Simon Dubnow

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Simon Dubnow
SimonDubnow.jpg
LahirShimon Meyerovich Dubnow
(1860-09-10)10 September 1860
Mstsislaw, Kekaisaran Rusia (kini Belarus)
Meninggal8 Desember 1941(1941-12-08) (umur 81)
Riga, Latvia
KebangsaanRusia
PekerjaanSejarawan, penulis dan aktivis

Simon Dubnow (juga disebut Dubnov, bahasa Rusia: Семён Ма́ркович Ду́бнов, tr. Semyon Markovich Dubnov; IPA: [sʲɪˈmʲɵn ˈmarkəvʲɪtɕ ˈdubnəf]; bahasa Yiddi: שמעון דובנאָװ, Shimen Dubnov; 10 September 1860 – 8 Desember 1941) adalah seorang sejarawan, penulis dan aktivis Yahudi-Rusia.

Kehidupan dan karir[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pada 1860,[1]:18 Simon Dubnow lahir dengan nama Shimon Meyerovich Dubnow (Шимон Меерович Дубнов) dari sebuah keluarga miskin besar di kota Mstsislaw, Provinsi Mahilyow, Belarusia. Sebagai penutur asli bahasa Yiddi, ia menerima pendidikan Yahudi tradisional di heder dan yeshiva, dimana bahasa Ibrani dipakai sebagai bahasa pengantar.

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Gessen, Masha (2016). Where the Jews aren't : the sad and absurd story of Birobidzhan, Russia's Jewish autonomous region (edisi ke-First). New York: Schocken Books. ISBN 9780805242461. 

Daftar pustaka[sunting | sunting sumber]

Karya terbitan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • World History of the Jewish People. His Russian manuscript История еврейского народа translated into German by Dr. A. Steinberg, published as: Weltgeschichte des Jüdischen Volkes (Berlin: Jüdischer Verlag 1925–1929), in ten volumes. Published in Russian (1936). Hebrew: Divre Yemei 'Am 'Olam (Berlin, Tel Aviv: Dvir 1923–1940), ten volumes. English: see below.
  • The newest history of the Jewish people, 1789–1914. German: Die neueste Geschichte des Jüdischen Volkes (Berlin: Jüdischer Verlag 1920–1923), three volumes. Russian: Новейшая история еврейского народа, in three volumes, updated in 1938.
  • The ancient history of the Jewish people. German: Die Alte Geschichte des Jüdischen Volkes (Berlin: Jüdischer Verlag 1925–1930), 7 vols.
  • Jewish history textbook. Russian: Учебник еврейской истории, in 3 volumes, 1901. English: see below.
  • Jewish history for school and home. Yiddish: Idishe Geshikhte far Shul un Haym (Riga 1934). French: Précis d'histoire juive des origines à nos jours (Paris 1936). Portuguese: Historia Judáica (Rio de Janeiro: Circulo Bibliofilo Hebráico 1948), 543 pp. Spanish: "Manual de la Historia Judía" (Buenos Aires: Editorial S. Sigal, seven editions through 1970), 672 pp.
  • A History of Hassidism, 3 vols; Yiddish: Geshikhte fun khasidizm (Vilna 1930). Hebrew: Toldot ha-hasidut (Tel Aviv 1930–1932). German: Geschichte des Chassidismus (Berlin 1931–1932). Spanish: Historia del Jasidismo (Buenos Aires: Conferación Pro-Cultura Judía 1976).
  • Records of the Lithuanian Council. Hebrew: Pinkas Medinat Lita (Berlin 1925).
  • Book of Simon Dubnow. Hebrew: Sefer Shimon Dubnov (London, Jerusalem: 1954), essays and letters, edited by S. Rawidowicz.
  • Book of My life. Russian: Моя жизнь or Kniga zhizni (Riga: Jaunátnes Gramata 1934–1935), three volumes. German: Buch des Leben (Berlin 1937; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck Ruprecht 2004), three volumes; selections: Mein Leben (Berlin 1937). Yiddish: Dos bukh fun mayn lebn (New York-Buenos Aires: Congress for Jewish Culture 1962–1963), three volumes.

Dalam bahasa Inggris[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • History of the Jews (South Brunswick, NJ: T. Yoseloff 1967–1973) in 5 volumes, translated from Russian by M. Spiegel of the ten-volume, 4th edition Istoriia Evreiskogo Naroda (History of the Jewish People).
  • Nationalism and History. Essays on old and new Judaism (Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society of America 1958), edited [collected, introduced, partly translated] by Koppel S. Pinson. [The "External Links" below provide limited access to some of its contents.]
  • A Short History of the Jewish People (London: M. L. Cailingold 1936), two volumes, translation by David Mowshowitch of the Russian Uchebnik evreiskoi istorii (1901).
  • History of the Jews in Russia and Poland. From the earliest times until the present day (Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society of America 1916–1920), three volumes, translated by Israel Friedlaender.
  • Jewish History. An essay in the philosophy of history (London: Macmillan 1903), translated from Russian to German by Israel Friedlaender, then from German to English by Henrietta Szold, 62 pages. Reprint 2004. First published in the Jewish journal Voskhod (St. Petersburg 1893). [English translation included by the editor Pinson (1958): see above.]
  • In Jewish Encyclopedia (New York 1903–04): "Council of the Four Lands" IV:304-308; "Jocob Frank" V:475-478; "Hasidism" VI:251-258.
  • Two short excerpts from his autobiography (Riga 1934–1935), translated from its Yiddish version (1962–1963), in Dawidowicz, editor, The Golden Tradition. Jewish Life and Thought in Eastern Europe (Boston: Beacon Press 1967): "Under the Sign of Historicism" at 232–242, and "Jewish Rights between Red and Black" at 461–470.

Tafsir[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • K. Groberg and A. Greenbaum, editors, A Missionary for History: essays in honor of Simon Dubnow (University of Minnesota 1998).
  • A. Steinberg, editor, Simon Dubnow. L'homme et son oeuvre (Paris: Section Française de Congrés Juif Mondial 1963). Several languages.
  • Josef Fraenkel, Dubnow, Herzl, and Ahad Ah-am: Political and cultural Zionism (London: Ararat Publishing Society 1963).
  • Joshua Rothenberg, Shim'on Dubnov: tsu zayn hundert-yorikn geboyrntog (New York: Idish-natsyonaler arbeter farband 1961).
  • YIVO Institute for Jewish Research, Simon Dubnow 1860-1941. Life & work of a Jewish historian (New York 1961), exhibition catelogue.
  • Sofia Dubnova-Erlikh, Zhizn i tvorchestvo S. M. Dubnova (New York 1950), memoir and biography by his daughter, translated from the Russian as: The Life and Work of S. M. Dubnow. Diaspora nationalism and Jewish history (Inidiana University & YIVO 1991); introduced by Jonathan Frankel, "S. M. Dubnow. Historian and Ideologist" at 1-33.
  • Elias Tcherikower, editor, Simon Dubnov lekoved zayn finf um zibetsikstn yoyvl (Vilna: Yidisher Visnshaftlekher Institut 1937).
  • Israel Friedlaender, Dubnow's Theory of Jewish Nationalism (New York: The Maccabaean Publishing Co. 1905).

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tulisan[sunting | sunting sumber]