Kerajaan Herodes

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Kerajaan Herodes Yudea
Negara Klien Republik Romawi
37 SM–4 SM


Lambang

Judea under Herod the Great
Ibu kota Yerusalem
Bahasa Yunani Koine, Aram, Latin, Ibrani
Agama Yudaisme Bait Allah Kedua
Samarianisme
Kultus Kekaisaran
Bentuk pemerintahan Otokrasi
Raja
 -  37 SM - 4 SM Herodes Agung
Era sejarah Zaman Augustan
 -  Penaklukan Kerajaan Hasmonea 37 SM
 -  Pembentukan Tetrarki (Yudea) 4 SM
Mata uang Koin logam Herodes
Pendahulu
Pengganti
Kerajaan Hasmonea
Tetrarki Herodes

Kerajaan Herodes dari Yudea[1][2] adalah sebuah negara klien Republik Romawi dari 37 SM, saat Herodes Agung diangkat menjadi "Raja Yahudi" oleh Senat Romawi.[3] Saat Herodes wafat pada 4 SM, kerajaan tersebut dibagi diantara para putranya dalam Tetrarki Herodes.

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ History of the Christian tradition (Vol. 1), Thomas D. McGonigle; James F. Quigley, Paulist Press, 1988 p. 39
  2. ^ Samuel Rocca (30 March 2015). Herod's Judaea: A Mediterranean State in the Classic World. Wipf and Stock Publishers. ISBN 978-1-4982-2454-3. 
  3. ^ Jewish War 1.14.4: Mark Antony " ...then resolved to get him made king of the Jews ... told them that it was for their advantage in the Parthian war that Herod should be king; so they all gave their votes for it. And when the senate was separated, Antony and Caesar went out, with Herod between them; while the consul and the rest of the magistrates went before them, in order to offer sacrifices [to the Roman gods], and to lay the decree in the Capitol. Antony also made a feast for Herod on the first day of his reign."