Aldous Huxley

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Aldous Huxley
Monochrome portrait of Aldous Huxley sitting on a table, facing slightly downwards.
Lahir Aldous Leonard Huxley
26 Juli 1894
Godalming, Surrey, Inggris
Meninggal 22 November 1963 (umur 69)
Los Angeles, California, Amerika Serikat
Makam Compton, Surrey, Inggris
Pekerjaan Penulis
Almamater Eton College
Balliol College, Oxford
Karya terkenal

Tanda tangan

Aldous Leonard Huxley /ˈhʌksli/ (26 Juli 1894 – 22 November 1963) adalah penulis, filsuf Inggris, dan anggota keluarga Huxley yang cukup terkenal.

Ia dikenal atas novel-novelnya seperti Brave New World yang berlatar di London era distopia, buku nonfiksinya seperti The Doors of Perception yang menjabarkan pengalaman setelah mengonsumsi obat psikedelik, dan serangkaian esainya. Pada awal kariernya, Huxley menjadi penyunting majalah Oxford Poetry dan menulis cerpen dan puisi. Ia kemudian menulis catatan perjalanan, cerita dan naskah film. Ia menghabiskan separuh akhir hidupnya di Los Angeles, Amerika Serikat, sejak 1937 sampai meninggal dunia. Pada tahun 1962, setahun sebelum meninggal, ia diangkat sebagai Companion of Literature oleh Royal Society of Literature.[1]

Huxley adalah seorang humanis, pasifis, dan satiris. Huxley kemudian tertarik dengan hal-hal spiritual seperti parapsikologi dan mistisisme filosofis,[2][3] khususnya universalisme.[4] Menjelang akhir hidupnya, Huxley diakui secara luas sebagai salah satu intelek berpengaruh pada masa itu.[5]

Penghargaan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Adaptasi film[sunting | sunting sumber]

Karya pilihan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Novel[sunting | sunting sumber]

Koleksi cerita pendek[sunting | sunting sumber]

Koleksi puisi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • 1916 Oxford Poetry (editor majalah)
  • 1916 The Burning Wheel
  • 1917 Jonah
  • 1918 The Defeat of Youth and Other Poems
  • 1920 Leda
  • 1925 Selected Poems
  • 1929 Arabia Infelix and Other Poems
  • 1931 The Cicadas and Other Poems
  • 1971 Collected Poems

Koleksi esai[sunting | sunting sumber]

Naskah[sunting | sunting sumber]

Buku perjalanan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Fiksi anak-anak[sunting | sunting sumber]

Drama[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • 1924 The Discovery (diadaptasi dari Francis Sheridan)
  • 1931 The World of Light
  • 1948 Mortal Coils – A Play (versi pentas The Gioconda Smile)
  • 1958 The Genius and the Goddess (versi pentas, ditulis bersama Betty Wendel)
  • 1967 The Ambassador of Captripedia
  • 2000 Now More Than Ever (lakon lama yang ditemukan kembali oleh Departemen Sastra Inggris, Universitas Münster, Jerman)

Artikel di Vedanta and the West[sunting | sunting sumber]

    • 1941  "Distractions"
    • "Distractions II"
    • "Action and Contemplation"
    • "An Appreciation"
    • "The Yellow Mustard"
    • "Lines"
    • "Some Reflections of the Lord's Prayer"
    • 1942  "Reflections of the Lord's Prayer"
    • "Reflections of the Lord's Prayer II"
    • "Words and Reality"
    • "Readings in Mysticism"
    • "Man and Reality"
    • "The Magical and the Spiritual"
    • 1943  "Religion and Time"
    • "Idolatry"
    • "Religion and Temperament"
    • "A Note on the Bhagavatam"
    • "Seven Meditations"
    • 1944  "On a Sentence From Shakespeare"
    • "The Minimum Working Hypothesis"
    • "From a Notebook"
    • "The Philosophy of the Saints"
    • 1945  "That Art Thou"
    • "That Art Thou II"
    • "The Nature of the Ground"
    • "The Nature of the Ground II"
    • "God in the World"
    • 1946  "Origins and Consequences of Some Contemporary Thought-Patterns"
    • "The Sixth Patriarch"
    • "Some Reflections on Time"
    • 1947  "Reflections on Progress"
    • "Further Reflections on Progress"
    • "William Law"
    • "Notes on Zen"
    • 1948  "Give Us This Day Our Daily Bread"
    • "A Note on Gandhi"
  • 1949  "Art and Religion
  • 1950  "Foreword to an Essay on the Indian Philosophy of Peace"
    • 1952  "A Note on Enlightenment"
    • "Substitutes for Liberation"
    • 1954  "The Desert"
    • "A Note on Patanjali"
  • 1955  "Who Are We?"
    • 1956  "Foreword to the Supreme Doctrine"
    • "Knowledge and Understanding"
  • 1957  "The "Inanimate" is Alive"
  • 1960  "Symbol and Immediate Experience"

Rekaman suara di CD[sunting | sunting sumber]

Lainnya[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • 1936 Pacifism and Philosophy
  • 1937 An Encyclopedia of Pacifism (editor)
  • 1941 Grey Eminence
  • 1953 The Devils of Loudun
  • 1962 The Politics of Ecology
  • 2007 Selected Letters

Lihat pula[sunting | sunting sumber]


Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "Companions of Literature". Royal Society of Literature. Retrieved 5 January 2015
  2. ^ Thody, Philipe (1973). Huxley: A Biographical Introduction. Scribner. ISBN 978-0-289-70188-1. 
  3. ^ David K. Dunaway (1995). Aldous Huxley Recollected: An Oral History. Rowman Altamira. p. 90. ISBN 978-0-7619-9065-9. 
  4. ^ Roy 2003.
  5. ^ Thody, Philipe (1973)
  6. ^ Chevalier, Tracy (1997). Encyclopedia of the Essay. Routldge. p. 416. ISBN 978-1-57958-342-2. 
  7. ^ Bradshaw, David (1993). "Introduction". Aldous Huxley's "Those Barren Leaves" (Vintage Classics, 2005). Vintage, Random House, 20 Vauxhall Brigade Road, London. xii. 
  8. ^ "Eyeless in Gaza" (1971)
  9. ^ "listing in". Allmusic.com. Diakses tanggal 8 March 2013. 
  10. ^ a b "Note on lecturing in Santa Barbara". Pooler-georgia-homepage.com. Diakses tanggal 8 March 2013. 
  11. ^ "listing in". Allmusic.com. Diakses tanggal 8 March 2013. 

Sumber[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Roy, Sumita (2003), Aldous Huxley And Indian Thought, Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd 
  • Anderson, Jack 1982. "Ballet: Suzanne Farrell in 'Variations' Premiere". New York Times (4 July).
  • Barnes Clive. 1966. "Ballet: Still Another Balanchine-Stravinsky Pearl; City Troupe Performs in Premiere Here 'Variations' for Huxley at State Theater". New York Times (1 April): 28.
  • Spies, Claudio. 1965. "Notes on Stravinsky's Variations". Perspectives of New Music 4, no. 1 (Fall-Winter): 62–74. Reprinted in Perspectives on Schoenberg and Stravinsky, revised edition, edited by Benjamin Boretz and Edward T. Cone, [pages]. New York:W. W. Norton, 1972.
  • White, Eric Walter. 1979. Stravinsky: The Composer and His Works, second edition. Berkeley and Los Angeles: The University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-03985-8.

Bacaan lanjutan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Atkins, John. Aldous Huxley: A Literary Study, J. Calder, 1956
  • Bedford, Sybille (2002). Aldous Huxley: A Biography. Ivan R Dee. ISBN 978-1-56663-454-0. 
  • David King Dunaway, PH.D. (1991). Huxley in Hollywood. Anchor. ISBN 978-0-385-41591-0. 
  • Firchow, Peter. Aldous Huxley: Satirist and Novelist, U of Minnesota P, 1972
  • Firchow, Peter. The End of Utopia: A Study of Aldous Huxley's Brave New World, Bucknell UP, 1984
  • Huxley, Aldous. The Human Situation: Aldous Huxley Lectures at Santa Barbara 1959, Flamingo Modern Classic, 1994, ISBN 0-00-654732-X
  • Huxley, Laura Archera. This Timeless Moment, Celestial Arts, 2001, ISBN 0-89087-968-0
  • Meckier, Jerome. Aldous Huxley: Modern Satirical Novelist of ideas, Firchow and Nugel editors, LIT Verlag Berlin-Hamburg-Münster, 2006, ISBN 3-8258-9668-4
  • Murray, Nicholas. Aldous Huxley, Macmillan, 2003, ISBN 0-312-30237-1
  • Rolo, Charles J. (ed.). The World of Aldous Huxley, Grosset Universal Library, 1947.
  • Sexton, James (ed.). Aldous Huxley: Selected Letters, Ivan R. Dee, 2007, ISBN 1-56663-629-9
  • Sawyer, Dana. Aldous Huxley, Crossroad Publishing Co., 2002, ISBN 0-8245-1987-6
  • Shaw, Jeffrey M. Illusions of Freedom: Thomas Merton and Jacques Ellul on Technology and the Human Condition. Eugene, OR: Wipf and Stock. 2014. ISBN 978-1-62564-058-1.
  • Watt, Conrad (ed.). Aldous Huxley, Routledge, 1997, ISBN 0-415-15915-6

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]