×turbofan 16.9"
Tupolev Tu-154[13] USSR/Russia 1968–2013 380 cm (150 in) 358 cm (141 in) 180 3×turbofan
Tupolev Tu-204[14] Russia 1990–sekarang[d] 357 cm (141 in) 215 2×turbofan
Tupolev Tu-334 Russia 1999–2009 102 2×turbofan
Yakovlev Yak-42 USSR/Russia 1977–2003 360 cm (142 in) 120 3×turbofan
Dassault Mercure France 1971–1975 366 cm (144 in)[15] 162 2×turbofan
Airbus A320 family[16] Multi 1986–sekarang 395 cm (156 in) 370 cm (146 in) 244 2×turbofan 18"[17]
Comac C919 China 2016–sekarang 396 cm (156 in)[18] 390 cm (154 in)[19] 174 2×turbofan
Irkut MC-21[20] Russia 2017–sekarang 406 cm (160 in) 381 cm (150 in) 230 2×turbofan
Tupolev Tu-114[e] USSR 1958–1963 420 cm (165 in) 406 cm (160 in)[8] 220 4×turboprop

Kabin lima-sejajar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Jenis Asal Negara Produksi Lebar Badan Lebar Kabin Kursi Maksimum Mesin Seat
width
de Havilland Comet UK 1949–1964 292 cm (115 in)[22] 81 4×turbojet
Douglas DC-4/DC-6/DC-7 US 1942–1958 3.010 cm (1.185 in)[23] 95 4×piston engine
Sud Aviation Caravelle France 1958–1972 3.010 cm (1.185 in)[24] 80 2×turbojet
Vickers Viscount UK 1948–1963 305 cm (120 in)[25] 75 4×turboprop
Fokker F28/Fokker 70/Fokker 100 Netherlands 1967–1997 330 cm (130 in) 310 cm (122 in)[26] 122 2×turbofan
Tupolev Tu-144[27] USSR 1963–1983 330 cm (130 in)[f][28] 140 4×turbojet
McDonnell Douglas DC-9/MD-80/MD-90/Boeing 717[29] US 1965–2006 334.3 cm (131.6 in) 311.2 cm (122.5 in) 172 2×turbofan 17.9"
Antonov An-148/An-158 Ukraine 2002–sekarang 335 cm (132 in) 313 cm (123 in)[30] 99 2×turbofan
Comac ARJ21[31] China 2007–sekarang 336 cm (132 in) 3.143 cm (1.237 in) 105 2×turbofan
Boeing 377 Stratocruiser US 1947–1963 335 cm (132 in)[32] 315 cm (124 in)[33] 114 4×piston engine
Ilyushin Il-18 USSR 1957–1985 351 cm (138 in)[34] 315 cm (124 in)[8] 120 4×turboprop
BAC One-Eleven UK 1963–1989 315 cm (124 in)[26] 119 2×turbofan
Sukhoi Superjet 100 Russia 2007–sekarang 345 cm (136 in)[35]:451 3.236 cm (1.274 in)[36] 108 2×turbofan
Convair 880 US 1959–1962 325 cm (128 in)[8] 110 4×turbojet
Convair 990 US 1961–1963 325 cm (128 in)[8] 149 4×turbofan
Lockheed L-188 Electra US 1957–1961 325 cm (128 in)[8] 98 4×turboprop
Lockheed Constellation US 1943–1958 328 cm (129 in)[37] 109 4×piston engine
Airbus A220 Canada/Multi 2012–sekarang 350 cm (138 in)[38] 328 cm (129 in) 160 2×turbofan 18.6"
British Aerospace 146[39][g] UK 1987–2001 350 cm (138 in) 324 cm (128 in) 112 4×turbofan

Kabin empat-sejajar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Jenis Asal Negara Produksi Lebar Badan Lebar Kabin Kursi Maksimum Mesin Seat
width
Yakovlev Yak-40 USSR 1966–1981 240 cm (94 in) 215 cm (85 in) 40 3×turbofan
Douglas DC-3[42] US 1936–1942, 1950 250 cm (98 in) 27 2×piston engine
De Havilland Dash 8[43] Canada 1983–sekarang 269 cm (106 in) 251 cm (99 in) 90 2×turboprop 17.3"
Fokker 27/Fokker 50 Netherlands 1987–1997 254 cm (100 in)[26] 58 2×turboprop
Bombardier CRJ[44] Canada 1991–2020 2.695 cm (1.061 in) 2.553 cm (1.005 in) 104 2×turbofan 17.3"
ATR 42/ATR 72[45] France/Italy 1984–sekarang 280 cm (110 in) 257 cm (101 in) 78 2×turboprop 18"
Concorde France/UK 1965–1979 262 cm (103 in)[26] 128 4×turbojet
Convair CV-240 US 1947–1954 2.705 cm (1.065 in)[33] 40 2×piston engine
Tu-104/Tu-124/Tu-134[46] USSR 1956–1984 290 cm (114 in) 271 cm (107 in)[47] 56-84 2×jets
Embraer E-Jet/E-Jet E2[48] Brazil 2001-sekarang 301 cm (119 in) 274 cm (108 in) 146 2×turbofan 18"
Mitsubishi Regional Jet[49] Japan 2017–sekarang 276 cm (109 in) 92 2×turbofan 18.5"
Antonov An-24 USSR 1959–1979 277 cm (109 in)[26] 50 2×turboprop

Kabin dua-sejajar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Jenis Asal Negara Produksi Lebar Badan Lebar Kabin Kursi Maksimum Mesin Seat
width
de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter[50] Canada 1965–1988, 2008–sekarang 175 cm (69 in) 161 cm (63,3 in) 19 2×turboprop
BAe Jetstream 31/41 UK 1982–1997 185 cm (73 in)[51] 30 2×turboprop
Short 360 UK 1981–1991 193 cm (76 in)[52] 36 2×turboprop
Embraer EMB 120[53] Brazil 1983–2001 228 cm (90 in) 210 cm (83 in) 30 2×turboprop 17.3"
Embraer ERJ 145 family[54] Brazil 1989–2020 228 cm (90 in) 210 cm (83 in) 50 2×turbofan 17.3"
Saab 340/Saab 2000[55] Sweden 1983–1999 231 cm (91 in) 216 cm (85 in) 50 2×turboprop 18.1"
Dornier 328 Germany 1991–2000 217.2 cm (85.5 in)[56] 32 2×turboprop 18.1"

Two-abreast cabin[sunting | sunting sumber]

Jenis Asal Negara Produksi Lebar Badan Lebar e Kursi Maksimum Mesin
Beechcraft 1900 US 1982–2002 1.37m 19 2×turboprop
Beechcraft Model 99 US 1968–1986 15 2×turboprop
Britten-Norman Islander UK 1965–sekarang 9 2×piston engine
Britten-Norman Trislander UK 1970–1982 16 3×piston engine
de Havilland Dove UK 1946–1947 8–11 2×piston engine
de Havilland Heron UK 1950–1963 14–17 4×piston engine
Dornier 228 Germany 1981–1998, 2009–sekarang 19 2×turboprop
Embraer EMB 110 Bandeirante Brazil 1968–1990 19 2×turboprop
Evektor EV-55 Outback Czech Republic 2011–sekarang 9–14 2×turboprop
Fairchild Swearingen Metroliner US 1968–2001 19 2×turboprop
GAF Nomad Australia 1975–1985 12–16 2×turboprop

Lihat juga[sunting | sunting sumber]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

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