Pyrron

Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas
Lompat ke: navigasi, cari
Pyrron
Lahir skt. 360 SM
Elis, Yunani
Meninggal skt. 270 SM
Elis, Yunani
Era Filsafat kuno
Suku bangsa Yunani
Aliran Pyrrhonisme
Gagasan penting Skeptisisme

Pyrron (/ˈpɪr/; bahasa Yunani: Πύρρων Pyrrōn, skt. 360 SM – skt. 270 SM), merupakan seorang filsuf Era Klasik Yunani kuno dan berjasa sebagai filsuf Skeptisisme pertama di Yunani.

Pyrron berasal dari Elis, di Laut Ionia. Diogenes Laertios, mengutip dari Apollodoros dari Athena, mengatakan bahwa Pyrron pada awalnya adalah seorang pelukis, dan gambar-gambar itu dipamerkan di gimnasium Elis. Kemudian ia dialihkan ke filsafat oleh karya-karya Demokritos, dan menurut Diogenes Laertios berkenalan dengan dialek Megarian melalui Bryson, murid Stilpo.

Lihat pula[sunting | sunting sumber]

Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  •  Artikel ini menyertakan teks dari suatu terbitan yang sekarang berada pada ranah publikChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Pyrrho of Elis". Encyclopædia Britannica 22 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 696. 
  • Algra, K., Barnes, J., Mansfeld, J. and Schofield, M. (eds.), The Cambridge History of Hellenistic Philosophy, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.
  • Annas, Julia and Barnes, Jonathan, The Modes of Scepticism: Ancient Texts and Modern Interpretations, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985.
  • Barua, Benimadhab (1921). A History of Pre-Buddhistic Indian Philosophy (1st ed.). London: University of Calcutta. p. 468. 
  • Beckwith, Christopher I., Greek Buddha. Pyrrho's Encounter with Early Buddhism in Central Asia, Princeton University Press, Princeton and Oxford, 2015.
  • Bett, Richard, "Aristocles on Timon on Pyrrho: The Text, Its Logic and its Credibility" Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 12, (1994): 137-181.
  • Bett, Richard, "What did Pyrrho Think about the Nature of the Divine and the Good?" Phronesis 39, (1994): 303-337.
  • Bett, Richard, Pyrrho, His Antecedents, and His Legacy, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.
  • Brunschwig, Jacques, "Introduction: the Beginnings of Hellenistic Epistemology" in Algra, Barnes, Mansfeld and Schofield (eds.), The Cambridge History of Hellenistic Philosophy, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999, 229-259.
  • Burnyeat, Myles (ed.), The Skeptical Tradition, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1983.
  • Burnyeat, Myles and Frede, Michael (eds.), The Original Sceptics: A Controversy, Indianapolis: Hackett, 1997.
  • Doomen, Jasper, "The Problems of Scepticism" Logical Analysis and History of Philosophy 10 (2007): 36-52.
  • Flintoff, Everard (1980). "Pyrrho and India". Phronesis (Brill) 25 (1): 88–108. JSTOR 4182084. 
  • Halkias, Georgios, "The Self-immolation of Kalanos and other Luminous Encounters among Greeks and Indian Buddhists in the Hellenistic world". Journal of the Oxford Centre for Buddhist Studies, Vol. VIII, 2015: 163-186.
  • Hankinson, R.J., The Sceptics, London: Routledge, 1995.
  • Jayatilleke, K.N. (1963). Early Buddhist Theory of Knowledge (PDF) (1st ed.). London: George Allen & Unwin Ltd. p. 524. 
  • Kuzminski, Adrian, Pyrrhonism; How the Ancient Greeks Reinvented Buddhism, Lanham, Lexington Books, 2008.
  • Long, A.A., Hellenistic Philosophy: Stoics, Epicureans, Sceptics, University of California Press, 1986.
  • Long, A.A. and Sedley, David, The Hellenistic Philosophers, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987.
  • Striker, Gisela, "On the difference between the Pyrrhonists and the Academics" in G. Striker, Essays on Hellenistic Epistemology and Ethics, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996, 135-149.
  • Striker, Gisela, "Sceptical strategies" in G. Striker, Essays on Hellenistic Epistemology and Ethics, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996, 92-115.
  • Striker, Gisela, "The Ten Tropes of Aenesidemus" in G. Striker, Essays on Hellenistic Epistemology and Ethics, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996, 116-134.
  • Svavarsson, Svavar Hrafn, "Pyrrho’s dogmatic nature", The Classical Quarterly, 52 (2002): 248-56.
  • Svavarsson, Svavar Hrafn, "Pyrrho’s undecidable nature", Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, 27 (2004): 249-295.

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]