Distrik di Israel

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Pembagian distrik di Israel

Ada 6 distrik utama di Israel, dikenal dalam bahasa Ibrani sebagai mehozot (jamak: mehoz) dan 13 sub-distrik yang dikenal sebagai nafot (jamak: nafa).

Distrik Yerusalem[sunting | sunting sumber]

Peta pembagian distrik di Israel

Distrik Yerusalem (Mehoz Yerushalayim).

Ibu kota distrik: Yerusalem

Distrik Utara[sunting | sunting sumber]

Distrik Utara (Mehoz HaTzafon).

Ibu kota distrik: Nazareth

Distrik Haifa[sunting | sunting sumber]

Distrik Haifa (Mehoz Hefa).

Ibu kota distrik: Haifa

Distrik Tengah[sunting | sunting sumber]

Distrik Tengah (Mehoz HaMerkaz).

Ibu kota distrik: Ramla

Distrik Tel Aviv[sunting | sunting sumber]

Distrik Tel Aviv (Mehoz Tel-Aviv).

Ibu kota distrik: Tel Aviv

Distrik Selatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Distrik Selatan (Mehoz HaDarom).

Ibu kota distrik: Beersheba


Districts of Israel
מְחוֹזוֹת יִשְׂרָאֵל (Hebrew)
محافظات إسرائيل (Arabic)
Templat:Israel Labelled Map
KategoriUnitary State
LetakState of Israel
Jumlah wilayah6 Districts
Penduduk966,700 (Haifa) – 2,024,500 (Central District) 1,350,000 (Tel Aviv District)
Luas190 km2 (72 sq mi) (Tel Aviv) – 14190 km2 (5477 sq mi) (Southern District)
PemerintahanDistrict government
Pembagian administratifCity council, Local council, Regional council
Population density by geographic region, sub-district and district (thicker border indicates higher tier).

There are six main administrative districts of Israel, known in Hebrew as mehozot (מְחוֹזוֹת; singular: mahoz מָחוֹז) and Arabic as mintaqah and fifteen sub-districts (also referred to as counties) known as nafot (נָפוֹת; singular: nafa נָפָה). Each sub-district is further divided into cities, municipalities, and regional councils it contains.

The figures in this article are based on numbers from the Israeli Central Bureau of Statistics and so include all places under Israeli civilian rule including those Israeli-occupied territories where this is the case. Therefore, the Golan sub-district and its four natural regions are included in the number of sub-districts and natural regions even though it is not recognized by the United Nations or the international community as Israeli territory. Similarly, the population figure below for the Jerusalem District was calculated including East Jerusalem whose annexation by Israel is similarly not recognized by the United Nations and the international community. The Judea and Samaria Area, however, is not included in the number of districts and sub-districts as Israel has not applied its civilian jurisdiction in that part of the West Bank.

Jerusalem District[sunting | sunting sumber]

Jerusalem District (Ibrani: מְחוֹז יְרוּשָׁלַיִם, Mahoz Yerushalayim)

Population (EoY 2016): 1,083,300[1]
Area: 653 km2[2]

District capital: Jerusalem.a[›]

Northern District[sunting | sunting sumber]

Northern District (Ibrani: מְחוֹז הַצָּפוּן, Mahoz HaTzafon)

Population (EoY 2016): 1,401,300[1]
Area: 4,473 km2[2]

District capital: Nazareth

  • Tzfat (sub-district) – population: 116,000
  • Kinneret (sub-district) – population: 114,000
  • Yizre'el (sub-district) – population: 498,100
  • Akko (sub-district) – population: 624,300
  • Golan (sub-district)b[›] – population: 48,800

Haifa District[sunting | sunting sumber]

Haifa District (Ibrani: מְחוֹז חֵיפָה, Mahoz Heifa)

Population (EoY 2016): 996,300[1]
Area: 866 km2[2]

District capital: Haifa

  • Haifa (sub-district) – population: 571,100
  • Hadera (sub-district) – population: 424,100

Central District[sunting | sunting sumber]

Central District (מְחוֹז הַמֶּרְכָּז, Mahoz HaMerkaz)

Population (EoY 2016): 2,115,800[1]
Area: 1,294 km2[2]

District capital: Ramla

  • Sharon (sub-district) – population: 464,500
  • Petah Tikva (sub-district) – population: 719,300
  • Ramla (sub-district) – population: 338,800
  • Rehovot (sub-district) – population: 593,300

Tel Aviv District[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tel Aviv District (Ibrani: מְחוֹז תֵּל־אָבִיב, Mahoz Tel Aviv)

Population (EoY 2016): 1,388,400[1]
Area: 172 km2[2]

District capital: Tel Aviv

Distrik Selatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Southern District (Ibrani: מְחוֹז הַדָּרוֹם, Mahoz HaDarom)

Population (EoY 2016): 1,244,200[1]
Area: 14,185 km2[2]

District Capital: Beersheba

  • Ashkelon (sub district) – population: 532,000
  • Be'er Sheva (sub-district) – population: 712,200

Formerly Hof Aza Regional Council with a population of around 10,000 Israelis was part of this district, but the Israeli communities that constituted it were evacuated when the disengagement plan was implemented in the Gaza Strip. Currently only the Coordination and Liaison Administration operates there.

Wilayah Yudea dan Samaria[sunting | sunting sumber]

Wilayah Yudea dan Samaria (Ibrani: אֵזוֹר יְהוּדָה וְשׁוֹמְרוֹןTemplat:Popdf, Ezor Yehuda VeShomron)

Penduduk Yahudi (EoY 2018): 418.600
Penduduk Arab/Badui: 40,000. (tidak termasuk Area A dan B).

Kota terbesar: Modi'in Illit

Nama Yudea dan Samaria untuk wilayah geografis ini didasarkan pada terminologi dari bahasa Ibrani dan sumber-sumber lain yang berkaitan dengan Israel kuno dan Yehuda/Yudea. Wilayah tersebut telah berada di bawah kendali Israel sejak Perang Enam Hari 1967 tetapi tidak dianeksasi oleh Israel, sambil menunggu negosiasi mengenai statusnya. Wilayah ini adalah bagian dari Israel yang bersejarah, yang mengarah ke masalah yang secara politis kontroversial. Namun, Wilayah ini tidak diakui sebagai bagian dari Negara Israel oleh PBB dan sebagian besar negara di dunia.

lihat juga[sunting | sunting sumber]

catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Localities and Population, by District, Sub-District, Religion and Population Group" (PDF). Biro Pusat Statistik Israel. 2018. hlm. 2. Diakses tanggal 31 Oktober 2019. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Statistical Abstract – Geography (PDF) (Laporan) (dalam bahasa Ibrani). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2016. hlm. 15 (PDF p. 9). Diakses tanggal December 24, 2017. 

External links[sunting | sunting sumber]

Templat:Districts of Israel Templat:Israeli administrative jurisdictions Templat:Articles on first-level administrative divisions of Asian countries Templat:Articles on second-level administrative divisions of Asian countries