Bermuda Bowl

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Bermuda Bowl adalah istilah untuk kejadian dunia tim dalam olahraga bridge. Nama ini diberikan menurut tempat pertama kejuaraan ini diselenggarakan di Bermuda, pada 1950.

Pertandingan ini dimulai sebagai kompetisi antara AS, Eropa dan Britania. Pertandingan pertama pada 1950 itu dimenangi oleh AS. Setelah itu, Bermuda Bowl menjadi acara tahunan antara juara-juara AS dan Eropa. Setelah beberapa waktu, formatnya berubah beberapa kali dan semakin banyak tim yang ikut bertanding.

Saat ini Bermuda Bowl diselenggarakan dua tahun sekali dengan 22 tim yang ikut serta: 7 dari Eropa, 3 dari Amerika Utara, 2 Amerika Selatan, 5 dari Asia, 2 dari Afrika, 1 dari Amerika Tengah dan 2 dari Oseania. Piala Venezia dan Seniors Bowl diselenggarakan pada tempat yang sama dengan format yang serupa.

Kejuaraan 2005 diadakan di Estoril di Portugal dan dimenangi oleh Italia sementara AS 1 menempati tempat kedua dan AS 2 ketiga. Tim Italia yang menang terdiri atas: Norberto Bocchi, Giorgio Duboin, Fulvio Fantoni, Lorenzo Lauria, Claudio Nunes, Alfredo Versace. Kapten tak bermain: Maria Teresa Lavazza. Pelatih: Massimo Ortensi.

Pertandingan-pertandingan yang lalu:

Tahun Tempat Jumlah tim Pemenang/Juara II
1950 Hamilton, Bermuda 3 Bendera Amerika Serikat AS
(John Crawford, Charles Goren, George Rapee, Howard Schenken, Sidney Silodor, Samuel Stayman, Julius RosenblumNPC)
Bendera Britania Raya Britania Raya
(Leslie Dodds, Nico Gardener, Kenneth Konstam, Joel Tarlo, Louis Tarlo, Maurice Harrison-GrayPC)
1951 Napoli, Italia 2 Bendera Amerika Serikat AS
(B. Jay Becker, John Crawford, George Rapee, Howard Schenken, Samuel Stayman, Julius RosenblumNPC)
Bendera Italia Italia
(Paolo Baroni, Eugenio Chiaradia, Pietro Forquet, Mario Franco, Augusto Ricci, Guglielmo Siniscalco, Carl' Alberto PerrouxNPC)
1953 New York City, AS 2 Bendera Amerika Serikat AS
(B. Jay Becker, John Crawford, Theodore Lightner, George Rapee, Howard Schenken, Samuel Stayman, Joseph CohanNPC)
Bendera Swedia Swedia
(Gunnar Anulf, Rudolf Kock, Robert Larsen, Nils-Olaf Lilliehook, Jan Wohlin, Einar WernerPC)
1954 Monte Carlo, Monako 2 Bendera Amerika Serikat AS
(Clifford Bishop, Milton Ellenby, Lewis Mathe, Don Oakie, William Rosen, Douglas Steen, Benjamin JohnsonNPC)
Bendera Prancis Prancis
(Jacques Amouraben, René Bacherich, Jean Besse - Switzerland, Pierre Ghestem, Marcel Kornblum, Karl Schneider - Austria)
1955 New York City, AS 2 Bendera Britania Raya Britania Raya
(Leslie Dodds, Kenneth Konstam, Adam Meredith, Jordanis Pavlides, Terence Reese, Boris Schapiro, Reginald CorwenNPC)
Bendera Amerika Serikat AS
(Cliford Bishop, Milton Ellenby, Lewis Mathe, John Moran, William Rosen, Alvin Roth, Peter LeventrittNPC)
1956 Paris, Prancis 2 Bendera Prancis Prancis
(René Bacherich, Pierre Ghestem, Pierre Jaïs, Roger Lattes, Bertrand Romanet, Roger Trezel, Robert de NexonNPC)
Bendera Amerika Serikat AS
(Myron Field, Charles Goren, Lee Hazen, Richard Kahn, Charles Solomon, Samuel Stayman, Jeff GlickNPC)
1957 New York City, AS 2 Bendera Italia Italia
(Massimo d'Alelio, Walter Avarelli, Giorgio Belladonna, Eugenio Chiaradia, Pietro Forquet, Guglielmo Siniscalco, Carl' Alberto PerrouxNPC)
Bendera Amerika Serikat AS
(Charles Goren, Boris Koytchou, Peter Leventritt, Harold Ogust, William Seamon, Helen Sobel, Rufus L. Miles Jr.NPC)
1958 Como, Italia 3 Bendera Italia Italia
(Massimo d'Alelio, Walter Avarelli, Giorgio Belladonna, Eugenio Chiaradia, Pietro Forquet, Guglielmo Siniscalco, Carl' Alberto PerrouxNPC)
Bendera Amerika Serikat AS
(B. Jay Becker, John Crawford, George Rapee, Alvin Roth, Sidney Silodor, Tobias Stone, J.G. RipstraNPC)
1959 New York City, AS 3 Bendera Italia Italia
(Massimo d'Alelio, Walter Avarelli, Giorgio Belladonna, Eugenio Chiaradia, Pietro Forquet, Guglielmo Siniscalco, Carl' Alberto PerrouxNPC)
Bendera Amerika Serikat AS
(Harry Fishbein, Sam Fry Jr., Leonard Harmon, Lee Hazen, Sidney Lazard, Ivar Stakgold, Charles SolomonNPC)
1961 Buenos Aires, Argentina 4 Bendera Italia Italia
(Massimo d'Alelio, Walter Avarelli, Giorgio Belladonna, Eugenio Chiaradia, Pietro Forquet, Benito Garozzo, Carl' Alberto PerrouxNPC)
Bendera Amerika SerikatBendera Kanada Amerika Utara
(John Gerber, Paul Hodge, Norman Kay, Peter Leventritt, Howard Schenken, Sidney Silodor, Frank WestcottNPC)
1962 New York City, AS 4 Bendera Italia Italia
(Massimo d'Alelio, Walter Avarelli, Giorgio Belladonna, Eugenio Chiaradia, Pietro Forquet, Benito Garozzo, Carl' Alberto PerrouxNPC)
Bendera Amerika SerikatBendera Kanada Amerika Utara
(Charles Coon, Mervin Key, Lewis Mathe, Eric Murray, G. Robert Nail, Ron von der Porten, John GerberNPC)
1963 St. Vincent, Italia 4 Bendera Italia Italia
(Massimo d'Alelio, Giorgio Belladonna, Eugenio Chiaradia, Pietro Forquet, Benito Garozzo, Camillo Pabis-Ticci, Carl' Alberto PerrouxNPC)
Bendera Amerika SerikatBendera Kanada Amerika Utara
(Jim Jacoby, Robert Jordan, Peter Leventritt, G. Robert Nail, Arthur Robinson, Howard Schenken, John GerberNPC)
1965 Buenos Aires, Argentina 4 Bendera Italia Italia
(Massimo d'Alelio, Walter Avarelli, Giorgio Belladonna, Pietro Forquet, Benito Garozzo, Camillo Pabis-Ticci, Sergio OsellaNPC)
Bendera Amerika SerikatBendera Kanada Amerika Utara
(B. Jay Becker, Ivan Erdos, Dorothy Hayden, Peter Leventritt, Kelsey Petterson, Howard Schenken, John Gerber NPC)
1966 St. Vincent, Italia 5 Bendera Italia Italia
(Massimo d'Alelio, Walter Avarelli, Giorgio Belladonna, Pietro Forquet, Benito Garozzo, Camillo Pabis-Ticci, Carl' Alberto PerrouxNPC)
Bendera Amerika SerikatBendera Kanada Amerika Utara
(Phil Feldesman, Bob Hamman, Sami Kehela, Lewis Mathe, Eric Murray, Ira Rubin, Julius RosenblumNPC)
1967 Miami Beach, AS 5 Bendera Italia Italia
(Massimo d'Alelio, Walter Avarelli, Giorgio Belladonna, Pietro Forquet, Benito Garozzo, Camillo Pabis-Ticci, Guido BarboneNPC)
Bendera Amerika SerikatBendera Kanada Amerika Utara
(Edgar Kaplan, Norman Kay, Sami Kehela, Eric Murray, William Root, Alvin Roth, Julius RosenblumNPC)
1969 Rio de Janeiro, Brasil 5 Bendera Italia Italia
(Massimo d'Alelio, Walter Avarelli, Giorgio Belladonna, Eugenio Chiaradia, Pietro Forquet, Benito Garozzo, Camillo Pabis-Ticci, Angelo TracanellaNPC)
Bendera Republik Tiongkok Taiwan
(Frank Huang, Patrick Huang, C.S. Shen, K.W. Shen, Kovit Suchartkul, Min-Fan Tai, C.C. WeiNPC)
1970 Stockholm, Swedia 5 Bendera Amerika SerikatBendera Kanada Amerika Utara
(Billy Eisenberg, Bobby Goldman, Bob Hamman, Jim Jacoby, Michael Lawrence, Bobby Wolff, Oswald JacobyNPC)
Bendera Republik Tiongkok Taiwan
(Conrad Cheng, Elmer Hsiao, Patrick Huang, Harry Lin, Min-Fan Tai, David MaoNPC)
1971 Taipei, Republik China (Taiwan) 6 Bendera Amerika Serikat AS
(Billy Eisenberg, Bobby Goldman, Bob Hamman, Jim Jacoby, Michael Lawrence, Bobby Wolff, Oswald JacobyNPC)
Bendera Prancis Prancis
(Jean-Michel Boulenger, Pierre Jaïs, Jean-Marc Roudinesco, Jean-Louis Stoppa, Henri Szwarc, Roger Trezel, René HuniNPC)
1973 Guaruja, Brasil 5 Bendera Italia Italia
(Giorgio Belladonna, Benito Bianchi, Pietro Forquet, Giuseppe Garabello, Benito Garozzo, Vito Pittalà, Sandro SalvettiNPC)
Bendera Amerika Serikat AS
(Mark Blumenthal, Bobby Goldman, Bob Hamman, Jim Jacoby, Michael Lawrence, Bobby Wolff, Ira G. Corn Jr.NPC)
1974 Venesia, Italia 6 Bendera Italia Italia
(Giorgio Belladonna, Benito Bianchi, Dano de Falco, Pietro Forquet, Arturo Franco, Benito Garozzo, Sandro SalvettiNPC)
Bendera Amerika Serikat AS
(Mark Blumenthal, Bobby Goldman, Bob Hamman, Sami Kehela, Eric Murray, Bobby Wolff, Ira G. Corn Jr.NPC)
1975 Southampton, Bermuda 5 Bendera Italia Italia
(Giorgio Belladonna, Gianfranco Facchini, Arturo Franco, Benito Garozzo, Vito Pittalà, Sergio Zucchelli, Sandro SalvettiNPC)
Bendera Amerika Serikat AS
(Billy Eisenberg, Bob Hamman, Edwin Kantar, Paul Soloway, John Swanson, Bobby Wolff, Alfred SheinwoldNPC)
1976 Monte Carlo, Monako 6 Bendera Amerika Serikat AS
(Billy Eisenberg, Fred Hamilton, Eric Paulsen, Hugh Ross, Ira Rubin, Paul Soloway, Dan MorseNPC)
Bendera Italia Italia
(Giorgio Belladonna, Pietro Forquet, Arturo Franco, Benito Garozzo, Vito Pittalà, Antonio Vivaldi, Sandro SalvettiNPC)
1977 Manila, Filipina 6 Bendera Amerika Serikat AS
(Billy Eisenberg, Edwin Kantar, Bob Hamman, Paul Soloway, John Swanson, Bobby Wolff, Roger SternNPC)
Bendera Amerika Serikat AS Aces
(Fred Hamilton, Mike Passell, Eric Paulsen, Hugh Ross, Ira Rubin, Ron von der Porten, Jerome SilvermanNPC)
1979 Rio de Janeiro, Brasil 6 Bendera Amerika Serikat AS
(Malcolm Brachman, Billy Eisenberg, Bobby Goldman, Edwin Kantar, Mike Passell, Paul Soloway, Ed TheusNPC)
Bendera Italia Italia
(Giorgio Belladonna, Dano de Falco, Arturo Franco, Benito Garozzo, Lorenzo Lauria, Vito Pittalà, Sandro SalvettiNPC)
1981 New York, AS 7 Bendera Amerika Serikat AS
(Russ Arnold, Robert Levin, Jeff Meckstroth, Bud Reinhold, Eric Rodwell, John Solodar, Tom SandersNPC)
Bendera Pakistan Pakistan
(Nishat Abedi, Nisar Ahmed, Munir Ata-Ullah, Jan-e-Alam Fazli, Zia Mahmood, Masood Salim, Sattar CochinwalaNPC)
1983 Stockholm, Swedia 10 Bendera Amerika Serikat AS
(Michael Becker, Bob Hamman, Ron Rubin, Alan Sontag, Peter Weichsel, Bobby Wolff, Joe MusumeciNPC)
Bendera Italia Italia
(Giorgio Belladonna, Dano de Falco, Arturo Franco, Benito Garozzo, Lorenzo Lauria, Carlo Mosca, Filippo PalmaNPC)
1985 São Paulo, Brasil 10 Bendera Amerika Serikat AS
(Bob Hamman, Chip Martel, Peter Pender, Hugh Ross, Lew Stansby, Bobby Wolff, Alfred SheinwoldNPC)
Bendera Austria Austria
(Heinrich Berger, Kurt Feichtinger, Jan Fucik, Wolfgang Meinl, Karl Rohan, Franz Terraneo, Franz BarattaNPC)
1987 Ocho Rios, Jamaika 10 Bendera Amerika Serikat AS
(Bob Hamman, Michael Lawrence, Chip Martel, Hugh Ross, Lew Stansby, Bobby Wolff, Dan MorseNPC)
Bendera Britania Raya Britania Raya
(John Armstrong, Raymond Brock,Jeremy Flint, Tony Forrester, Graham Kirby, Robert Sheehan, Tony PridayNPC)
1989 Perth, Australia 10 Bendera Brasil Brasil
(Marcelo Branco, Pedro Paulo Branco, Carlos Camacho, Gabriel Chagas, Ricardo Janz, Roberto de Mello, Pedro Paulo AssumpcãoNPC)
Bendera Amerika Serikat AS
(Michael Lawrence, Chip Martel, Peter Pender,Hugh Ross, Lew Stansby, Kit Woolsey, Dan MorseNPC)
1991 Yokohama, Jepang 16 Bendera Islandia Eslandia
(Gudmundur Pall Arnarson, Orn Arnthorsson, Jon Baldursson, Gudlaugur Johannsson, Thorlakur Jonsson, Adalsteinn Jorgensen, Bjorn EysteinssonNPC)
Bendera Polandia Polandia
(Cezary Balicki, Piotr Gawrys, Krzysztof Lasocki, Krzystof Martens, Marek Szymanowski, Adam Zmudzinski, Andrzej OrlowNPC)
1993 Santiago, Chili 16 Bendera Belanda Belanda
(Wubbo de Boer, Peter Jansen, Enri Leufkens, Bauke Muller, Jan Westerhof, Berry Westra, Jaap TrouwborstNPC, Henk SchippersNPC)
Bendera Norwegia Norwegia
(Terje Aa, Glenn Grøtheim, Geir Helgemo, Tor Helness, Arild Rasmussen, Jon Sveindal, Runar LillevikNPC)
1995 Beijing, Tiongkok 16 Bendera Amerika Serikat AS
(Richard Freeman, Bob Hamman, Jeff Meckstroth, Nick Nickell, Eric Rodwell, Bobby Wolff, Edgar KaplanNPC)
Bendera Kanada Kanada
(Boris Baran, Fred Gitelman, Eric Kokish, George Mittelman, Mark Molson, Joey Silver, Irving LitvackNPC)
1997 Hammamet, Tunisia 18 Bendera Prancis Prancis
(Paul Chemla, Alain Levy, Christian Mari, Hervé Mouiel, Franck Multon, Michel Perron, Jean-Louis StoppaNPC)
Bendera Amerika Serikat AS 2
(Richard Freeman, Bob Hamman, Jeff Meckstroth, Nick Nickell, Eric Rodwell, Bobby Wolff, Walter WalvickNPC)
2000 Southampton, Bermuda 20 Bendera Amerika Serikat AS
(Richard Freeman, Bob Hamman, Jeff Meckstroth, Nick Nickell, Eric Rodwell, Paul Soloway, Sidney LazardNPC
Bendera Brasil Brasil
(Marcelo Branco, João-Paulo Campos, Gabriel Chagas, Ricardo Janz, Roberto de Mello, Miguel Villas-Boas, Pedro Paulo AssumpcãoNPC)
2001 Paris, Prancis 18 Bendera Amerika Serikat AS II
(Kyle Larsen, Chip Martel, Rose Meltzer, Alan Sontag, Lew Stansby, Peter Weichsel, Jan MartelNPC)
Bendera Norwegia Norwegia
(Terje Aa, Boye Brogeland, Glenn Grøtheim, Geir Helgemo, Tor Helness, Erik Sælensminde, Einar Asbjørn BrenneNPC)
2003 Monte Carlo, Monako 22 Bendera Amerika Serikat AS I
(Richard Freeman, Bob Hamman, Jeff Meckstroth, Nick Nickell, Eric Rodwell, Paul Soloway, Sidney LazardNPC)
Bendera Italia Italia
(Norberto Bocchi, Giorgio Duboin, Fulvio Fantoni, Lorenzo Lauria, Claudio Nunes, Alfredo Versace, Maria Teresa LavazzaNPC)
2005 Estoril, Portugal 22 Bendera Italia Italia
(Norberto Bocchi, Giorgio Duboin, Fulvio Fantoni, Lorenzo Lauria, Claudio Nunes, Alfredo Versace, Maria Teresa LavazzaNPC)
Bendera Amerika Serikat AS I
(Richard Freeman, Bob Hamman, Jeff Meckstroth, Nick Nickell, Eric Rodwell, Paul Soloway, Sidney Lazard NPC)
2007 Shanghai, RRC 22 Bendera Norwegia Norwegia
Boye Brogeland, Glenn Grøtheim, Geir Helgemo, Tor Helness, Erik Saelensminde, Ulf Tundal
Bendera Amerika Serikat AS I
Steve Garner, George Jacobs, Ralph Katz, Zia Mahmood, Michael Rosenberg, Howard Weinstein

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