Gerakan Bintang Lima

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Gerakan Bintang Lima
Movimento 5 Stelle
Penjamin Beppe Grillo[1][2]
Pemimpin Luigi Di Maio[3]
Pendiri Beppe Grillo
Gianroberto Casaleggio
Didirikan 4 Oktober 2009
Kantor pusat Via Nomentana 257, Roma, Italia
Surat kabar ilblogdellestelle.it
Anggota  (2016) 135.023[4]
Ideologi Populisme[5][6]
Anti kemapanan[7]
Demokrasi langsung[8]
Demokrasi virtual[9]
Pelestarian lingkungan hidup[10]
Euroskeptisisme[11]
Posisi politik Tenda besar[12]
Afiliasi nasional Pemerintahan Perubahan
Afiliasi internasional Tidak ada
Afiliasi Eropa Tidak ada
Kelompok Parlemen Eropa Kebebasan dan Demokrasi Langsung Eropa
Warna resmi      Kuning      Putih
Dewan Perwakilan
222 / 630
Senat
109 / 315
Parlemen Eropa
14 / 73
Presiden Regional
0 / 20
Dewan Regional
113 / 897
Situs web
www.movimento5stelle.it

Gerakan Bintang Lima (bahasa Italia: Movimento 5 Stelle [moviˈmento ˈtʃiŋkwe ˈstelle], M5S) adalah sebuah partai politik populis[13][14] di Italia.

M5S dimulai pada 4 Oktober 2009 oleh Beppe Grillo, seorang komedian dan narablog populer, dan Gianroberto Casaleggio, seorang pakar strategi web.[15] Setelah kematian Casaleggio pada April 2016, Grillo menetapkan sebuah Dirktorat yang terdiri dari lima anggota parlemen terkemuka (Alessandro Di Battista, Luigi Di Maio, Roberto Fico, Carla Ruocco, Carlo Sibilia),[16] yang berlangsung hingga Oktober berikutnya, ketika Grillo membubarkannya dan memproklamasikan dirinya sebagai "kepala politik".[17] Grillo juga secara resmi merupakan presiden dari asosiasi bernama "Gerakan Bintang Lima", dengan keponakannya Enrico Grillo sebagai wakil presiden dan akuntannya Enrico Maria Nadasi sebagai sekretaris.[1] Davide Casaleggio, putra dari Gianroberto, memiliki peran yang semakin penting, meskipun tidak resmi.[18][19][20]

M5S secara beragam dianggap populis,[13][14] anti kemapanan,[14][21] pelestari lingkungan hidup,[22][23] alter-globalis,[24] dan Euroskeptis.[25]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ a b Andrea Bassi (12 March 2013). "M5s, ecco lo statuto del Movimento 5 stelle. L'atto costitutivo firmato a Cogoleto da Beppe Grillo, il nipote Enrico Grillo e il commercialista. Non compare il nome di Casaleggio". The Huffington Post. 
  2. ^ "M5S: Di Maio, Grillo sempre con noi, garante e risorsa - Politica". 12 January 2018. 
  3. ^ "M5S, arriva la nuova associazione: Di Maio è capo politico e tesoriere". 
  4. ^ "Risultati delle votazioni sul Non Statuto e il Regolamento del MoVimento 5 Stelle". beppegrillo.it. 28 October 2016. 
  5. ^ http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-44066711
  6. ^ Populist Five Star Movement wins largest share of vote in Italian election, exit poll indicates
  7. ^ Italy anti-establishment parties make big gains in election
  8. ^ A top leader of Italy’s Five Star Movement: Why we won
  9. ^ Can Beppe Grillo's internet democracy work?
  10. ^ On Energy, Italy's Five Star Movement Could Rock The Boat
  11. ^ Eurosceptic Italy in race to form majority government
  12. ^ https://www.ft.com/content/553bcf9a-d326-11e6-b06b-680c49b4b4c0
  13. ^ a b
  14. ^ a b c Donatella M. Viola (2015). "Italy". Dalam Donatella M. Viola. Routledge Handbook of European Elections. Routledge. hlm. 113. ISBN 978-1-317-50363-7. 
  15. ^ "NOTIZIE IN DUE MINUTI". Corriere della Sera. 5 October 2009. hlm. 64. Diakses tanggal 27 May 2012. 
  16. ^ This party structure had no official name, but was quickly nicknamed Direttorio ("Directorate") by the Italian press. ANSA (28 novembre 2014). M5S supporters give thumbs up to Grillo directorate; ANSA (28 novembre 2014). Grillo è 'stanchino', nomina direttorio. Partito insorge.
  17. ^ "Svolta di Grillo: "Sono il capo politico"". 
  18. ^ Di martedì 19 aprile 2016 (19 April 2016). "Chi comanda ora nel Movimento 5 Stelle? | Il ruolo di Davide Casaleggio". Polisblog.it. Diakses tanggal 2017-04-18. 
  19. ^ Altri articoli dalla categoria » (21 September 2016). "M5s, la prima volta di Davide Casaleggio". Repubblica.it. Diakses tanggal 2017-04-18. 
  20. ^ "Il nuovo regolamento M5S e il ruolo di Davide Casaleggio nelle espulsioni - neXt Quotidiano". Nextquotidiano.it. 26 September 2016. Diakses tanggal 2017-04-18. 
  21. ^
  22. ^ Nordsieck, Wolfram (2018). "Italy". Parties and Elections in Europe. 
  23. ^ John Hooper in Rome. "Parliamentary gridlock in Italy as Five Star Movement refuses to make deal". The Guardian. Diakses tanggal 2015-05-14. 
  24. ^ Davide Torsello (2013). The New Environmentalism?: Civil Society and Corruption in the Enlarged EU. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. hlm. 130. ISBN 978-1-4094-9511-6. 
  25. ^

Bacaan lebih lanjut[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Bigi Alessandro, Bonera Michelle, Bal Anjali (2015) Evaluating political party positioning over time: a proposed methodology. Journal of Public affairs, DOI: 10.1002
  • De Rosa, Rosanna (2013). Voice of the People or Cybercratic Centralism? The Italian case of Beppe Grillo and Movimento Cinque Stelle. Edition Donau-Universität Krems. hlm. 89–102. 
  • Lanzone, Maria Elisabetta (2014). The "Post-Modern" Populism in Italy: The Case of the Five Star Movement. Emerald Group. hlm. 53–78. 
  • Musiani, Francesca (2014). Avant-garde: Digital Movement or "Digital Sublime" Rhetoric? The Movimento 5 Stelle and the 2013 Italian Parliamentary Elections. Springer. hlm. 127–140. 
  • Sæbø, Øystein; Braccini, Alession Maria; Federici, Tommaso (2015). From the Blogosphere into Real Politics: The Use of ICT by the Five Star Movement. Springer. hlm. 241–250. 
  • Tronconi, Filippo (2015). Beppe Grillo's Five Star Movement. Organisation, Communication and Ideology. Ashgate. ISBN 978-1-4724-3663-4. 

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]