Nichiren

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Nichiren (日蓮)
Lukisan Nichiren, disimpan di Kuil Kuon-ji, Gunung Minobu.
Sekolah Mahayana, Nichiren
Pribadi
Kebangsaan Jepang
Lahir 16 Februari 1222
Meninggal 13 Oktober 1282 (usia 60)
Jabatan Senior
Berpusat di Jepang
Gelar Pendiri Buddha Nichiren

Nichiren (日蓮) (16 Februari 1222 – 13 Oktober 1282) adalah seorang biksu Buddha yang hidup selama periode Kamakura (1185–1333) di Jepang.

Kehidupan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Bagian dari serial
Agama Buddha

Lotus75.png

Sejarah
Garis waktu
Dewan-dewan Buddhis

Konsep ajaran agama Buddha
Empat Kesunyataan Mulia
Delapan Jalan Utama
Pancasila · Tuhan
Nirvana · Tri Ratna

Ajaran inti
Tiga Corak Umum
Samsara · Kelahiran kembali · Sunyata
Paticcasamuppada · Karma

Tokoh penting
Siddharta Gautama
Siswa utama · Keluarga

Tingkat-tingkat Pencerahan
Buddha · Bodhisattva
Empat Tingkat Pencerahan
Meditasi

Wilayah agama Buddha
Asia Tenggara · Asia Timur
Tibet · India dan Asia Tengah
Indonesia · Barat

Sekte-sekte agama Buddha
Theravada · Mahayana
Vajrayana · Sekte Awal

Kitab Suci
Sutta · Vinaya · Abdhidahamma

Dharma wheel 1.png

Kelahiran[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nichiren lahir pada tanggal 16 Februari 1222 di desa Kominato (sekarang bagian dari kota Kamogawa), Distrik Nagase, Provinsi Awa (sekarang Prefektur Chiba). Ayah Nichiren, seorang nelayan,[1] bernama Mikuni-no-Tayu Shigetada, dikenal juga sebagai Nukina Shigetada Jiro (wafat 1258) dan ibunya bernama Umegiku-nyo (wafat 1267).

Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Harvey, 166

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Harvey, Peter (1990). An Introduction to Buddhism: Teachings, history, and practices. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-31333-3
  • The Soka Gakkai Dictionary of Buddhism English Buddhist Dictionary Committee. Soka Gakkai, 2002. ISBN 4-412-01205-0 online
  • Nichiren - Leader of Buddhist Reformation in Japan, by J.A. Christensen, Nichiren Buddhist International Centre, 1981. ISBN 0-87573-086-8
  • Lotus Seeds, The Essence of Nichiren Shu Buddhism, Nichiren Buddhist Temple of San Jose, 2000, ISBN 0-9705920-0-0
  • Japanese Buddhims, A Cultural History, Yoshiro Tamura, Kosei Publishing Co., 2005, ISBN 4-333-01684-3
  • A Dictionaty of Buddhist Terms and Concepts. Nichiren Shoshu International Center, ISBN 4-88872-014-2.
  • Causton, Richard: "Buddha in Daily Life, An Introduction to the Buddhism of Nichiren Daishonin", Random House 2011. ISBN 1446489191

Kutipan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Montgomery, Daniel (1991). Fire in the Lotus, The Dynamic Religion of Nichiren, London: Mandala, ISBN 1852740914
  • Nichiren Daishōnin Shōden (日蓮大聖人正伝: "Orthodox biography of Nichiren Daishonin"), Taisekiji, 1981
  • Kirimura, Yasuji: The Life of Nichiren Daishonin. Nichiren Shoshu International Center (NSIC) 1980

Terjemahan bahsa Inggris dari tulisan Nichiren[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • The Major Writings of Nichiren Daishonin (WND). Soka Gakkai, Tokyo, 1999.
  • Heisei Shimpen Nichiren Daishonin Gosho (平成新編 日蓮大聖人御書: "Heisei new compilation of Nichiren Daishonin's writings"), Taisekiji, 1994
  • The Writings of Nichiren Daishonin, Volume I. Burton Watson and the Gosho Translation Committee. Soka Gakkai, 2006. ISBN 4-412-01024-4
  • The Writings of Nichiren Daishonin, Volume II. Burton Watson and the Gosho Translation Committee. Soka Gakkai, 2006. ISBN 4-412-01350-2
  • The Record of the Orally Transmitted Teachings. Burton Watson, trans. Soka Gakkai, 2005, ISBN 4-412-01286-7
  • Writings of Nichiren Shonin, Doctrine 1, University of Hawai'i Press, 2003, ISBN 0-8248-2733-3
  • Writings of Nichiren Shonin, Doctrine 2, University of Hawai'i Press, 2002, ISBN 0-8248-2551-9
  • Writings of Nichiren Shonin, Doctrine 3, University of Hawai'i Press, 2004, ISBN 0-8248-2931-X
  • Writings of Nichiren Shonin, Doctrine 4, University of Hawai'i Press, 2007, ISBN 0-8248-3180-2
  • Writings of Nichiren Shonin, Doctrine 5, University of Hawai'i Press, 2008, ISBN 0-8248-3301-5
  • Writings of Nichiren Shonin, Doctrine 6, University of Hawai'i Press, 2010, ISBN 0-8248-3455-0
  • Letters of Nichiren. Burton Watson et al., trans.; Philip B. Yampolsky, ed. Columbia University Press, 1996. ISBN 0-231-10384-0
  • Selected Writings of Nichiren. Burton Watson et al., trans.; Philip B. Yampolsky, ed. Columbia University Press, 1990. ISBN 0-231-07260-0

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]