Arnold Sommerfeld

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Arnold Sommerfeld
Sommerfeld1897.gif
Arnold Johannes Wilhelm Sommerfeld (1868–1951)
Lahir Arnold Johannes Wilhelm Sommerfeld
(1868-12-05)5 Desember 1868
Königsberg, Kerajaan Prusia
Meninggal 26 April 1951(1951-04-26) (umur 82)
Munich, Jerman Barat
Tempat tinggal Jerman
Kebangsaan Jerman
Alma mater Universitas Königsberg
Dikenal atas Movel Drude–Sommerfeld
Konstan struktur murni
Identitas Sommerfeld
Hukum Sommerfeld–Kossel
Kuantisasi Sommerfeld–Wilson
Teori Sommerfeld–Bohr
Penghargaan Medali Matteucci (1924)
Medali Max-Planck (1931)
Medali Lorentz (1939)
Medali Oersted (1949)
Fellow of the Royal Society[1]
Karier ilmiah
Bidang Fisika
Institusi Universitas Göttingen
Technische Universität Clausthal
Universitas Aachen
Universitas Munich
Pembimbing doktoral Ferdinand von Lindemann
Mahasiswa doktoral Werner Heisenberg
Wolfgang Pauli
Peter Debye
Paul Sophus Epstein
Hans Bethe
Ernst Guillemin
Karl Bechert
Paul Peter Ewald
Herbert Fröhlich
Erwin Fues
Helmut Hönl
Ludwig Hopf
Walther Kossel
Adolf Kratzer
Alfred Landé
Otto Laporte
Wilhelm Lenz
Rudolf Peierls
Walter Rogowski
Rudolf Seeliger
Heinrich Welker
Gregor Wentzel
Mahasiswa ternama lain Herbert Kroemer
Linus Pauling
Walter Heitler
Werner Romberg
Menginspirasi John Bardeen[2]
Léon Brillouin
Karl Herzfeld

Arnold Johannes Wilhelm Sommerfeld, ForMemRS[1] (lahir di Königsberg, Kerajaan Prusia, 5 Desember 1868 – meninggal di Munich, Jerman Barat, 26 April 1951 pada umur 82 tahun) adalah seorang fisikawan teoretikal Jerman yang mepelopori pengembangan fisika atom dan fisika kuantum, dan juga mendidik dan membimbing sejumlah besar murid dari era baru fisika teoterikal. Ia menjabat sebagai petinggi PhD untuk beberapa pemenang Nobel fisika dan kimia (rekor kementorannya hanya berbanding dengan J. J. Thomson).

Ia mengenalkan nomor kuantum ke-2 (nomor kuantum azimuthal) dan nomor kuantum ke-4 (nomor kuantum putaran). Ia juga memperkenalkan konstan struktur murni dan mempelopori teori arus sinar X.

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ a b Born, Max (1952). "Arnold Johannes Wilhelm Sommerfeld. 1868-1951". Obituary Notices of Fellows of the Royal Society. 8 (21): 274–226. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1952.0018. JSTOR 768813. 
  2. ^ Hoddeson, Lillian; Daitch, Vicki (28 Oct 2012). True Genius: The Life and Science of John Bardeen. Joseph Henry Press. ISBN 978-0309095112. Diakses tanggal 12 May 2016. 

Bacaan tambahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Benz, Ulrich, Arnold Sommerfeld. Lehrer und Forscher an der Schwelle zum Atomzeitalter 1868 – 1951 (Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft, 1975)
  • Beyerchen, Alan D., Scientists Under Hitler: Politics and the Physics Community in the Third Reich (Yale, 1977)
  • Born, Max, Arnold Johannes Wilhelm Sommerfeld, 1868–1951, Obituary Notices of Fellows of the Royal Society Volume 8, Number 21, 274–296 (1952)
  • Cassidy, David C., Uncertainty: The Life and Science of Werner Heisenberg (W. H. Freeman and Company, 1992), ISBN 0-7167-2503-7 (Since Werner Heisenberg was one of Sommerfeld's Ph.D. students, this is an indirect source of information on Sommerfeld, but the information on him is rather extensive and well documented.)
  • Eckert, Michael, Arnold Sommerfeld: Atomphysiker und Kulturbote 1868-1951. Eine Biografie (Deutsches Museum, Wallstein Verlag, 2013)
  • Eckert, Michael, trans. Tom Artin, Arnold Sommerfeld: Science, Life and Turbulent Times, 1868-1951 (Springer, 2013)
  • Eckert, Michael, Propaganda in science: Sommerfeld and the spread of the electron theory of metals, Historical Studies in the Physical and Biological Sciences Volume 17, Number 2, 191–233 (1987)
  • Eckert, Michael, Mathematics, Experiments, and Theoretical Physics: The Early Days of the Sommerfeld School, Physics in Perspective Volume 1, Number 3, 238–252 (1999)
  • Hentschel, Klaus (Editor) and Ann M. Hentschel (Editorial Assistant and Translator), Physics and National Socialism: An Anthology of Primary Sources (Birkhäuser, 1996)
  • Jungnickel, Christa and Russell McCormmach. Intellectual Mastery of Nature. Theoretical Physics from Ohm to Einstein, Volume 1: The Torch of Mathematics, 1800 to 1870. University of Chicago Press, paper cover, 1990a. ISBN 0-226-41582-1
  • Jungnickel, Christa and Russell McCormmach. Intellectual Mastery of Nature. Theoretical Physics from Ohm to Einstein, Volume 2: The Now Mighty Theoretical Physics, 1870 to 1925. University of Chicago Press, Paper cover, 1990b. ISBN 0-226-41585-6
  • Kant, Horst, Arnold Sommerfeld – Kommunikation und Schulenbildung in Fuchs-Kittowski, Klaus ; Laitko, Hubert ; Parthey, Heinrich ; Umstätter, Walther (editors) Wissenschaft und Digitale Bibliothek: Wissenschaftsforschung Jahrbuch 1998 135–152 (Verlag der Gesellschaft für Wissenschaftsforschung, 2000)
  • Kirkpatrick, Paul, Address of Recommendation by Professor Paul Kirkpatrick, Chairman of the Committee on Awards, American Journal of Physics Volume 17, Number 5, 312–314 (1949). Address preceding award to Arnold Sommerfeld, recipient of the 1948 Oersted Medal for Notable Contributions to the Teaching of Physics, 28 January 1949.
  • Kragh, Helge, Quantum Generations: A History of Physics in the Twentieth Century (Princeton University Press, fifth printing and first paperback printing, 2002), ISBN 0-691-01206-7
  • Kuhn, Thomas S., John L. Heilbron, Paul Forman, and Lini Allen, Sources for History of Quantum Physics (American Philosophical Society, 1967)
  • Mehra, Jagdish, and Helmut Rechenberg, The Historical Development of Quantum Theory. Volume 1 Part 1 The Quantum Theory of Planck, Einstein, Bohr and Sommerfeld 1900–1925: Its Foundation and the Rise of Its Difficulties. (Springer, 1982), ISBN 0-387-95174-1
  • Pauling, Linus, Arnold Sommerfeld: 1868–1951, Science Volume 114, Number 2963, 383–384 (1951)
  • Singh, Rajinder, "Arnold Sommerfeld – The Supporter of Indian Physics in Germany" Current Science 81 No. 11, 10 December 2001, pp. 1489–1494
  • Walker, Mark, Nazi Science: Myth, Truth, and the German Atomic Bomb (Persius, 1995), ISBN 0-306-44941-2

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