Pandangan Syi'ah mengenai Al-Qur'an

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Pandangan Syi'ah mengenai Al-Qur'an memiliki pandangan yang banyak berbeda dengan pandangan Sunni, tetapi teks (naskah) Al-Qur'an tidak berbeda (persis). Terdapat perbedaan pendapat tentang Al-Qur'an bahwa Syi'ah memperselisihkan keabsahan Al-Qur'an menurut penyusunan Utsmaniyah,[1] Sejak abad ke-10, hanya satu dati total tujuh sarjana Syī‘ah yang mempercayai bahwa terdapat penghilangan naskah dalam penyusunan Utsmani.[2]

Sejarah[sunting | sunting sumber]

Syī‘ah menggunakan memfungsikan Al-Qur'an sama dengan Sunni, tetapi mereka tidak percaya bahwa Al-Qur'an pertama kali disusun oleh Utsman bin Affan.[3] Syi'ah percaya bahwa Qur'an telah dikumpulkan dan dilengkapi oleh Nabi Muhammad selama masa hidupnya.[4][5][6]

Sarjana Syi'ah yang mendukung adanya penyimpangan Al-Qur'an[sunting | sunting sumber]

Perbedaan pandangan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Terdapat beberapa kesalahpahaman dan tuduhan yang sering diperdebatkan tentang Syiah terkait keyakinan mereka, seperti Muhibb-ud-Deen Al-Khatib,[12] mengklaim bahwa Syiah membantah versi saat ini, termasuk bahwa mereka menambahkan dua sūrah tambahan, Surah al-Wilayah dan al-Nurain.[13]

Lihat pula[sunting | sunting sumber]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "Shīʿism and the Qurʾān". Encyclopaedia of the Qur'an. Leiden: Brill Publishers. 2004. 
  2. ^ Modarressi, Hossein (1993). "Early Debates on the Integrity of the Qur'ān: A Brief Survey". Studia Islamica (77): 5–39. doi:10.2307/1595789. JSTOR 1595789. 
  3. ^ Shirazi, Muhammad (2004). The Qur'an made simple. 10. London,UK: Fountain Books. hlm. xxiv. 
  4. ^ Shirazi, Muhammad (2001). The Qur'an - When was it compiled?. London,UK: Fountain Books. hlm. 5, 7. 
  5. ^ Shirazi, Muhammad (2004). The Qur'an made simple. 10. London,UK: Fountain Books. hlm. xxi, xxiv, xxv. 
  6. ^ Shirazi, Muhammad (2008). The Shi'a and their Beliefs. London,UK: Fountain Books. hlm. 29. 
  7. ^ Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-Sayyari (2009). Kohlberg, Etan; Amir-Moezzi, Mohammad Ali, ed. "Revelation and Falsification: The Kitab al-qira'at of Ahmad b. Muhammad al-Sayyari: Critical Edition with an Introduction and Notes by Etan Kohlberg and Mohammad Ali Amir-Moezzi" (PDF). Texts and studies on the Qurʼān. BRILL. 4: 7 (Preface and Acknowledgements). ISSN 1567-2808. 
  8. ^ a b Abdolkarim Soroush (2009). The Expansion of Prophetic Experience: Essays on Historicity, Contingency and Plurality in Religion. BRILL. hlm. 145. ISBN 9789047424369. 
  9. ^ Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-Sayyari (2009). Kohlberg, Etan; Amir-Moezzi, Mohammad Ali, ed. "Revelation and Falsification: The Kitab al-qira'at of Ahmad b. Muhammad al-Sayyari: Critical Edition with an Introduction and Notes by Etan Kohlberg and Mohammad Ali Amir-Moezzi" (PDF). Texts and studies on the Qurʼān. BRILL. 4: 27. ISSN 1567-2808. 
  10. ^ Robert Gleave (2000). Inevitable Doubt: Two Theories of Shīʻī Jurisprudence. BRILL. hlm. 64–5. ISBN 9789004115958. 
  11. ^ Rainer Brünner (2004). Islamic Ecumenism In The 20th Century: The Azhar And Shiism Between Rapprochement And Restraint (edisi ke-revised). BRILL. hlm. 336. ISBN 9789004125483. The Sunni reproach that the Shiites believe in another, i.e. falsified, Koran was already encountered in the heresiographic literature of the twentieth century and was emphatically denied by the Shia, whereas the Shiite defenders of a tahrif theory such as al-Tabrisi or his student Agha Bozorg al-Tehrani always remained in the minority. 
  12. ^ Hassan Rezaee Haftador; Fath Allah NajarZadegan (July 2013). "An Investigation into the Earliest Historical Evidence on the Alleged Shia Forgery of Surahs Nurayn and Wilayat". European Journal of Scientific Research. 106 (2): 230. ISSN 1450-216X. Another consequence of this false allegation against the Shia is that some radical Salafis, such as Muhibb al-Din al-Khatib, contend that Shias have two Qur’ans: there is the standard Qur’an, which they pretend to venerate so as to be accepted by other Muslims, and there is the peculiar Shia version of the Qur’an, which contains the false chapter regarding the virtues of Ali and which they hide from other Muslims (al-Khatib, 1999). 
  13. ^ "Shi'i Qur'an". bahai-library.com.