Pemberontakan Arab di Palestina 1936–1939

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Pemberontakan Arab di Palestina 1936-1939
Bagian dari Konflik Israel-Palestina
Tanggal1936-1939
LokasiBendera Negara Palestina Mandat Britania atas Palestina
Hasil Pemberontakan dapat dipadamnkan
Pihak terlibat
 Britania Raya Bendera Negara Palestina Arab Palestina
Tokoh dan pemimpin

Bendera Negara Palestina General Arthur Grenfell Wauchope
High Commissioner and Commander-in-chief
(1932–1938)
Bendera Negara Palestina Sir Harold MacMichael
High Commissioner
(1938–1944)
Flag of the British Army.svg Lt.-General John Dill
GOC (1936–37)
Flag of the British Army.svg Lt.-General Archibald Wavell
GOC (1937–38)
Flag of the British Army.svg Lt.-General Robert Haining
GOC (1938–39)
Flag of the British Army.svg Major-General Bernard Montgomery
Commander, 8th Infantry Div., 1938–39
Air Force Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Air Commodore Roderic Hill
AOC, Palestine and Transjordan
(1936–1938)
Air Force Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Air Commodore Arthur Harris
AOC, Palestine and Transjordan
(1938–1939)
Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Admiral Dudley Pound
Commander-in-Chief, British Mediterranean Fleet
(1936–1939)


Eliyahu Golomb Haganah Commander
'Abd al-Rahim al-Hajj Muhammad
("Abu Kamal"), commander-in-chief 
Fawzi al-Qawuqji (expelled)
Hasan Salama
Mohammad Amin al-Husayni (exiled)
Raghib al-Nashashibi (defected)
Abdul Khallik 
Yusuf Said Abu Durra (executed)
Yusuf Hamdan 
Fakhri 'Abd al-Hadi (defected)
Aref Abdul Razzik
Mohammad Mahmoud Rana'an
Hamid Suleiman Mardawi 
Mustafa Osta 
Farhan al-Sa'di (executed)
Abd al-Qadir al-Husayni (exiled)
Ahmad Mahmoud Hasan ("Abu Bakr")
Ibrahim Nassar
Mohammed Saleh Al Hamad 
Abu Ibrahim al-Kabir
Wasif Kamal
Issa Battat 
Kekuatan
25,000[1] to 50,000[2] British soldiers
20,000 Jewish policemen, supernumeraries and settlement guards[3]
15,000 Haganah fighters[4]
2,883 Palestine Police Force, all ranks (1936)[5]
2,000 Irgun militants[6]
1,000 – 3,000 in 1936–37
between 2,500 and 7,500 in 1938
(plus an additional 6,000 to 15,000 part-timers)[7]
Korban
British Security Forces:
262 killed
c. 550 wounded[8]
Jews:
c. 300 killed[9]
4 executed[8]
Arabs:
c. 5,000 killed[1]
c. 15,000 wounded[1]
108 executed[8]
12,622 detained[8]
5 exiled[8]

Pemberontakan Arab di Palestina 1936-1939 adalah pemberontakan bangsa Arab melawan kekuasaan kolonial Britania dan imigrasi besar-besaran orang Yahudi di Palestina.[10]

Menurut data dari Britania, tentara dan polisi Britania membunuh sekitar 2.000 orang Arab dalam pertempuran, 108 orang digantung, dan 961 orang dibunuh karena "aktivitas teroris". Meskipun pemberontakan gagal, akibat dari pemberontakan ini memengaruhi hasil dari perang Palestina 1948.[11]

Catatan kaki[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ a b c Hughes, M. (2009) The banality of brutality: British armed forces and the repression of the Arab Revolt in Palestine, 1936–39, English Historical Review Vol. CXXIV No. 507, 314–354.
  2. ^ Black, 2006, p. 128.
  3. ^ Swedenberg, 2003, p. 220.
  4. ^ Kimmerling & Migdal, 2003, p. 103.
  5. ^ Millman, 1998, p. 22.
  6. ^ Bowyer Bell, 1996, p. 44.
  7. ^ Morris, 1999, p. 145.
  8. ^ a b c d e Levenberg, 1993, pp. 74–76.
  9. ^ Morris, 1999, pp.159–160.
  10. ^ Morris, 1999, hal. 136.
  11. ^ Morris, 1999, hal.159.

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