Synapsida

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Synapsids
Rentang fosil: 320-100Ma. Descendant taxon Mammalia survives to present.
Dimetrodon.jpg
Dimetrodon grandis skeleton at the National Museum of Natural History of U.S.A.
Klasifikasi ilmiah
Kerajaan:
Filum:
Subfilum:
Infrafilum:
Superkelas:
(tanpa takson):
Klad Reptiliomorpha
Klad Amniota
Klad Synapsida

Osborn, 1903
Subgroups
Sinonim

Theropsida Seeley, 1895[3]

Synapsida ('fused arch'), atau theropsida ('wajah hewan'), adalah kelompok hewan yang termasuk mamalia dan segala kerabat dekatnya selain amniota hidup lainnya.[4] Anggota non-mamalia disebut sebagai reptil mirip mammalia dalam sistematika klasik,[5][6] tetapi disebut "mamalia batang" atau "proto-mammalia" dalam terminologi cladistic.

Taksonomi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Classification[sunting | sunting sumber]

Filogeni[sunting | sunting sumber]

Synapsida

Caseasauria

Eupelycosauria

Varanopseidae

Ophiacodontidae

Edaphosauridae

Sphenacodontia

Sphenacodontidae

Therapsida
Biarmosuchia

Eotitanosuchus

Eutherapsida

Dinocephalia

Neotherapsida

Anomodontia

Theriodontia

Gorgonopsia

Eutheriodontia

Therocephalia

Cynodontia

Dvinia

Procynosuchidae

Epicynodontia

Thrinaxodon

Eucynodontia

Cynognathus

Probainognathia

Trithelodontidae

Chiniquodontidae

Prozostrodon

Mammaliaformes

Mammalia

Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ David S. Berman (2013). "Diadectomorphs, amniotes or not?". New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science Bulletin. 60: 22–35. 
  2. ^ Jozef Klembara; Miroslav Hain; Marcello Ruta; David S. Berman; Stephanie E. Pierce; Amy C. Henrici (2019). "Inner ear morphology of diadectomorphs and seymouriamorphs (Tetrapoda) uncovered by high‐resolution x‐ray microcomputed tomography, and the origin of the amniote crown group". Palaeontology. 63: 131–154. doi:10.1111/pala.12448alt=Dapat diakses gratis. 
  3. ^ Seeley, Harry Govier (1895). "Researches on the Structure, Organisation, and Classification of the Fossil Reptilia. Part X. On the Complete Skeleton of an Anomodont Reptile (Aristodesmus rutimeyeri, Wiedersheim), from the Bunter Sandstone of Reihen, near Basel, Giving New Evidence of the Relation of the Anomodontia to the Monotremata". Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. 59: 167–169. doi:10.1098/rspl.1895.0070alt=Dapat diakses gratis. 
  4. ^ Laurin and Reisz 2007.
  5. ^ Carroll 1988: 397.
  6. ^ Benton 2005: 122.

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Bacaan Lanjut[sunting | sunting sumber]

Lihat pula[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]