Billie Jean

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"Billie Jean"
Singel oleh Michael Jackson
dari album Thriller
Sisi-B
Dirilis 2 Januari 1983 (1983-1-2)
Format
Direkam 1982
Genre
Panjang 4:54
Label Epic
Pencipta Michael Jackson
Produser
Kronologi singel Michael Jackson
"The Girl Is Mine"
(1982)
"Billie Jean"
(1983)
"Beat It"
(1983)

"Billie Jean" adalah sebuah singel penyanyi Amerika Michael Jackson dari album Thriller. Singel ini memadukan genre post-disco,[1][2][3] R & B,[4][5] funk,dan pop dansa. Ditulis, disusun dan diproduseri oleh Michael dengan bantuan Quincy Jones, singel ini meraih kesuksesan secara global[6] serta menjadi salah satu singel terlaris pada tahun 1983.[7] Gerakan khas Moonwalk pertama kali diperkenalkan Michael Jackson ketika sedang bernyanyi Billie Jean pada acara Motown 25: Yesterday, Today, Forever.[8][9]

Billie Jean dijadikan sebagai singel cover oleh banyak penyanyi yang mendatangkan pengakuan pada Michael Jackson sebagai musisi pop dunia.[10][11][12] Lagu ini meraih berbagai penghargaan termasuk dua Grammy Award dan satu American Music Award.

Tangga musik[sunting | sunting sumber]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "Post-Disco". AllMusic. All Media Network. 
  2. ^ Makinde, Adeyinka (2009). "The Legacy of Michael Jackson". Black-history-month.co.uk. the song ‘Billie Jean’, presents rhythm and blues in a post-disco dance form. 
  3. ^ "The Year in Music – 1983". Eightiesclub.tripod.com. On the dance floor, David Bowie's "Let's Dance" and Michael Jackson's "Billie Jean" defined the post-disco beat. 
  4. ^ Wadhams 2001, hlmn. 418–422.
  5. ^ Ripani, Richard J. (2006). The New Blue Music: Changes in Rhythm & Blues, 1950–1999. University Press of Mississippi. p. 146. ISBN 1-57806-862-2. 
  6. ^ Taraborrelli 2004, hlm. 222.
  7. ^ Halstead 2007, hlmn. 37–38.
  8. ^ Halstead 2007, hlmn. 38–40.
  9. ^ "Top Rock TV Moment A Really Big Show". CBS News. 
  10. ^ "swedishcharts.com – Linx – Billie Jean (Got Soul)". Swedishcharts.com. Hung Medien. 
  11. ^ "Brown's Thriller killer!". NME. 
  12. ^ Harris, Chris. "Chris Cornell Tackles Gospel – And Michael Jackson? – On Solo LP". MTV. Viacom. 
  13. ^ Kent, David (2003). Australian Chart Book 1970-1992. St Ives, N.S.W.: Australian Chart Book. ISBN 0-646-11917-6. 
  14. ^ a b "Austriancharts.at – Michael Jackson – Billie Jean" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. Retrieved July 16, 2013.
  15. ^ "Ultratop.be – Michael Jackson – Billie Jean" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50. Retrieved July 16, 2013.
  16. ^ "Radio 2 Top 30 : 12 maart 1983" (dalam bahasa Belanda). Top 30. Diakses tanggal 17 January 2014. 
  17. ^ CHART NUMBER 1366 – Saturday, March 19, 1983 di Wayback Machine (diarsipkan November 7, 2006). CHUM. Retrieved January 13, 2014.
  18. ^ MusicSeek.info – UK, Eurochart, Billboard & Cashbox No.1 Hits di Wayback Machine (diarsipkan Juni 14, 2006). MusicSeek.info. Retrieved July 31, 2014.
  19. ^ a b Halstead & Cadman 2003, hlm. 26.
  20. ^ "Toutes les Chansons N° 1 des Années 80" (dalam bahasa Prancis). InfoDisc. Diakses tanggal June 2, 2013. 
  21. ^ "SINGOLI – I NUMERI UNO (1959-2006) (parte 3: 1980-1990)" (dalam bahasa Italia). It-charts.150m.com. Diakses tanggal July 13, 2013. 
  22. ^ a b "Nederlandse Top 40 – Michael Jackson - Billie Jean search results" (in Dutch) Dutch Top 40. Retrieved July 16, 2013.
  23. ^ a b c "Dutchcharts.nl – Michael Jackson – Billie Jean" (in Dutch). Single Top 100. Retrieved July 16, 2013.
  24. ^ a b "Charts.org.nz – Michael Jackson – Billie Jean". Top 40 Singles. Retrieved July 16, 2013.
  25. ^ a b c "Norwegiancharts.com – Michael Jackson – Billie Jean". VG-lista. Retrieved July 16, 2013.
  26. ^ "BILLIE JEAN – Michael Jackson publisher= LP3" (dalam bahasa Polski). Diakses tanggal January 13, 2014. 
  27. ^ "South African Rock Lists Website SA Charts 1969 – 1989 Acts (J)". Rock.co.za. Diakses tanggal May 31, 2013. 
  28. ^ Salaverri, Fernando (September 2005). Sólo éxitos: año a año, 1959–2002 (dalam bahasa Spanyol) (1st ed.). Spain: Fundación Autor-SGAE. ISBN 84-8048-639-2. 
  29. ^ a b "Swedishcharts.com – Michael Jackson – Billie Jean". Singles Top 100. Retrieved July 16, 2013.
  30. ^ a b c "Swisscharts.com – Michael Jackson – Billie Jean". Swiss Singles Chart. Retrieved July 16, 2013.
  31. ^ "Archive Chart: 1983-03-05" UK Singles Chart. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  32. ^ a b c d "Thriller – Awards". AllMusic. All Media Network. Diakses tanggal May 31, 2013. 
  33. ^ CASH BOX Top 100 Singles – Week ending MARCH 12, 1983 di Wayback Machine (diarsipkan September 11, 2012). Cash Box magazine. Retrieved January 17, 2014.
  34. ^ "Lescharts.com – Michael Jackson – Billie Jean" (in French). Les classement single. Retrieved July 16, 2013.
  35. ^ a b "Italiancharts.com – Michael Jackson – Billie Jean". Top Digital Download. Retrieved July 16, 2013.
  36. ^ a b "Spanishcharts.com – Michael Jackson – Billie Jean" Canciones Top 50. Retrieved July 16, 2013.
  37. ^ "Archive Chart: 2006-03-18" UK Singles Chart. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  38. ^ "Australian-charts.com – Michael Jackson – Billie Jean". ARIA Top 50 Singles. Retrieved July 16, 2013.
  39. ^ "50 Back Catalogue Singles – 25/07/2009". Ultratop. Hung Medien. Diakses tanggal July 16, 2013. 
  40. ^ "Danishcharts.com – Michael Jackson – Billie Jean". Tracklisten. Retrieved July 16, 2013.
  41. ^ European Top 50 Singles – compiled by Europarade – Week Ending 18.07.09 di Wayback Machine (diarsipkan Juli 14, 2014). Worldcharts.co.uk. Retrieved July 31, 2014.
  42. ^ "Michael Jackson: Billie Jean" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland. Retrieved July 16, 2013.
  43. ^ "lescharts.com – Les charts français" (in French). Les classement de telechargement single. Retrieved February 20, 2014.
  44. ^ "Billboard Türkiye Top 20". Billboard Türkiye (dalam bahasa Turki). July 6, 2009. Diakses tanggal March 9, 2010. 
  45. ^ "Archive Chart: 2009-07-11" UK Singles Chart. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  46. ^ "Digital Songs: Week of July 11, 2009". Billboard. Diakses tanggal March 9, 2010. 
  47. ^ "Forum - ARIA Charts: Special Occasion Charts – Top 100 End of Year AMR Charts – 1980s". Australian-charts.com. Hung Medien. Diakses tanggal January 17, 2014. 
  48. ^ "Jahreshitparade 1983" (dalam bahasa Jerman). Austriancharts.at. Hung Medien. Diakses tanggal January 17, 2014. 
  49. ^ "Jaaroverzichten 1983" (dalam bahasa Belanda). Ultratop. Hung Medien. Diakses tanggal January 17, 2014. 
  50. ^ "Top Singles – Volume 39, No. 17, December 24, 1983". RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Diakses tanggal January 17, 2014. 
  51. ^ "TOP – 1983" (dalam bahasa Prancis). Top-france.fr. Diakses tanggal January 17, 2014. 
  52. ^ "I singoli più venduti del 1983" (dalam bahasa Italia). Hit Parade Italia. Creative Commons. Diakses tanggal July 13, 2013. 
  53. ^ "Single Top 100 1983" (PDF) (dalam bahasa Belanda). Dutch Top 40. Diakses tanggal January 17, 2014. 
  54. ^ "Top 20 Hit Singles of 1983". Rock.co.za. Diakses tanggal January 17, 2014. 
  55. ^ "Schweizer Jahreshitparade 1983" (dalam bahasa Jerman). Hitparade.ch. Hung Medien. Diakses tanggal January 17, 2014. 
  56. ^ "Top 100 Hits for 1983". The Longbored Surfer. Diakses tanggal January 13, 2014. 
  57. ^ Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs – 1983 di Wayback Machine (diarsipkan Oktober 20, 2006). Billboard. Retrieved January 17, 2014.
  58. ^ The CASH BOX Year-End Charts: 1983 di Wayback Machine (diarsipkan September 11, 2012). Cash Box magazine. Retrieved January 17, 2014.
  59. ^ "I singoli più venduti del 2009" (dalam bahasa Italia). Hit Parade Italia. Creative Commons. Diakses tanggal January 17, 2014. 
  60. ^ "Top 40 – Jaaroverzicht 2009" (PDF) (dalam bahasa Belanda). Dutch Top 40. Diakses tanggal January 17, 2014. 
  61. ^ "Jaaroverzichten – Single 1983" (dalam bahasa Belanda). Single Top 100. Hung Medien. Diakses tanggal January 17, 2014. 
  62. ^ "Schweizer Jahreshitparade 2009" (dalam bahasa Jerman). Hitparade.ch. Diakses tanggal January 17, 2014. 
  63. ^ "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2009 Singles". Australian Recording Industry Association. 
  64. ^ "Sertifikasi Canadian single – Michael Jackson – Billie Jean". Music Canada. 
  65. ^ "Sertifikasi French single – Michael Jackson – Billie Jean" (dalam bahasa french). InfoDisc.  Select MICHAEL JACKSON and click OK
  66. ^ "Les Singles de Platine" (dalam bahasa Prancis). InfoDisc. 
  67. ^ "Sertifikasi Italian single – Michael Jackson – Billie Jean" (PDF) (dalam bahasa italian). Federation of the Italian Music Industry. 
  68. ^ "Certificaciones 2015" (dalam bahasa Spanyol). Asociación Mexicana de Productores de Fonogramas y Videogramas. 2015. 
  69. ^ "Sertifikasi New Zealand single – Michael Jackson – Billie Jean". Recording Industry Association of New Zealand. 
  70. ^ "Sertifikasi British single – Michael Jackson – Billie Jean". British Phonographic Industry.  Enter Billie Jean in the field Search. Select Title in the field Search by. Select single in the field By Format. Click Go
  71. ^ Myers, Justin. "Official Charts Quiz: Who sold more?". Official Charts Company. 

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