Perang Nagorno-Karabakh

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Perang Nagorno-Karabakh
Tanggal 1988–1994
Lokasi Nagorno-Karabakh, Armenia, dan Azerbaijan
Hasil Kemenangan Armenia.

Gencatan senjata ditandatangani tahun 1994 oleh Armenia, Azerbaijan, dan Nagorno-Karabakh (masih berpengaruh).

Casus belli Permasalahan teritori antara Armenia dan Azerbaijan
Perubahan
wilayah
Nagorno-Karabakh secara de facto menjadi republik merdeka, sementara secara de jure, wilayah ini tetap menjadi bagian Azerbaijan. Perjanjian perdamaian diadakan antara dua negara untuk mendiskusikan masa depan teritori.
Pihak yang terlibat
Flag of Nagorno-Karabakh.svg Nagorno-Karabakh

 Armenia[1]
Flag of the CIS.svg Tentara bayaran CIS

 Azerbaijan
Flag of Afghanistan 1992 free.png Mujahidin Afganistan[2]
Flag of Chechen Republic of Ichkeria.svg Chechen Volunteers[3]

Flag of the CIS.svg Tentara bayaran CIS

Komandan
Samvel Babayan,
Hemayag Haroyan,
Monte Melkonian,
Vazgen Sargsyan,
Arkady Ter-Tatevosyan,
Anatoly Zinevich
İsgandar Hamidov,
Suret Huseynov,
Rahim Gaziev,
Shamil Basayev[3]
Kekuatan
20.000 72.000
Korban
5.856 tewas,
25.000 terluka
11.000 tewas,[4]
30.000 terluka

Perang Nagorno-Karabakh merupakan konflik bersenjata yang terjadi di Nagorno-Karabakh, Azerbaijan barat daya, dari Februari 1988 sampai Mei 1994. Perang ini terjadi antara etnis Armenia di Nagorno-Karabakh yang dibantu oleh Armenia melawan Azerbaijan. Perang ini merupakan konflik etnis paling destruktif setelah jatuhnya Uni Soviet pada Desember 1991.

Catatan kaki[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Central Intelligence Agency. "The CIA World Factbook: Transnational Issues in Country Profile of Azerbaijan". Diakses 2007-02-14.  Military involvement denied by the Armenian government.
  2. ^ Cooley, John K. (2002). Unholy Wars: Afghanistan, America and International Terrorism. London: Pluto Press. hlm. 150–151. ISBN 0-7453-1917-3. 
  3. ^ a b Griffin, Nicholas (2004). Caucasus: A Journey to the Land Between Christianity and Islam. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. hlm. 185–186. ISBN 0-2263-0859-6. 
  4. ^ de Waal, Thomas (2003). Black Garden: Armenia and Azerbaijan Through Peace and War. New York: New York University Press. ISBN 0-8147-1945-7. 

Daftar pustaka[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Chorbajian, Levon, Patrick Donabedian, and Claude Mutafian (1994). The Caucasian Knot: The History and Geopolitics of Nagorno-Karabagh. Zed Books: London
  • Chorbajian, Levon (2001). The Making of Nagorno-Karabagh: From Secession to Republic. New York: Palgrave MacMillan
  • Chrysanthopolous, Leonidas T (2002). Caucasus Chronicles: Nation-building and Diplomacy in Armenia, 1993–1994. Princeton: Gomidas Institute
  • Cox, Caroline and John Eibner (1993). Ethnic cleansing in progress: War in Nagorno Karabakh. Zürich; Washington: Institute for Religious Minorities in the Islamic World
  • Croissant, Michael P (1998). Armenia-Azerbaijan Conflict: Causes and Implications. London: Praeger
  • Curtis, Glenn E. Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia Country Studies. Federal Research Division Library of Congress
  • de Waal, Thomas (2003). Black Garden: Armenia and Azerbaijan Through Peace and War. New York: New York University Press
  • Freire, Maria Raquel (2003). Conflict and Security in the Former Soviet Union: The Role of the OSCE. Burlington, VT: Ashgate
  • Goltz, Thomas (1998). Azerbaijan Diary: A Rogue Reporter's Adventures in an Oil-Rich, War-Torn, Post-Soviet Republic. New York: M.E. Sharpe
  • Griffin, Nicholas (2004). Caucasus: A Journey to the Land Between Christianity and Islam. Chicago: University of Chicago Press
  • Human Rights Watch/Helsinki (1995). Azerbaijan: Seven Years of Conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh. New York: Human Rights Watch
  • Karny, Yo'av (2000). Highlanders: A Journey to the Caucasus in Quest of Memory. New York: Douglas & McIntyre
  • Kaufman, Stuart (2001). Modern Hatreds: The Symbolic Politics of Ethnic War. New York: Cornell Studies in Security Affairs
  • Libaridian, Gerard (1988). The Karabagh Berkas: Documents and facts on the region of Mountainous Karabagh, 1918–1988. Zoryan Institute for Contemporary Armenian Research & Documentation; 1st ed edition
  • Malkasian, Mark (1996). Gha-Ra-Bagh!: The Emergence of the National Democratic Movement in Armenia. Wayne State University Press
  • Melkonian, Markar (2005). My Brother's Road, An American's Fateful Journey to Armenia. New York: I.B. Tauris
  • Rost, Yuri (1990). The Armenian Tragedy: An Eye-Witness Account of Human Conflict and Natural Disaster in Armenia and Azerbaijan. New York: St. Martin's Press
  • Shamuratian, Samvel ed (1990). The Sumgait Tragedy: Pogroms Against Armenians in Soviet Azerbaijan. New York: Zoryan Institute

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]