Billie Jean

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"Billie Jean"
Lagu oleh Michael Jackson
dari album Thriller
Sisi-B
Dirilis2 Januari 1983 (1983-1-2)
Format
Direkam1982
Genre
Durasi4:54
LabelEpic
PenciptaMichael Jackson
Produser

"Billie Jean" adalah sebuah singel penyanyi Amerika Michael Jackson dari album Thriller. Singel ini memadukan genre post-disco,[1][2][3] R & B,[4][5] funk,dan pop dansa. Ditulis, disusun dan diproduseri oleh Michael dengan bantuan Quincy Jones, singel ini meraih kesuksesan secara global[6] serta menjadi salah satu singel terlaris pada tahun 1983.[7] Gerakan khas Moonwalk pertama kali diperkenalkan Michael Jackson ketika sedang bernyanyi Billie Jean pada acara Motown 25: Yesterday, Today, Forever.[8][9]

Billie Jean dijadikan sebagai singel cover oleh banyak penyanyi yang mendatangkan pengakuan pada Michael Jackson sebagai musisi pop dunia.[10][11][12] Lagu ini meraih berbagai penghargaan termasuk dua Grammy Award dan satu American Music Award.

Tangga musik[sunting | sunting sumber]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "Post-Disco". AllMusic. All Media Network. 
  2. ^ Makinde, Adeyinka (2009). "The Legacy of Michael Jackson". Black-history-month.co.uk. the song ‘Billie Jean’, presents rhythm and blues in a post-disco dance form. 
  3. ^ "The Year in Music – 1983". Eightiesclub.tripod.com. On the dance floor, David Bowie's "Let's Dance" and Michael Jackson's "Billie Jean" defined the post-disco beat. 
  4. ^ Wadhams 2001, hlm. 418–422.
  5. ^ Ripani, Richard J. (2006). The New Blue Music: Changes in Rhythm & Blues, 1950–1999. University Press of Mississippi. hlm. 146. ISBN 1-57806-862-2. 
  6. ^ Taraborrelli 2004, hlm. 222.
  7. ^ Halstead 2007, hlm. 37–38.
  8. ^ Halstead 2007, hlm. 38–40.
  9. ^ "Top Rock TV Moment A Really Big Show". CBS News. 
  10. ^ "swedishcharts.com – Linx – Billie Jean (Got Soul)". Swedishcharts.com. Hung Medien. 
  11. ^ "Brown's Thriller killer!". NME. 
  12. ^ Harris, Chris. "Chris Cornell Tackles Gospel – And Michael Jackson? – On Solo LP". MTV. Viacom. 
  13. ^ Kent, David (2003). Australian Chart Book 1970-1992. St Ives, N.S.W.: Australian Chart Book. ISBN 0-646-11917-6. 
  14. ^ a b "Austriancharts.at – Michael Jackson – Billie Jean" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. Retrieved July 16, 2013.
  15. ^ "Ultratop.be – Michael Jackson – Billie Jean" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50. Retrieved July 16, 2013.
  16. ^ "Radio 2 Top 30 : 12 maart 1983" (dalam bahasa Belanda). Top 30. Diakses tanggal 17 January 2014. 
  17. ^ CHART NUMBER 1366 – Saturday, March 19, 1983 di www.1050chum.com Galat: URL arsip tidak dikenal (diarsipkan tanggal 20061107202152). CHUM. Retrieved January 13, 2014.
  18. ^ MusicSeek.info – UK, Eurochart, Billboard & Cashbox No.1 Hits di musicseek.info Galat: URL arsip tidak dikenal (diarsipkan tanggal 20060614052149). MusicSeek.info. Retrieved July 31, 2014.
  19. ^ a b Halstead & Cadman 2003, hlm. 26.
  20. ^ "Toutes les Chansons N° 1 des Années 80" (dalam bahasa Prancis). InfoDisc. Diakses tanggal June 2, 2013. 
  21. ^ "SINGOLI – I NUMERI UNO (1959-2006) (parte 3: 1980-1990)" (dalam bahasa Italia). It-charts.150m.com. Diakses tanggal July 13, 2013. 
  22. ^ a b "Nederlandse Top 40 – Michael Jackson - Billie Jean search results" (in Dutch) Dutch Top 40. Retrieved July 16, 2013.
  23. ^ a b c "Dutchcharts.nl – Michael Jackson – Billie Jean" (in Dutch). Single Top 100. Retrieved July 16, 2013.
  24. ^ a b "Charts.org.nz – Michael Jackson – Billie Jean". Top 40 Singles. Retrieved July 16, 2013.
  25. ^ a b c "Norwegiancharts.com – Michael Jackson – Billie Jean". VG-lista. Retrieved July 16, 2013.
  26. ^ "BILLIE JEAN – Michael Jackson publisher= LP3" (dalam bahasa Polski). Diakses tanggal January 13, 2014. 
  27. ^ "South African Rock Lists Website SA Charts 1969 – 1989 Acts (J)". Rock.co.za. Diakses tanggal May 31, 2013. 
  28. ^ Salaverri, Fernando (September 2005). Sólo éxitos: año a año, 1959–2002 (dalam bahasa Spanyol) (edisi ke-1st). Spain: Fundación Autor-SGAE. ISBN 84-8048-639-2. 
  29. ^ a b "Swedishcharts.com – Michael Jackson – Billie Jean". Singles Top 100. Retrieved July 16, 2013.
  30. ^ a b c "Swisscharts.com – Michael Jackson – Billie Jean". Swiss Singles Chart. Retrieved July 16, 2013.
  31. ^ "Archive Chart: 1983-03-05" UK Singles Chart. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  32. ^ a b c d "Thriller – Awards". AllMusic. All Media Network. Diakses tanggal May 31, 2013. 
  33. ^ CASH BOX Top 100 Singles – Week ending MARCH 12, 1983 di cashboxmagazine.com Galat: URL arsip tidak dikenal (diarsipkan tanggal 20120911042553). Cash Box magazine. Retrieved January 17, 2014.
  34. ^ "Lescharts.com – Michael Jackson – Billie Jean" (in French). Les classement single. Retrieved July 16, 2013.
  35. ^ a b "Italiancharts.com – Michael Jackson – Billie Jean". Top Digital Download. Retrieved July 16, 2013.
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  37. ^ "Archive Chart: 2006-03-18" UK Singles Chart. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  38. ^ "Australian-charts.com – Michael Jackson – Billie Jean". ARIA Top 50 Singles. Retrieved July 16, 2013.
  39. ^ "50 Back Catalogue Singles – 25/07/2009". Ultratop. Hung Medien. Diakses tanggal July 16, 2013. 
  40. ^ "Danishcharts.com – Michael Jackson – Billie Jean". Tracklisten. Retrieved July 16, 2013.
  41. ^ European Top 50 Singles – compiled by Europarade – Week Ending 18.07.09 di www.worldcharts.co.uk Galat: URL arsip tidak dikenal (diarsipkan tanggal 20140714204152). Worldcharts.co.uk. Retrieved July 31, 2014.
  42. ^ "Michael Jackson: Billie Jean" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland. Retrieved July 16, 2013.
  43. ^ "lescharts.com – Les charts français" (in French). Les classement de telechargement single. Retrieved February 20, 2014.
  44. ^ "Billboard Türkiye Top 20". Billboard Türkiye (dalam bahasa Turki). July 6, 2009. Diakses tanggal March 9, 2010. 
  45. ^ "Archive Chart: 2009-07-11" UK Singles Chart. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  46. ^ "Digital Songs: Week of July 11, 2009". Billboard. Diakses tanggal March 9, 2010. 
  47. ^ "Forum - ARIA Charts: Special Occasion Charts – Top 100 End of Year AMR Charts – 1980s". Australian-charts.com. Hung Medien. Diakses tanggal January 17, 2014. 
  48. ^ "Jahreshitparade 1983" (dalam bahasa Jerman). Austriancharts.at. Hung Medien. Diakses tanggal January 17, 2014. 
  49. ^ "Jaaroverzichten 1983" (dalam bahasa Belanda). Ultratop. Hung Medien. Diakses tanggal January 17, 2014. 
  50. ^ "Top Singles – Volume 39, No. 17, December 24, 1983". RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Diakses tanggal January 17, 2014. 
  51. ^ "TOP – 1983" (dalam bahasa Prancis). Top-france.fr. Diakses tanggal January 17, 2014. 
  52. ^ "I singoli più venduti del 1983" (dalam bahasa Italia). Hit Parade Italia. Creative Commons. Diakses tanggal July 13, 2013. 
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  54. ^ "Top 20 Hit Singles of 1983". Rock.co.za. Diakses tanggal January 17, 2014. 
  55. ^ "Schweizer Jahreshitparade 1983" (dalam bahasa Jerman). Hitparade.ch. Hung Medien. Diakses tanggal January 17, 2014. 
  56. ^ "Top 100 Hits for 1983". The Longbored Surfer. Diakses tanggal January 13, 2014. 
  57. ^ Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs – 1983 di www.billboard.com Galat: URL arsip tidak dikenal (diarsipkan tanggal 20061020162923). Billboard. Retrieved January 17, 2014.
  58. ^ The CASH BOX Year-End Charts: 1983 di cashboxmagazine.com Galat: URL arsip tidak dikenal (diarsipkan tanggal 20120911042042). Cash Box magazine. Retrieved January 17, 2014.
  59. ^ "I singoli più venduti del 2009" (dalam bahasa Italia). Hit Parade Italia. Creative Commons. Diakses tanggal January 17, 2014. 
  60. ^ "Top 40 – Jaaroverzicht 2009" (PDF) (dalam bahasa Belanda). Dutch Top 40. Diakses tanggal January 17, 2014. 
  61. ^ "Jaaroverzichten – Single 1983" (dalam bahasa Belanda). Single Top 100. Hung Medien. Diakses tanggal January 17, 2014. 
  62. ^ "Schweizer Jahreshitparade 2009" (dalam bahasa Jerman). Hitparade.ch. Diakses tanggal January 17, 2014. 
  63. ^ "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2009 Singles". Australian Recording Industry Association. 
  64. ^ "Sertifikasi Canadian single – Michael Jackson – Billie Jean". Music Canada. 
  65. ^ "Les Singles de Platine" (dalam bahasa Prancis). InfoDisc. 
  66. ^ "Sertifikasi French single – Michael Jackson – Billie Jean" (dalam bahasa French). InfoDisc.  Select MICHAEL JACKSON and click OK
  67. ^ "Sertifikasi Italian single – Michael Jackson – Billie Jean" (PDF) (dalam bahasa Italian). Federation of the Italian Music Industry. 
  68. ^ "Certificaciones 2015" (dalam bahasa Spanyol). Asociación Mexicana de Productores de Fonogramas y Videogramas. 2015. 
  69. ^ "Sertifikasi New Zealand single – Michael Jackson – Billie Jean". Recording Industry Association of New Zealand. 
  70. ^ Myers, Justin. "Official Charts Quiz: Who sold more?". Official Charts Company. 
  71. ^ "Sertifikasi British single – Michael Jackson – Billie Jean". British Phonographic Industry.  Enter Billie Jean in the field Search. Select Title in the field Search by. Select single in the field By Format. Click Go

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