Pemberontakan Alpujarra (1568–71)

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Pemberontakan Alpujarras 1568–71, terkadang disebut Perang Alpujarras atau Pemberontakan Morisko, adalah pemberontakan kedua melawan Takhta Kastilia di kawasan pegunungan Alpujarra. Para pemberontak adalah Morisko, para keturunan Katolik dari Mudéjares (Muslim di bawah kekuasaan Kastilia) setelah pemberontakan Alpujarras (1499–1501).

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There are three well-known contemporary chroniclers, each of whom participated in the campaign of 1568-71:

  • MÁRMOL CARVAJAL, Luis del: Historia del [sic] Rebelión y Castigo de los Moriscos de Reino de Granada. Written shortly after the war but not published till 1600. Covers the whole campaign, though he personally did not observe it all and was not even present in the early stage (his role was that of managing supplies to the army). This huge book is best accessed in the equally monumental work by Javier CASTILLO FERNANDEZ: Entre Granada y el Magreb - Vida y obra de cronista Luis del Mármol Carvajal (1524-1600). University of Granada, 2016.
  • PÉRES DE HITA, Ginés: Guerras Civiles de Granada is less complete, first published in two parts, 1570 and 1595. Various recent editions are available in English.
  • HURTADO DE MENDOZA, Diego: Guerra de Granada, published posthumously in 1627. Available on Google Books.

Subsequent writings on the Morisco rebellions derive from these three primary sources, especially Mármol. Another contemporary work, much less well-known, is:

  • MONDÉJAR, Marqués de: Memorial. Addressed to Philip II, this must have been written soon after the first stage of the war, when the Marqués commanded the Spanish army, but it only appeared in 1878 in a French volume compiled by Alfred Morel-Fatio. Now an e-book from Open Library.

There is unfortunately no contemporary account of the war in the Alpujarras from the Moorish side.

SUBSEQUENT WORKS IN SPANISH:

  • CARO BAROJA, Julio: Los Moriscos de Reino de Granada (5th edn. 2000). ISBN 84-7090-076-5.
  • DOMINGUEZ ORTIZ, Antonio, and VINCENT, Bernard: Historia de los Moriscos; vida y tragedia de una minoría (1993). ISBN 84-206-2415-2.
  • GARCÍA DE CORTÁZAR, Fernando: Atlas de Historia de España (2012). ISBN 978-84-0800-539-1.
  • GALÁN SANCHEZ, Angel, and PEINANDO SANTAELLA: Hacienda regia y población en el Reino de Granada—La geografía morisca a comenzios del siglo XVI (1997).
  • FALCONES, Ildefonso: La Mano de Fatima (2011—ISBN 978-84-9908-691-0); English text The Hand of Fatima (2011). A historical novel which for the 1568-71 rebellion is closely based on the original sources cited above. ISBN 978-0-552-77646-2.
  • KAMEN, Henry: La Inquisición Española – una revisión histórica (3rd edn. 2011) (also available in English – 4th edn. 1999). ISBN 978-84-9892-198-4.
  • SÁNCHEZ RAMOS, Valeriano: "La guerra de las Alpujarras (1568-1570)" in Historia del Reino de Granada vol. II "La época morisca y la repoblación (1502-1630), ed. Manuel Barrios Aguilera (2000).
  • VINCENT, Bernard: Sierra Nevada y su entorno (University of Granada, 1988).

WORKS IN ENGLISH

  • FLETCHER, Richard: Moorish Spain (1992, new edition 2001). ISBN 978-1-8421-2605-9.
  • FLORIAN, M.: A History of the Moors in Spain (French original around 1790, English translation of 1840 available in several e-book formats).
  • HARVEY, L.P.: Islamic Spain, 1250 to 1500 (1990), and Muslims in Spain, 1500 to 1614; takes into account many original sources, both Spanish and Arabic; ISBN 0-226-31962-8 and 0-226-31963-6. Harvey also contributed a chapter to The Legacy of Moorish Spain (see below) entitled "The political, social and cultural history of the Moriscos".
  • JAYYUSI, Salma Ishedra (editor): The Legacy of Moorish Spain (1992). A huge volume (1088 pages) consisting of essays by experts in various fields. Two of the contributors besides the editor are Arabs: an article on 'The political history of Al-Andalus' is written by Mahmoud MAKKI, a professor at Cairo University – and several of the other authors clearly know Arabic.
  • KAMEN, Henry: "Vicissitudes of a World Power, 1500-1700", in Spain—A History, ed. Raymond Carr (2000). ISBN 978-0198-206-194.
  • LEA, Henry Charles: The Moriscos of Spain (1901) . A pioneering work, carefully documented from original Spanish sources. Republished 2001 by Goodword Books, New Delhi; also now from Internet Archive.
  • SMITH, Colin, MELVILLE, Charles and UBAYDLI, Ahmad: Christians and Moors in Spain (1988–92). A three-volume work, consisting of extracts from original sources in Latin, Spanish and Arabic, with comments by the editors. All are valuable, the third – on Arab sources – particularly so. ISBN 0-85668-410-4, 447-3, 449-X.
  • TRACY, Michael: Bubión – The story of an Alpujarran village (2nd edn. 2015), uses local sources to illustrate the experiences of a typical village in the Morisco revolt, its subsequent capture by Christian forces and repopulation by Christian settlers. ISBN 978-2-930590-05-9.