Curtis LeMay

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Curtis LeMay
Curtis LeMay (USAF).jpg
Nama lahirCurtis Emerson LeMay
Julukan"Old Iron Pants", "The Demon", "Bombs Away" LeMay,
the "Big Cigar"[1]
Lahir(1906-11-15)15 November 1906
Columbus, Ohio
Meninggal1 Oktober 1990(1990-10-01) (umur 83)
Pangkalan Angkatan Udara March, California
DikebumikanPemakaman Akademi Angkatan Udara Amerika Serikat
Colorado Springs, Colorado
Pengabdian Amerika Serikat
Dinas/cabangSeal of the United States Department of the Air Force.svg Angkatan Udara Amerika Serikat
US Army Air Corps Hap Arnold Wings.svg Pasukan Udara Tentara Amerika Serikat
USAAC Roundel 1919-1941.svg Korps Udara Tentara Amerika Serikat
Angkatan Darat Amerika Serikat
Pasukan Penjaga Nasional Ohio
Lama dinas1929–1965
PangkatUS-O10 insignia.svg Jenderal
KomandoTwentieth Air Force - Emblem.png Angkatan Udara Ke-dua puluh
SAC Shield.svg Komando Udara Strategis
Seal of the United States Department of the Air Force.svg Ketua Staf USAF
Perang/pertempuranPerang Dunia II
PenghargaanDistinguished Service Cross ribbon.svg Distinguished Service Cross
U.S. Army Distinguished Service Medal ribbon.svg Distinguished Service Medal (3)
Silver Star Medal ribbon.svg Silver Star
Distinguished Flying Cross ribbon.svg Distinguished Flying Cross (3)
Air Medal ribbon.svg Air Medal (5)
SWE Royal Order of the Sword - Commander Grand Cross BAR.png Order of the Sword (Commander Grand Cross)
JPN Kyokujitsu-sho 1Class BAR.svg Order of the Rising Sun (Grand Cordon)
Legion Honneur Commandeur ribbon.svg Legion of Honour (Commandeur)
BRA Order of the Southern Cross - Grand Cross BAR.png Order of the Southern Cross
MAR Order of the Ouissam Alaouite - Commander (1913-1956) BAR.png Order of Ouissam Alaouite
Croix de guerre 1939–1945 stripe bronsepalme.svg French Croix de Guerre (Palm)
Croix de Guerre 1940-1945 with palm (Belgium) - ribbon bar.png Belgian Croix de Guerre (Palm)
PasanganHelen Estelle (Maitland) Lemay[2][3]
Pekerjaan lainPolitikus, kandidat wakil presiden AS

Curtis Emerson LeMay (15 November 1906 – 1 Oktober 1990) adalah seorang jenderal dalam Angkatan Udara Amerika Serikat dan calon wakil presiden dari kandidat Partai Independen Amerika George Wallace dalam pemilihan presiden 1968.

Curtis LeMay dikenal karena merancang dan mengimplementasikan kampanye pengeboman strategis sistematis, efektif namun juga kontroversial di teater Pasifik saat Perang Dunia II. Pada masa perang tersebut, ia dikenal karena merencanakan dan mengeksekusi kampanye pengeboman masif terhadap kota-kota di Jepang. Ia menjabat sebagai Ketua Staf Angkatan Udara AS dari 1961 sampai ia pensiun pada 1965.

Kehidupan awal dan karier[sunting | sunting sumber]

LeMay lahir di Columbus, Ohio, pada 15 November 1906. LeMay berdarah Prancis Kanada dan Inggris.[4]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Kesalahan pengutipan: Tag <ref> tidak sah; tidak ditemukan teks untuk ref bernama Boot_2006
  2. ^ "Curtis LeMay, 83, Bomber General of WW II, Dies". Los Angeles Times. staff writer. 2 Oktober 1990. Diakses tanggal 1 Maret 2014. 
  3. ^ Narvaez, Alfonso A. (2 Oktober 1990). "Gen. Curtis LeMay, an Architect Of Strategic Air Power, Dies at 83". New York Times. Diakses tanggal 1 Maret 2014. 
  4. ^ Kozak, Warren. The Life and Wars of General Curtis LeMay. Regnery Publishing, Inc. Diakses tanggal 2014-08-25. 

Daftar pustaka[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Atkins, Albert Air Marshall Sir Arthur Harris and General Curtis E. Lemay: A Comparative Analytical Biography. AuthorHouse, 2001. ISBN 0-7596-5940-0.
  • Craig, William The Fall of Japan. The Dial Press, 1967. Library of Congress Catalog Card No. 67-10704.
  • Coffey, Thomas M. Iron Eagle: The Turbulent Life of General Curtis LeMay. Random House, 1986. ISBN 0-517-55188-8.
  • Kozak, Warren LeMay: The Life and Wars of Curtis LeMay. Regnery, 2009. plus Author Interview at the Pritzker Military Library on June 4, 2009
  • LeMay, Curtis E. "Mission with LeMay: My Story". Doubleday, 1965
  • LeMay, Curtis E., Yenne, Bill Superfortress: The Boeing B-29 and American Airpower in World War II. Westholme Publishing 2006, originally published by Berkley, 1988
  • McNamara, Robert S. In Retrospect: The Tragedy and Lessons of Vietnam. Vintage Press, 1995. ISBN 0-679-76749-5.
  • Moscow, Warren "City’s Heart Gone". The New York Times. March 11, 1945: 1, 13.
  • Narvez, Alfonso A. "Gen. Curtis LeMay, an Architect of Strategic Air Power, Dies at 83". The New York Times. October 2, 1990.
  • Allison, Graham. Essence of Decision: Explaining the Cuban Missile Crisis (1971 – updated 2nd edition, 1999). Longman. ISBN 0-321-01349-2.
  • Rhodes, Richard Dark Sun: The Making of the Hydrogen Bomb. Simon & Schuster, 1995. ISBN 0-684-80400-X
  • Tillman, Barrett. LeMay. Palgrave's Great Generals Series, 2007. ISBN 1-4039-7135-8

Historiografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]