Orang tertua

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Orang tertua adalah istilah untuk menyatakan orang yang berusia lebih tua atau dituakan oleh kelompok, masyarakat, dan lain sebagainya.

Orang tertua yang pernah ada[sunting | sunting sumber]

Verifikasi sistematis umur panjang hanya dipraktekkan di beberapa dekade terakhir. Dari sepuluh orang tertua yang usianya telah pada beberapa waktu diverifikasi, dua kasus sekarang diperdebatkan.

      Sudah meninggal       Umur dipertentangkan       Masih hidup

Peringkat Nama Jenis Kelamin Tanggal Lahir Tanggal Meninggal Umur Tempat Meninggal
1 Jeanne Calment P 21 Februari 1875 4 Agustus 1997 122 tahun, 164 hari Perancis
2 Sarah Knauss P 24 September 1880 30 Desember 1999 119 tahun, 97 hari Amerika Serikat
3 Lucy Hannah P 16 Juli 1875 21 Maret 1993 117 tahun, 248 hari Amerika Serikat
4 Marie-Louise Meilleur P 29 Agustus 1880 16 April 1998 117 tahun, 230 hari Kanada
5 María Capovilla P 14 September 1889 27 Agustus 2006 116 tahun, 347 hari Ekuador
6 Tane Ikai P 18 Januari 1879 12 Juli 1995 116 tahun, 175 hari Jepang
7 Elizabeth Bolden P 15 Agustus 1890 11 Desember 2006 116 tahun, 118 hari Amerika Serikat
8 Carrie C. White P 18 November 1874 14 Februari 1991 116 tahun, 88 hari[1][2] Amerika Serikat
9 Kamato Hongo P 16 September 1887 31 Oktober 2003 116 tahun, 45 hari[1][3] Jepang
10 Maggie Barnes P 6 Maret 1882 19 Januari 1998 115 tahun, 319 hari Amerika Serikat

Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Dua dari kesepuluh klaim tersebut masih diperdebatkan, untuk itu berikut dua nama yang menyertai perdebatan itu.

Peringkat Nama Jenis Kelamin Tanggal Lahir Tanggal Meninggal Umur Tempat Meninggal
11 Christian Mortensen L 16 Agustus 1882 25 April 1998 115 tahun, 252 hari Amerika Serikat
12 Besse Cooper P 26 Agustus 1896 Hidup 118 tahun, 1 hari Amerika Serikat

Orang tertua yang masih hidup[sunting | sunting sumber]

Peringkat Nama Jenis Kelamin Tanggal Lahir Umur Pada 27 Agustus 2014 Tempat Tinggal
1 Besse Cooper[4] F 26 August 1896 118 tahun, 1 hari United States
2 Dina Manfredini[4] F 4 April 1897 117 tahun, 145 hari United States
3 Misawo Okawa[4] F 5 March 1898 116 tahun, 175 hari Japan
4 Kame Nakamura[4] F 8 March 1898 116 tahun, 172 hari Japan
5 Marie-Thérèse Bardet[4] F 2 June 1898 116 tahun, 86 hari France
6 Mamie Rearden[4] F 7 September 1898 115 tahun, 354 hari United States
7 Hatsue Ono[4] F 31 October 1898 115 tahun, 300 hari Japan
8 Ichi Ishida[4] F 15 January 1899 115 tahun, 224 hari Japan
9 Maria Redaelli-Granoli[4] F 3 April 1899 115 tahun, 146 hari Italy

Pria tertua[sunting | sunting sumber]

      Deceased       Living       Age disputed

Rank Name Birth date Death date Age Place of death
or residence
1 Jiroemon Kimura 19 April 1897 12 Juni 2013 116 Tahun, 54 Hari Japan
2 Christian Mortensen 16 August 1882 25 April 1998 115 years, 252 days United States
3 Emiliano Mercado del Toro 21 August 1891 24 January 2007 115 years, 156 days Puerto Rico
4 Mathew Beard 9 July 1870 16 February 1985 114 years, 222 days[5] United States
5 Walter Breuning 21 September 1896 14 April 2011 114 years, 205 days United States
6 Yukichi Chuganji 23 March 1889 28 September 2003 114 years, 189 days Japan
7 Joan Riudavets 15 December 1889 5 March 2004 114 years, 81 days Spain
8 Fred Hale 1 December 1890 19 November 2004 113 years, 354 days United States
9 Moses Hardy 6 January 1893 7 December 2006 113 years, 335 days[6][7] United States
10 Johnson Parks 15 October 1884 17 July 1998 113 years, 275 days United States

Addendum[sunting | sunting sumber]

Two claims are disputed; accordingly, an addendum of proven claims is included.

Rank Name Birth date Death date Age Place of death
11 Tomoji Tanabe 18 September 1895 19 June 2009 113 years, 274 days Japan
12 John Ingram McMorran 19 June 1889 24 February 2003 113 years, 250 days United States

Pria tertua yang masih hidup (di atas 110 tahun)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rank Name Birth date Age as of 27 Agustus 2014 Place of residence
1 James Sisnett[4] 22 February 1900 114 tahun, 186 hari Barbados
2 Shelby Harris[4] 31 March 1901 113 tahun, 149 hari United States
3 Francisco Fernández[4] 24 July 1901 113 tahun, 34 hari Spain
4 James McCoubrey[4] 13 September 1901 112 tahun, 348 hari United States

Orang tertua secara kronologis sejak 1955[sunting | sunting sumber]

      Deceased       Living       Age disputed

From To Name Sex Age(s) when oldest Lifespan Place of death
or residence
? 24 October 1955 Betsy Baker F ? – 113 20 August 1842 – 24 October 1955
113 years, 65 days
Nebraska, United States
24 October 1955 25 June 1959
(3 years, 244 days)
Martha Graham F 110 – 114 December 1844 – 25 June 1959
114 years, ca. 180 days[8]
North Carolina, United States
25 June 1959 10 February 1961
(1 tahun, 230 hari)
James Henry Brett, Jr. M 109 – 111 25 July 1849 – 10 February 1961
111 years, 200 days[1][9][10]
Texas, United States
10 February 1961 30 December 1964
(3 tahun, 324 hari)
Mary Kelly F 109 – 113 7 June 1851 – 30 December 1964
113 years, 206 days
California, United States
30 December 1964 6 March 1965
(66 days)
Elizabeth Kensley F 109 12 May 1855 – 6 March 1965
109 tahun, 298 hari
England, United Kingdom
6 March 1965 24 July 1965
(141 days)
Auguste Pahl F 109 23 November 1855 – 24 July 1965
109 tahun, 243 hari
Germany
24 July 1965 10 January 1966
(170 days)
Hannah Smith F 109 – 110 7 January 1856 – 10 January 1966
110 tahun, 3 hari
England, United Kingdom
10 January 1966 21 March 1968
(2 tahun, 71 hari)
John Turner M 109 – 111 15 June 1856 – 21 March 1968
111 years, 280 days
England, United Kingdom
21 March 1968 16 June 1968
(87 days)
Johanna Booyson F 111 17 January 1857 – 16 June 1968
111 years, 151 days
Transvaal, South Africa
16 June 1968 4 May 1969
(322 days)
Marie Bernátková[11] F 110 – 111 22 October 1857 – 4 May 1969
111 years, 194 days
Zašová, Czechoslovakia (now located in the Czech Republic)
4 May 1969 11 January 1970
(252 days)
Ada Roe F 111 6 February 1858 – 11 January 1970
111 years, 339 days
England, United Kingdom
11 January 1970 27 February 1973
(3 tahun, 47 hari)
Josefa Salas F 109 – 112 14 July 1860 – 27 February 1973
112 years, 228 days
Asturias, Spain
27 February 1973 18 August 1973
(172 days)
Alice Stevenson F 111 – 112 10 July 1861 – 18 August 1973
112 years, 39 days
England, United Kingdom
18 August 1973 31 October 1973
(74 days)
Elizabeth Watkins F 110 10 March 1863 – 31 October 1973
110 years, 235 days
Northern Ireland, United Kingdom
31 October 1973 31 May 1975
(1 tahun, 212 hari)
Mito Umeta F 110 – 112 27 March 1863 – 31 May 1975
112 years, 65 days
Kyūshū, Japan
31 May 1975 16 November 1976
(1 tahun, 169 hari)
Niwa Kawamoto F 111 – 113 5 August 1863 – 16 November 1976
113 years, 105 days
Kansai, Japan
16 November 1976 2 December 1977
(1 tahun, 16 hari)
Sophia DeMuth F 110 – 111 30 June 1866 – 2 December 1977
111 years, 155 days
Nebraska, United States
2 December 1977 22 January 1981
(3 tahun, 51 hari)
Fannie Thomas F 110 – 113 14 April 1867 – 22 January 1981
113 years, 283 days
California, United States
22 January 1981 8 March 1981
(45 days)
Augustine Tessier F 112 2 January 1869 – 8 March 1981
112 years, 65 days
Languedoc-Roussillon, France
8 March 1981 13 November 1982
(1 tahun, 250 hari)
Nellie Spencer F 111 – 113 24 August 1869 – 13 November 1982
113 years, 81 days
New Jersey, United States
13 November 1982 13 October 1983
(334 days)
Emma Wilson F 112 – 113 12 May 1870 – 13 October 1983
113 years, 154 days
Missouri, United States
13 October 1983 16 February 1985
(1 tahun, 126 hari)
Mathew Beard M 113 – 114 9 July 1870 – 16 February 1985
114 years, 222 days[5]
Florida, United States
16 February 1985 31 December 1985
(318 days)
Ollie Bay F 112 – 113 11 November 1872 – 31 December 1985
113 years, c. 50 days
Illinois, United States
31 December 1985 20 September 1986
(263 days)
Mamie Eva Keith F 112 – 113 22 March 1873 – 20 September 1986
113 years, 182 days
Illinois, United States
20 September 1986 2 February 1987
(126 days)
Mary McKinney F 113 30 May 1873 – 2 February 1987
113 years, 248 days
California, United States
2 February 1987 27 December 1987
(328 days)
Anna Eliza Williams F 113 – 114 2 June 1873 – 27 December 1987
114 years, 208 days
Wales, United Kingdom
27 December 1987 11 January 1988
(15 days)
Florence Knapp F 114 10 October 1873 – 11 January 1988
114 years, 93 days
Pennsylvania, United States
11 January 1988 14 February 1991
(3 tahun, 34 hari)
Carrie C. White F 113 – 116 18 November 1874 – 14 February 1991
116 years, 88 days[2]
Florida, United States
14 February 1991 4 August 1997
(6 tahun, 171 hari)
Jeanne Calment F 115 – 122 21 February 1875 – 4 August 1997
122 years, 164 days
Provence, France
4 August 1997 16 April 1998
(255 days)
Marie-Louise Meilleur F 116 – 117 29 August 1880 – 16 April 1998
117 years, 230 days
Ontario, Canada
16 April 1998 30 December 1999
(1 tahun, 258 hari)
Sarah Knauss F 117 – 119 24 September 1880 – 30 December 1999
119 years, 97 days
Pennsylvania, United States
30 December 1999 2 November 2000
(308 days)
Eva Morris F 114 8 November 1885 – 2 November 2000
114 years, 360 days
England, United Kingdom
2 November 2000 6 June 2001
(216 days)
Marie Brémont F 114 – 115 25 April 1886 – 6 June 2001
115 years, 42 days
Anjou, France
6 June 2001 18 March 2002
(285 days)
Maude Farris-Luse F 114 – 115 21 January 1887 – 18 March 2002
115 years, 56 days
Michigan, United States
18 March 2002 31 October 2003
(1 tahun, 226 hari)
Kamato Hongo F 114 – 116 16 September 1887 – 31 October 2003
116 years, 45 days[3]
Kagoshima, Japan
31 October 2003 13 November 2003
(13 days)
Mitoyo Kawate F 114 15 May 1889 – 13 November 2003
114 years, 182 days
Hiroshima, Japan
13 November 2003 29 May 2004
(198 days)
Ramona Trinidad Iglesias-Jordan F 114 31 August 1889 – 29 May 2004
114 years, 272 days
San Juan, Puerto Rico
29 May 2004 27 August 2006
(2 tahun, 90 hari)
María Capovilla F 114 – 116 14 September 1889 – 27 August 2006
116 years, 347 days
Guayas, Ecuador
27 August 2006 11 December 2006
(106 days)
Elizabeth Bolden F 116 15 August 1890 – 11 December 2006
116 years, 118 days
Tennessee, United States
11 December 2006 24 January 2007
(44 days)
Emiliano Mercado del Toro M 115 21 August 1891 – 24 January 2007
115 years, 156 days
Isabela, Puerto Rico
24 January 2007 28 January 2007
(4 days)
Emma Tillman F 114 22 November 1892 – 28 January 2007
114 years, 67 days
Connecticut, United States
29 January 2007 13 August 2007
(197 days)
Yone Minagawa F 114 4 January 1893 – 13 August 2007
114 years, 221 days
Fukuoka, Japan
13 August 2007 26 November 2008
(1 tahun, 105 hari)
Edna Parker F 114 – 115 20 April 1893 – 26 November 2008
115 years, 220 days
Indiana, United States
26 November 2008 2 January 2009
(37 days)
Maria de Jesus F 115 10 September 1893 – 2 January 2009
115 years, 114 days
Tomar, Portugal
2 January 2009 11 September 2009
(252 days)
Gertrude Baines F 114 – 115 6 April 1894 – 11 September 2009
115 years, 158 days
California, United States
11 September 2009 2 May 2010
(233 days)
Kama Chinen F 114 10 May 1895 – 2 May 2010
114 years, 357 days
Okinawa, Japan
2 May 2010 4 November 2010
(186 days)
Eugénie Blanchard F 114 16 February 1896 – 4 November 2010
114 years, 261 days
Saint Barthélemy, France
4 November 2010 21 June 2011
(229 days)
Maria Gomes Valentim F 114 9 July 1896 – 21 June 2011
114 years, 347 days
Minas Gerais, Brazil
21 June 2011 Present
(1163 days)
Besse Cooper F 114 – 115* born 26 August 1896
age 118 tahun, 1 hari
Georgia, United States

Daftar pria tertua secara kronologis sejak 1961[sunting | sunting sumber]

      Deceased       Living       Pending       Age disputed

From To Name Age(s) when oldest Lifespan Place of death
or residence
? 12 March 1962 Sylvester Melvin ? – 110 29 November 1851 – 12 March 1962
110 years, 103 days
Illinois, United States
12 March 1962 16 March 1962
(4 days)
Joseph Saint-Amour 110 26 February 1852 – 16 March 1962
110 years, 18 days
Quebec, Canada
16 March 1962 6 August 1965
(3 tahun, 142 hari)
William Fullingim 106 – 110 7 July 1855 – 6 August 1965
110 years, 30 days
Oklahoma, United States
6 August 1965 21 March 1968
(2 tahun, 228 hari)
John Mosely Turner 109 – 111 15 June 1856 – 21 March 1968
111 years, 280 days
England, United Kingdom
21 March 1968 fl. August 1970
Khasako Dzugayev 107 – 110? 7 August 1860 – fl. August 1970
110 years, 0 days+
Ossetia, Soviet Union (now located in Russia)
fl. August 1970 5 May 1973
Friedrich Wedeking 110 10 October 1862 – 5 May 1973
110 years, 207 days
North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
5 May 1973 9 March 1974
(308 days)
Frederick Butterfield 109 – 110 28 February 1864 – 9 March 1974
110 years, 9 days
England, United Kingdom
9 March 1974 17 March 1977
(3 tahun, 8 hari)
Jean Teillet 107 – 110 6 November 1866 – 17 March 1977
110 years, 131 days
Île-de-France, France
17 March 1977 5 September 1980
(3 tahun, 172 hari)
Charlie Phillips 106 – 110 5 May 1870 – 5 September 1980
110 years, 123 days
Mississippi, United States
5 September 1980 16 February 1985
(4 tahun, 164 hari)
Mathew Beard 110 – 114 9 July 1870 – 16 February 1985
114 years, 222 days[5]
Florida, United States
16 February 1985 14 December 1986
(1 tahun, 301 hari days)
Joe Thomas 110 – 111 1 May 1875 – 14 December 1986
111 years, 227 days
Louisiana, United States
14 December 1986 5 January 1987
(22 days)
Herman Smith-Johannsen 111 15 June 1875 – 5 January 1987
111 years, 204 days
Vestfold, Norway
5 January 1987 25 November 1988
(1 tahun, 325 hari)
Alphaeus Philemon Cole 110 – 112 12 July 1876 – 25 November 1988
112 years, 136 days
New Jersey, United States
25 November 1988 10 June 1990
(1 tahun, 197 hari)
John Evans 111 – 112 19 August 1877 – 10 June 1990
112 years, 295 days
Wales, United Kingdom
10 June 1990 18 June 1990
(8 days)
Henri Pérignon 110 14 October 1879 – 18 June 1990
110 tahun, 247 hari
Normandy, France
18 June 1990 16 October 1991
(1 tahun, 120 hari)
James Wiggins 110 – 112 15 October 1879 – 16 October 1991
112 years, 1 day
Arkansas, United States
16 October 1991 14 June 1993
(1 tahun, 241 hari)
Frederick Frazier 111 – 113 27 January 1880 – 14 June 1993
113 years, 138 days
Alabama, United States
14 June 1993 20 January 1994
(220 days)
Josep Armengol 111 – 112 23 July 1881 – 20 January 1994
112 years, 181 days
Catalonia, Spain
20 January 1994 25 April 1998
(4 tahun, 95 hari)
Christian Mortensen 111 – 115 16 August 1882 – 25 April 1998
115 years, 252 days
California, United States
25 April 1998 17 July 1998
(83 days)
Johnson Parks 113 15 October 1884 – 17 July 1998
113 years, 275 days
Florida, United States
17 July 1998 25 December 1998
(161 days)
Walter Richardson 112 – 113 7 November 1885 – 25 December 1998
113 years, 48 days
Illinois, United States
25 December 1998 29 April 1999
(125 days)
Denzo Ishisaki 112 20 October 1886 – 29 April 1999
112 years, 191 days
Ibaraki, Japan
29 April 1999 15 November 1999
(200 days)
Antonio Urrea 111 16 February 1888 – 15 November 1999
111 years, 272 days
Catalonia, Spain
15 November 1999 1 March 2001
(1 tahun, 106 hari)
John Painter 111 – 112 20 September 1888 – 1 March 2001
112 years, 162 days
Tennessee, United States
1 March 2001 3 January 2002
(308 days)
Antonio Todde[12] 112 22 January 1889 – 3 January 2002
112 years, 346 days
Sardinia, Italy
3 January 2002 28 September 2003
(1 tahun, 268 hari)
Yukichi Chuganji 112 – 114 23 March 1889 – 28 September 2003
114 years, 189 days
Fukuoka, Japan
28 September 2003 5 March 2004
(159 days)
Joan Riudavets 113 – 114 15 December 1889 – 5 March 2004
114 years, 81 days
Balearic Islands, Spain
5 March 2004 19 November 2004
(259 days)
Fred Hale 113 1 December 1890 – 19 November 2004
113 years, 354 days
Maine, United States
19 November 2004 24 January 2007
(2 tahun, 66 hari)
Emiliano Mercado del Toro 113 – 115 21 August 1891 – 24 January 2007
115 years, 156 days
Isabela, Puerto Rico
24 January 2007 19 June 2009
(2 tahun, 146 hari)
Tomoji Tanabe 111 – 113 18 September 1895 – 19 June 2009
113 years, 274 days
Miyazaki, Japan
19 June 2009 18 July 2009
(29 days)
Henry Allingham 113 6 June 1896 – 18 July 2009
113 years, 42 days
England, United Kingdom
18 July 2009 14 April 2011
(1 tahun, 299 hari)
Walter Breuning 112 – 114 21 September 1896 – 14 April 2011
114 years, 205 days
Montana, United States
14 April 2011 Present
(3 tahun, 135 hari)
Jiroemon Kimura 113 – 115* born 19 April 1897
age 117 tahun, 130 hari
Kyoto, Japan

Orang yang usianya 110 tahun atau lebih yang meninggal sebelum tahun 1955[sunting | sunting sumber]

      Deceased       Age disputed

Name Sex Birth date Death date Age Place of death
Thomas Peters
M 6 April 1745 26 March 1857 111 years, 354 days[6][13] Gelderland, Netherlands
Geert Adriaans Boomgaard M 21 September 1788 3 February 1899 110 years, 135 days Groningen, Netherlands
Margaret Ann Neve F 18 May 1792 4 April 1903 110 years, 321 days Guernsey, Channel Islands
Ann Pouder F 8 April 1807 10 July 1917 110 years, 93 days Nebraska, United States
Louisa Thiers F 2 October 1814 17 February 1926 111 years, 138 days Wisconsin, United States
Miriam Bannister F 19 March 1817 9 April 1928 111 years, 21 days Missouri, United States
Demetrius Philipovitch M 9 March 1818 fl. August 1928 110 years, 150+ days Yugoslavia
Delina Filkins F 4 May 1815 4 December 1928 113 years, 214 days New York, United States
Katherine Plunket F 22 November 1820 14 October 1932 111 years, 327 days Leinster, Ireland
Valgjer Svien F 10 October 1842 23 January 1953 110 years, 105 days Minnesota, United States

Orang tertua berdasarkan negara[sunting | sunting sumber]

This article gives the recordholders for various countries to the extent that they have been established. These records are based on place of birth in current borders for simplicity. Those listed as 'verified' have been validated by an international body that specifically deals in longevity research, such as the Gerontology Research Group.

      Deceased       Living       Age disputed

Country Name Sex Birth date Death date Age
France Jeanne Calment F 21 February 1875 4 August 1997 122 years, 164 days
United States Sarah Knauss F 24 September 1880 30 December 1999 119 years, 97 days
Canada Marie-Louise Meilleur F 29 August 1880 16 April 1998 117 years, 230 days
Ecuador María Capovilla F 14 September 1889 27 August 2006 116 years, 347 days
Japan Tane Ikai F 18 January 1879 12 July 1995 116 years, 175 days
Denmark Christian Mortensen M 16 August 1882 25 April 1998 115 years, 252 days
United Kingdom Charlotte Hughes F 1 August 1877 17 March 1993 115 years, 228 days
Romania Aniţica Butariu F 17 June 1882 21 November 1997 115 years, 157 days[14]
Portugal Maria de Jesus F 10 September 1893 2 January 2009 115 years, 114 days
Netherlands Hendrikje van Andel-Schipper F 29 June 1890 30 August 2005 115 years, 62 days
Italy Dina Manfredini F 4 April 1897 Living 117 tahun, 145 hari
Brazil Maria Gomes Valentim F 9 July 1896 21 June 2011 114 years, 347 days
Spain M.A.C.C.[15] F 10 June 1881 16 January 1996 114 years, 220 days
Cape Verde Adelina Domingues F 19 February 1888 21 August 2002 114 years, 183 days
Germany Charlotte Benkner F 16 November 1889 14 May 2004 114 years, 180 days
Algeria Anne Primout[a] F 5 October 1890 26 March 2005 114 years, 172 days
Australia Christina Cock F 25 December 1887 22 May 2002 114 years, 148 days
India Lucy d'Abreu[b] F 24 May 1892 7 December 2005 113 years, 197 days
Sweden Astrid Zachrison F 15 May 1895 15 May 2008 113 years, 0 days
Hungary Elizabeth Stefan F 13 May 1895 9 April 2008 112 years, 332 days
Poland Rosa Rein[c] F 24 March 1897 14 February 2010 112 years, 327 days
Finland Lempi Rothovius F 2 October 1887 17 June 2000 112 years, 259 days
Mexico Soledad Mexia F 13 August 1899 Living 115 tahun, 14 hari
Belgium Joanna Deroover F 3 June 1890 6 December 2002 112 years, 186 days
Czech Republic Maria Mika[d] F 23 May 1882 17 November 1994 112 years, 178 days
Barbados James Sisnett M 22 February 1900 Living 114 tahun, 186 hari
Norway Maren Bolette Torp F 21 December 1876 20 February 1989 112 years, 61 days
Ireland Katherine Plunket F 20 November 1820 14 October 1932 111 years, 327 days
Morocco Consuelo Moreno[e] F 5 February 1893 13 November 2004 111 years, 282 days
Ukraine Fannie Buten[f] F 13 April 1899 24 September 2010 111 years, 164 days
South Africa Johanna Booyson F 17 January 1857 16 June 1968 111 years, 151 days
Russia Lillian Joelson[g] F 20 August 1896 30 December 2007 111 years, 132 days
Belarus Mollye Marcus[h] F 18 October 1899 18 February 2011 111 years, 123 days
Colombia Daniel Guzmán-García M 6 February 1897 21 May 2008 111 years, 105 days
Switzerland Emma Duvoisin F 5 July 1886 30 September 1997 111 years, 87 days
Austria Hermine Nistler F 24 December 1900 13 February 2012 111 years, 51 days
Greece Gregory Pandazes M 15 January 1873 22 December 1983 110 years, 341 days
Slovenia Katarina Marinič[i] F 30 October 1899 2 September 2010 110 years, 307 days
Saint Kitts and Nevis Rosalind Hill F 30 March 1899 18 January 2010 110 years, 294 days
Lithuania Ella Ille Rentel[j] F 19 May 1852 19 September 1962 110 years, 123 days
Croatia Hermina Dunz[k] F 24 February 1898 14 June 2008 110 years, 111 days
Peru Julia Dougherty F 20 August 1893 4 December 2003 110 years, 106 days
New Zealand Ethel Booth F 25 December 1890 18 February 2001 110 years, 55 days
Iceland Guðrún Björnsdóttir[16] F 20 October 1888 26 August 1998 109 years, 310 days

a^ Primout was a native of French Algeria; it is presently Algeria.
b^ d'Abreu is a native of Dharwar, which had then been a part of the British Raj; it is presently located in India.
c^ Rein is a native of Dziećkowice, near Mysłowice, which had then been a part of the German Empire; it is presently located in Poland.
d^ Mika is a native of Bohemia, which was then part of Austria-Hungary; it is presently located in the Czech Republic.
e^ Moreno was a native of Spanish Morocco, which had then been a part of the Spanish Empire; it is presently Morocco.
f^ Buten is a native of Lvov, which had then been a part of Austria-Hungary; it is presently located in the Ukraine.
g^ Joelson was a native of the Russian Empire; it is presently Russia.
h^ Marcus is a native of Lechovitz, which had then been a part of the Russian Empire; it is presently located in Belarus.
i^ Marinič is a native of Deskle, which had then been a part of Austria-Hungaryl; it is presently located in Slovenia.
j^ Rentel is a native of Geldauschinken, which had then been a part of the Russian Empire; it is presently located in Lithuania.
k^ Dunz is a native of Zagreb, which had then been a part of Austria-Hungary; it is presently located in Croatia.

Pemegang rekor teritorial[sunting | sunting sumber]

Country Territory Name Sex Birth date Death date Age
Denmark Faroe Islands Jóhannes Tauser[17] M 23 February 1902 12 January 2008 105 years, 323 days
Greenland Malene Lund[18][19] F 6 June 1877 27 January 1979 101 years, 235 days
France Guadeloupe Luce Maced F 2 May 1886 25 February 2000 113 years, 299 days
New Caledonia Marie-Louise Lhuillier F 26 June 1895 28 December 2007 112 years, 185 days
Réunion Julia Sinédia-Cazour F 12 July 1892 6 October 2005 113 years, 86 days
Saint Barthélemy Eugénie Blanchard F 16 February 1896 4 November 2010 114 years, 261 days
United States Puerto Rico Emiliano Mercado del Toro M 21 August 1891 24 January 2007 115 years, 156 days

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ a b c "World's Oldest Person Titleholders (since 1955)". Gerontology Research Group. Diakses 25 September 2011. 
  2. ^ a b Guinness World Records accepted White's claim, but subsequent research reveals she Mei have been 102 at death.
  3. ^ a b While there is some question as to whether Hongo was in fact 115 tahun old at death instead of 116, research by Michel Poulain suggests she Mei have been 110 at death.
  4. ^ Kesalahan pengutipan: Tag <ref> tidak sah; tidak ditemukan teks untuk ref bernama GRG
  5. ^ a b c The USA Social Security Administration recognizes Beard's claim, based on census information, but that census match is not universally accepted.
  6. ^ a b Young, Robert Douglas. "VERIFIED SUPERCENTENARIAN CASES CHRONOLOGICAL". Gerontology Research Group. 
  7. ^ The GRG considers the Moses Hardy claim as subject to doubt; he may have in fact been born one year later.
  8. ^ The day count for Graham is an estimate as her month of birth is known but not her date of birth.
  9. ^ Young, Robert. "VERIFIED SUPERCENTENARIAN CASES -- LISTED CHRONOLOGICALLY BY DEATH DATE". Gerontology Research Group. 
  10. ^ The Gerontology Research Group labels James Henry Brett, Jr. claim a "questionable case." Due to census data, the issue of positive identification remains unresolved.
  11. ^ Rudé právo (Prague), May 6, 1969: 2 http://archiv.ucl.cas.cz/index.php?path=RudePravo/1969/5/6/2.png Missing or empty |title= (help) 
  12. ^ GRG VERIFIED SUPERCENTENARIAN CASES -- ITALY (As of March 24, 2007). Retrieved 17 October 2011.
  13. ^ The Thomas Peters claim was accepted by Guinness but documentation, if it ever existed, has been lost. The claim is therefore subject to doubt.
  14. ^ Aniţica Butariu's claim was accepted by Romanian authorities, but supporting documentation for the claim has never been produced for inspection by international gerontology organizations. However, nothing has been published to dispute the claim.
  15. ^ Gómez-Redondo, Rosa; García González, Juan M. (2007). Emergence and verification of supercentenarians in Spain. Madrid: National University of Distance Education. hlm. 166. 
  16. ^ Ragnarsson, Jónas/Síminn (24 May 2011). "Langelstu Íslendingarnir". Kvikmyndir.com. Diakses 25 September 2011. 
  17. ^ "Elsti føroyingur andaðist leygardagin" (dalam bahasa Icelandic). Kristnastova.dk. 16 January 2008. 
  18. ^ Narssak, John Rasmussen (16 June 1977). "Malene Lund 100-lîngmat" (dalam bahasa Danish). Atuagagdliutit/Grønlandsposten. hlm. 5. 
  19. ^ "Grønlands ældste, Malene Lund er død" (dalam bahasa Danish and Kalaallisut). Atuagagdliutit/Grønlandsposten. 1 February 1979. hlm. 3.