Thubten Gyatso, Dalai Lama ke-13

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Thubten Gyatso
13th Dalai Lama
Reign31 Juli 1879 – 17 Desember 1933
PendahuluTrinley Gyatso, Dalai Lama ke-12
PenerusTenzin Gyatso, Dalai Lama ke-14
Wyliethub bstan rgya mtsho
Pronunciation[tʰuptɛ̃ catsʰɔ]
THDLThubten Gyatso
PinyinTudeng Jiācuò
Lahir(1876-02-12)12 Februari 1876
Thakpo Langdun, Ü-Tsang, Tibet
Wafat17 Desember 1933(1933-12-17) (umur 57)
Lhasa, Tibet

Templat:Tibetan Buddhism

Thubten Gyatso (Tibet: ཐུབ་བསྟན་རྒྱ་མཚོ་Wylie: Thub Bstan Rgya Mtsho; 12 Februari 1876 – 17 Desember 1933) adalah Dalai Lama Tibet ke-13.[1]

Keluarga[sunting | sunting sumber]

Dalai Lama ke-13 lahir dekat Monastri Sam-ye, provinsi Tak-po, pada tahun 1876 [2] dari orang tua bernama Kunga Rinchen dan Lobsang Dolma.[3]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Sheel, R. N. Rahul. "The Institution of the Dalai Lama". The Tibet Journal, Dharamsala, India. Vol. XIV No. 3. Autumn 1989, p. 28. ISSN 0970-5368
  2. ^ Bell (1946); p. 40-41
  3. ^

Catatan kaki[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Some text used with permission from The author of this text has requested that there appear a direct link to the website on which the information is taken. The original text can be found here:

Bacaan lebih lanjut[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Bell, Charles (1946) Portrait of a Dalai Lama: the Life and Times of the Great Thirteenth by Charles Alfred Bell, Sir Charles Bell, Publisher: Wisdom Publications (MA), January 1987, ISBN 978-0-86171-055-3 (first published as Portrait of the Dalai Lama: London: Collins, 1946).
  • Bell, Charles (1924) Tibet: Past and Present. Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • Bell, Charles (1931) The Religion of Tibet. Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • Gelek, Surkhang Wangchen. 1982. "Tibet: The Critical Years (Part 1) "The Thirteenth Dalai Lama". The Tibet Journal. Vol. VII, No. 4. Winter 1982, pp. 11–19.
  • Goldstein, Melvyn C. A History of Modern Tibet, 1913–1951: the demise of the Lamaist state (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1989) ISBN 978-0-520-07590-0
  • Mullin, Glenn H. (2001). The Fourteen Dalai Lamas: A Sacred Legacy of Reincarnation, pp. 376–451. Clear Light Publishers. Santa Fe, New Mexico. ISBN 1-57416-092-3.
  • Richardson, Hugh E.(1984): Tibet & its History. Boulder and London: Shambala. ISBN 0-87773-292-2.
  • Samten, Jampa. (2010). "Notes on the Thirteenth Dalai Lama's Confidential Letter to the Tsar of Russia." In: The Tibet Journal, Special issue. Autumn 2009 vol XXXIV n. 3-Summer 2010 vol XXXV n. 2. "The Earth Ox Papers", edited by Roberto Vitali, pp. 357–370.
  • Smith, Warren (1997):Tibetan Nation. New Delhi: HarperCollins. ISBN 0-8133-3155-2
  • Tamm, Eric Enno. "The Horse That Leaps Through Clouds: A Tale of Espionage, the Silk Road and the Rise of Modern China." Vancouver: Douglas & McIntyre, 2010, Chapter 17 & 18. ISBN 978-1-55365-269-4. See
  • Tsering Shakya (1999): The Dragon in the Land of Snows. A History of Modern Tibet since 1947. London:Pimlico. ISBN 0-7126-6533-1
  • The Wonderful Rosary of Jewels. An official biography compiled for the Tibetan Government, completed in February 1940
Jabatan Buddha
Didahului oleh:
Trinley Gyatso, Dalai Lama ke-12
Dalai Lama
Diteruskan oleh:
Tenzin Gyatso, Dalai Lama ke-14