B-52 Stratofortress

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B-52 Stratofortress
 Tipe Pesawat pengebom
 Produsen Boeing
 Terbang perdana 15 April 1952
 Status Aktif: 85[1]
Cadangan: 9[1]
 Pengguna Angkatan Udara Amerika Serikat
NASA
 Tahun produksi 1952-1962
 Jumlah produksi 744[2]
 Harga satuan US$14.43 million (B-52B)[3]
$9.28 million in 1962 (B-52H)
$53.4 million in 1998 (B-52H)[4]

Boeing B-52 Stratofortress merupakan sebuah pesawat pengebom strategis jarak jauh pengintai (reconnaissance aircraft) bermesin delapan yang digunakan oleh Angkatan Udara Amerika Serikat (USAF) sejak 1954, menggantikan Convair B-36 dan Boeing B-47. Walaupun dibuat untuk peran era Perang Dingin, pencegahan perang nuklir, pemakaian konvensionalnya pada masa kini adalah semakin penting dalam operasi-operasi USAF, di mana jarak jangkaunya yang jauh, muatan senjata beratnya, dan biaya operasionalnya yang ekonomis (dibanding dengan armada kapal pengebom strategis USAF yang lain) sangat berguna.

Spesifikasi[sunting | sunting sumber]

B-52 3-view.svg

Data dari Quest for Performance[3][5]

Ciri-ciri umum

Kinerja

Persenjataan

  • Senjata mesin: M61 Vulcan 1× 20 mm.
  • Munisi: sampai 60.000 lb (27,200 kg) bomb, peluru kendali, dan ranjau

Catatan kaki[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ a b Mehuron 2007, p. 62.
  2. ^ Knaack, 1988, p. 291.
  3. ^ a b Knaack 1988
  4. ^ B-52 Stratofortress Retrieved: 2 October 2007.
  5. ^ Loftin, LK, Jr. Quest for performance: The evolution of modern aircraft. NASA SP-468. [1] Retrieved: 22 April 2006.
  6. ^ a b c Air Force Fact Sheet
  7. ^ Baugher, Joe. Boeing B-52H Stratofortress. Retrieved: 12 October 2007.

Daftar pustaka[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Bowers, Peter M. "Boeing B-52A/H Stratofortress". Aircraft in Profile, Volume 13. Windsor, Berkshire, UK: Profile Publications Ltd., 1973, p. 241-265. ISBN 0-85383-022-3.
  • Budiansky, Stephen. Air Power: The Men, Machines, and Ideas that Revolutionized War, from Kitty Hawk to Iraq. New York: Penguin Books, 2004. ISBN 0-670-03285-9.
  • Cooke, David C. How Airplanes are Made. New York: Dodd, Mead & Company, 1956.
  • Davis, Larry. B-52 Stratofortress in action. Carrollton, Texas: Squadron/Signal Publications, 1992. ISBN 0-89747-289-6.
  • Development of the B-52: The Wright Field Story
  • Dick, Ron and Patterson, Dan. Aviation Century: War & Peace In The Air. Eden Prairie, Ontario: Boston Mills Press, 2006. ISBN 1-55046-430-2.
  • Donald, David. The Encyclopedia of World Aircraft. Etobicoke, Ontario, Canada: Prospero Books, 1997. ISBN 1-85605-375-X.
  • Drendel, Lou. B-52 Stratofortress in action. Carrollton, Texas: Squadron/Signal Publications, 1975. ISBN 0-89747-022-2.
  • Ethell, Jeffrey L. B-52 Stratofortress. London: Arms and Armour Press, 1989. ISBN 0-85368-937-7.
  • Flynn, Kelly J. Proud to Be: My Life, the Air Force, the Controversy. New York: Random House, 1997. ISBN 0-375-50109-6.
  • Futrell, R.F, Greenhalgh, W.H, Grubb, C., Hasselwander, G.E., Jakob, R.F. and Ravenstein, C.A. The United States Air Force in Southeast Asia – Aces and Aerial victories, 1965-1973. Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History, 1976. ISBN 0-89875-884-X.
  • Hobson, Chris. Vietnam Air Losses, USAF, USN, USMC, Fixed-Wing Aircraft Losses in Southeast Asia 1961–1973. North Branch, Minnesota: Specialty Press, 2001. ISBN 1-85780-115-6.
  • Knaack, Marcelle Size. Post-World War II Bombers, 1945-1973. Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History, 1988. ISBN 0-16-002260-6. Post-World War II Bombers, 1945-1973 (PDF).
  • Lloyd, Alwyn T. B-52 Stratofortress in Detail and Scale Vol. 27. Blue Ridge Summit, Pennsylvania: Tab Books Inc., 1988. ISBN 0-8306-8037-3.
  • Marshall, L. Michel. The Eleven Days of Christmas: America's Last Vietnam Battle. San Francisco: Encounter Books, 2002. ISBN 1-893554-24-4.
  • Mehuron, Tamar A., Assoc. Editor. "2007 USAF Almanac – Equipment." Air Force Magazine, Journal of the Air Force Association, Vol. 90, Issue 5, May 2007. ISSN: 0730-6784.
  • Winchester, Jim, ed. "Boeing B-52 Stratofortress (SAC) ". Military Aircraft of the Cold War (The Aviation Factfile). London: Grange Books plc, 2006. ISBN 1-84013-929-3.

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