Hans Morgenthau

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Hans Morgenthau

Morgenthau tahun 1963
Lahir Hans Joachim Morgenthau
17 Februari 1904
Coburg, Jerman
Meninggal 19 Juli 1980 (umur 76)
New York

Hans Joachim Morgenthau (17 Februari 1904 – 19 Juli 1980) adalah salah satu figur politik internasional ternama pada abad ke-20. Ia membuat kontribusi besar terhadap teori hubungan internasional dan studi hukum internasional. Bukunya, Politics Among Nations, pertama diterbitkan tahun 1948, dicetak dalam berbagai edisi dan menjadi buku teks yang paling banyak digunakan dalam bidangnya di universitas-universitas Amerika Serikat. Selain itu, Morgenthau banyak menulis tentang politik internasional dan kebijakan luar negeri Amerika Serikat untuk jurnal-jurnal umum seperti The New Leader, Commentary, Worldview, dan The New Republic. Ia kenal dan bekerja sama dengan berbagai intelektual dan penulis ternama pada masanya, seperti Reinhold Niebuhr, George F. Kennan, dan Hannah Arendt. Pada satu masa di awal Perang Dingin, Morgenthau menjadi konsultan Deplu AS sementara Kennan memimpin Staf Perencanaan Kebijakannya. Sepanjang kariernya, Morgenthau merupakan kritikus akademik terhadap kebijakan luar negeri AS ketimbang menjadi perancangnya. Ia juga secara terbuka menentang keterlibatan Amerika Serikat di Vietnam.[1]

Karya tulis[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Scientific Man versus Power Politics (1946) Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
  • Politics Among Nations: The Struggle for Power and Peace (1948) New York NY: Alfred A. Knopf.
  • In Defense of the National Interest (1951) New York, NY: Alfred A. Knopf.
  • The Purpose of American Politics (1960) New York, NY: Alfred A. Knopf.
  • Crossroad Papers: A Look Into the American Future (ed.) (1965) New York, NY: Norton.
  • Truth and Power: Essays of a Decade, 1960-70 (1970) New York, NY: Praeger.
  • Coauthor with David Hein. Essays on Lincoln's Faith and Politics. (1983) Lanham, MD: Univ. Press of America for the Miller Center of Public Affairs at the Univ. of Virginia.

Lihat pula[sunting | sunting sumber]

Catatan kaki[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Zambernardi L., "The Impotence of Power: Morgenthau's Critique of American Intervention in Vietnam," Review of International Studies, 37, 2011, pp. 1335-1356.

Bacaan lanjutan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Bain, William. "Deconfusing Morgenthau: Moral Inquiry and Classical Realism Reconsidered." Review of International Studies 26, no. 3 (2000): 445-64.
  • Behr, Hartmut, and Amelia Heath. "Misreading in IR Theory and Ideology Critique: Morgenthau, Waltz and Neo-Realism." Review of International Studies 35 (2009): 327-49.
  • Bell, Duncan, ed. Political Thought and International Relations: Variations on a Realist Theme. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008.
  • Conces, Rory J. "Rethinking Realism (or Whatever) and the War on Terrorism in a Place Like the Balkans." Theoria 56 (2009): 81-124.
  • Cozette, Murielle. "Reclaiming the Critical Dimension of Realism: Hans J. Morgenthau on the Ethics of Scholarship." Review of International Studies 34 (2008): 5-27.
  • Craig, Campbell. Glimmer of a New Leviathan: Total War in the Realism of Niebuhr, Morgenthau, and Waltz. New York: Columbia University Press, 2003.
  • Donnelly, Jack. Realism and International Relations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
  • Frei, Christoph. Hans J. Morgenthau: An Intellectual Biography. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2001.
  • Gellman, Peter. "Hans J. Morgenthau and the Legacy of Political Realism." Review of International Studies 14 (1988): 247-66.
  • Griffiths, Martin. Realism, Idealism and International Politics. London: Routledge, 1992.
  • Guilhot, Nicolas. "The Realist Gambit: Postwar American Political Science and the Birth of IR Theory." International Political Sociology 4, no. 2 (2008):281-304.
  • Hacke, Christian, Gottfried-Karl Kindermann, and Kai M. Schellhorn, eds. The Heritage, Challenge, and Future of Realism: In Memoriam Hans J. Morgenthau (1904–1980). Göttingen, Germany: V&R unipress, 2005.
  • Hoffmann, Stanley. "Hans Morgenthau: The Limits and Influence of 'Realism'." In Janus and Minerva. Boulder, CO.: Westview, 1987, pp. 70-81.
  • Jütersonke, Oliver. "Hans J. Morgenthau on the Limits of Justiciability in International Law." Journal of the History of International Law 8, no. 2 (2006): 181-211.
  • Klusmeyer, Douglas. "Beyond Tragedy: Hannah Arendt and Hans Morgenthau on Responsibility, Evil and Political Ethics." International Studies Review 11, no.2 (2009): 332-351.
  • Lang, Anthony F., Jr., ed. Political Theory and International Affairs: Hans J. Morgenthau on Aristotle's The Politics. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2004.
  • Lebow, Richard Ned. The Tragic Vision of Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003.
  • Little, Richard. The Balance of Power in International Relations: Metaphors, Myths and Models. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.
  • Mazur, G. O., ed. One Hundred Year Commemoration to the Life of Hans Morgenthau. New York: Semenenko, 2004.
  • Mazur, G. O., ed. Twenty-Five Year Memorial Commemoration to the Life of Hans Morgenthau. New York: Semenenko, 2006.
  • Mearsheimer, John J. "Hans Morgenthau and the Iraq War: Realism Versus Neo-Conservatism." openDemocracy.net (2005).
  • Mollov, M. Benjamin. Power and Transcendence: Hans J. Morgenthau and the Jewish Experience. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 2002.
  • Molloy, Sean. "Aristotle, Epicurus, Morgenthau and the Political Ethics of the Lesser Evil." Journal of International Political Theory 5 (2009): 94-112.
  • Molloy, Sean. The Hidden History of Realism: A Genealogy of Power Politics. New York: Palgrave, 2006.
  • Murray, A. J. H. "The Moral Politics of Hans Morgenthau." The Review of Politics 58, no. 1 (1996): 81-107.
  • Myers, Robert J. "Hans J. Morgenthau: On Speaking Truth to Power." Society 29, no. 2 (1992): 65-71.
  • Neacsu, Mihaela. Hans J. Morgenthau's Theory of International Relations: Disenchantment and Re-Enchantment. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009.
  • Peterson, Ulrik. "Breathing Nietzsche's Air: New Reflections on Morgenthau's Concept of Power and Human Nature." Alternatives 24, no. 1 (1999): 83-113.
  • Pin-Fat, V. "The Metaphysics of the National Interest and the 'Mysticism' of the Nation-State: Reading Hans J. Morgenthau." Review of International Studies 31, no. 2 (2005): 217-36.
  • Russell, Greg. Hans J. Morgenthau and the Ethics of American Statecraft. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1990.
  • Scheuerman, William E. Hans Morgenthau: Realism and Beyond. Cambridge: Polity, 2009.
  • Scheuerman, William E. "Realism and the Left: The Case of Hans J. Morgenthau." Review of International Studies 34 (2008): 29-51.
  • Schuett, Robert. "Freudian Roots of Political Realism: The Importance of Sigmund Freud to Hans J. Morgenthau's Theory of International Power Politics." History of the Human Sciences 20, no. 4 (2007): 53-78.
  • Schuett, Robert. Political Realism, Freud, and Human Nature in International Relations: The Resurrection of the Realist Man. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.
  • Shilliam, Robbie. "Morgenthau in Context: German Backwardness, German Intellectuals and the Rise and Fall of a Liberal Project." European Journal of International Relations 13, no. 3 (2007): 299-327.
  • Smith, Michael J. Realist Thought from Weber to Kissinger. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1986.
  • Thompson, Kenneth W., and Robert J. Myers, eds. Truth and Tragedy: A Tribute to Hans J. Morgenthau. augmented ed. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction, 1984.
  • Tickner, J. Ann. "Hans Morgenthau's Principles of Political Realism: A Feminist Reformulation." Millennium: Journal of International Studies 17, no.3 (1988): 429-40.
  • Tjalve, Vibeke Schou. Realist Strategies of Republican Peace: Niebuhr, Morgenthau, and the Politics of Patriotic Dissent. New York: Palgrave, 2008.
  • Turner, Stephen, and G. O. Mazur. "Morgenthau as a Weberian Methodologist." European Journal of International Relations 15, no. 3 (2009): 477-504.
  • Williams, Michael C., ed. Realism Reconsidered: The Legacy of Hans Morgenthau in International Relations. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007.
  • Williams, Michael C. The Realist Tradition and the Limits of International Relations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.
  • Williams, Michael C. "Why Ideas Matter in International Relations: Hans Morgenthau, Classical Realism, and the Moral Construction of Power Politics." International Organization 58 (2004): 633-65.
  • Wong, Benjamin. "Hans Morgenthau's Anti-Machiavellian Machiavellianism." Millennium: Journal of International Studies 29, no. 2 (2000): 389-409.
  • Zambernardi, Lorenzo. I limiti della potenza. Etica e politica nella teoria internazionale di Hans J. Morgenthau. Bologna: Il Mulino, 2010.