|Lahir||29 Oktober 1791|
|Meninggal||29 Juli 1868 (umur 76)|
|Dikenal atas||Mesmerisme, Frenologi, The Zoist, memperkenalkan stetoskop di Britania Raya|
John Elliotson (29 Oktober 1791 – 29 Juli 1868), M.D. (Edinburgh, 1810), M.R.C.P. (London, 1810), M.B. (Oxford, 1816), M.D. (Oxford, 1821), F.R.C.P. (London, 1822), F.R.S. (1829) adalah seorang profesor prinsip dan praktik pengobatan di University College London (1832), dan dokter senior di University College Hospital (1834).
Serba-serbi[sunting | sunting sumber]
Ia merupakan antagonis utama dalam permainan Assassin's Creed: Syndicate, yang menampilkan eksperimen-eksperimen brutal dan fatal
Media Eksternal[sunting | sunting sumber]
- Professor John Elliotson appears as an antagonist in the video game Assassin's Creed Syndicate.
- Student Record for John Elliotson -- University of Edinburgh, Centre for Research Collections, Individual Records, Students of Medicine (1762–1826)
- Elliotson’s (1810) M.D. graduation record: "Jo. Elliotson, Anglus. De inflammation" ("John Elliotson, England. [Title of inaugural dissertation]: Inflammation") – University of Edinburgh (1867), p.42.
- Elliotson's entry in the first edition of the British Medical Directory (1853)—The Lancet (1853)
- Elliotson's (greatly diminished in size) entry in the second edition of the British Medical Directory (1854)—The Lancet (1854)
- Elliotson's entry in the first edition of The Medical Register (1860)—The General Medical Council (1859)
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- Elliotson's doctoral dissertation "On Inflammation", was self-published in Edinburgh in 1810: see Elliotson, Joannes, Dissertatio medica inauguralis de inflammatione communi, Abernathy & Walker, (Edinburgh), 1810.
- This entry verifies that Elliotson was registered (as of 1 January 1859, the first day of the registration system) as a practitioner under the Medical Act 1858 (an Act to Regulate the Qualifications of Practitioners in Medicine and Surgery), which took effect on 1 October 1858: the Act's official date of commencement.
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- 1817: Elliotson, J. (trans.), Blumenbach, J.F., The Institutions of Physiology (Institutiones Physiologicæ.
- 1820: Elliotson, J., Numerous Cases Illustrative of the Efficacy of the Hydrocyanic Or Prussic Prussic Acid in Affections of the Stomach., etc., Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown, (London), 1820.
- 1827: Elliotson, J., "The Use of the Sulphate of Copper in Chronic Diarrhoea, to which are added some Observations on the use of Acupuncture in Rheumatism", Medico-Chirurgical Transactions, Vol.13, Part 2, (1827), pp.451-468.
- 1830: Elliotson, J., On the Recent Improvements in the Art of Distinguishing the Various Diseases of the Heart, etc., Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, and Green, (London), 1830.
- 1832: Elliotson, J., "Acupuncture", pp.32-34 in Forbes, J., Tweedie, A. & Conolly, J. (eds), The Cyclopædia of Practical Medicine: Comprising Treatises on the Nature and Treatment of Diseases, Materia Medica and Therapeutics, Medical Jurisprudence, etc. etc., Volume I (Abd-Ele), Sherwood, Gilbert, and Piper, (London), 1832.
- 1835: Elliotson, J., Human Physiology, Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, Green & Longman, (London), 1835.
- 1839: Elliotson, J. and Rogers, N., The Principles and Practice of Medicine, etc., Joseph Butler, (London), 1839.
- 1843: Elliotson, J., Numerous Cases of Surgical Operations without Pain in the Mesmeric state, with Remarks upon the Opposition of many Members of the Royal Medical and Chirurgical Society and others to the Reception of the Inestimable Blessings of Mesmerism, H. Ballière, (London), 1843.
- 1843: Engledue, W.C., Cerebral Physiology and Materialism, with the Result of the Application of Animal Magnetism to the Cerebral Organs: An Address delivered to the Phrenological Association in London, June 20, 1842, by W. C. Engledue, M.D.; With a Letter from Dr Elliotson, On Mesmeric Phrenology and Materialism, J. Watson, (London), 1843.
- 1844: Elliotson, J, "Case of Epilepsy Cured by Mesmerism", The Zoist: A Journal of Cerebral Physiology & Mesmerism, and Their Applications to Human Welfare, Vol.2, No.6, (July 1844), pp.194-238.
- 1846: Elliotson, J., The Harveian Oration, Delivered before the Royal College of Physicians, London 1846, by John Elliotson, M.D. Cantab. F.R.S., Fellow of the College, With an English Version and Notes, (1846).
- 1855: Elliotson, J., "An Instance of Sleep and Cure by Imagination only", The Zoist: A Journal of Cerebral Physiology & Mesmerism, and Their Applications to Human Welfare, Vol.12, No.48, (January 1855), pp.396-403.
Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]
- Anon, "Elliotson, John (1791-1868)", Encyclopædia Britannica (Eleventh Edition), Vol.IX, Cambridge, (1910), p.291.
- Anon, "The Elliotson Legend", The British Medical Journal, Vol.2, No.2654, (11 November 1911), pp.1313-1314.
- Clarke, J.F., "A Strange Chapter in the History of Medicine", pp.155-169 in , Clarke, J.F., Autobiographical Recollections of the Medical Profession, J. & A. Churchill, (London,), 1874.
- Collyer, R.H., Psychography, or, The Embodiment of Thought: With an Analysis of Phreno-magnetism, "Neurology", and Mental Hallucination, Including Rules to Govern and Produce the Magnetic State, Zeiber & Co., (Philadelphia), 1843.
- Cooter, R J., "Phrenology and British Alienists, c.1825-1845, Part I: Converts to a Doctrine", Medical History, Vol. 20, No.1, (January 1976), pp. 1–21. doi=10.1017/S0025727300021761
- Cooter, R J., "Phrenology and British Alienists, c.1825-1845, Part II: Doctrine and Practice", Medical History, Vol.20, No.2, (April 1976), pp. 135–151. doi=10.1017/S0025727300022195
- Cooter, R.J., The Cultural Meaning of Popular Science: Phrenology and the Organization of Consent in Nineteenth-Century Britain, Cambridge University Press, (Cambridge), 1984.
- Gauld, A., A History of Hypnotism, Cambridge University Press, (Cambridge), 1992
- Gauld, A., "Elliotson, John (1791-1868)", pp. 192–193 in Matthew, H.C.G. & Harrison, B.H. (eds.), Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: In Association with the British Academy: from the Earliest Times to the Year 2000, Oxford University Press, (Oxford), 2004.
- Godwin, J., The Theosophical Enlightenment, State University of New York Press, (Albany), 1994.
- James, C.D., "Mesmerism: a Prelude to Anaesthesia", Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine, Vol.68, No.7, (July 1975), pp.446-447.
- Kaplan, F., John Elliotson on Mesmerism, Da Capo Press, (New York), 1982.
- "Mesmeric Amputation", Medico-Chirurgical Review, and Journal of Practical Medicine, No.75, (1 January 1843), pp.280-282.
- Ridgway, E.S., "John Elliotson (1791-1868): A Bitter Enemy of Legitimate Medicine? Part I: Earlier Years and the Introduction to Mesmerism", Journal of Medical Biography, Vol.1, No.4, (November 1993), pp. 191–198.
- Ridgway, E.S., "John Elliotson (1791-1868): A Bitter Enemy of Legitimate Medicine? Part II: The Mesmeric Scandal and Later Years", Journal of Medical Biography, Vol.2, No.1, (February 1994), pp. 1–7.
- Rosen, G., "John Elliotson: Physician and Hypnotist", Bulletin of the Institute of the History of Medicine, Vol.4, (1936), pp. 600–603.
- Rosen, G., "Mesmerism and Surgery: A Strange Chapter in the History of Anesthesia", Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences, Vol.1, No.4, (October 1946), pp. 527-550. doi=10.1093/jhmas/1.4.527
- Ruth, J., "'Gross Humbug' or 'The Language of Truth'? The Case of the Zoist", Victorian Periodicals Review, Vol.32, No.4, (Winter 1999), pp. 299–323.
- Schneck, J.M., "John Elliotson, William Makepeace Thackeray, and Doctor Goodenough", International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, Vol.11, No.2, (April 1963), p. 122-130. doi=10.1080/00207146308409236
- Topham, W. & Ward, W.S., Account of a Case of Successful Amputation of the Thigh, During the Mesmeric State, Without the Knowledge of the Patient. Read to the Royal Medical and Chirurgical Society of London on Tuesday 22nd November, 1842, H. Baillière, (London), 1842.
- Wheeler, J.M., "Elliotson (John, M.D., FRS)", pp.120-121 in Wheeler, J.M., A Biographical Dictionary of Freethinkers of All Ages and Nations, Progressive Publishing Company, (London), 1889.
- Winter, A., Mesmerized: Powers of Mind in Victorian Britain, The University of Chicago Press, (Chicago), 1998.