Saadia Gaon

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Sa'adiah ben Yosef Gaon (bahasa Arab: سعيد بن يوسف الفيومي‎ / Saʻīd bin Yūsuf al-Fayyūmi, Sa'id ibn Yusuf al-Dilasi, Saadia ben Yosef aluf, Sa'id ben Yusuf ra's al-Kull;[1] Ibrani: רבי סעדיה בן יוסף אלפיומי גאון'; nama Inggris alternatif: Rabbeinu Sa'adiah Gaon (" Rabi kami, Saadia Gaon"), sering kali disingkat RSG (RaSaG), Saadia b. Joseph,[2] Saadia ben Joseph atau Saadia ben Joseph dari Faym atau Saadia ben Joseph Al-Fayyumi; (882/892 – 942)[3][4] adalah seorang rabi, filsuf Yahudi, dan pakar zaman Geonik yang aktif di Kekhalifahan Abbasiyah. Sebagai figur rabinik penting pertama yang giat menulis dalam bahasa Arab, ia dianggap sebagai pendiri sastra Yudeo-Arab.[5] Dikenal atas karyanya tentang linguistik Ibrani, Halakha, dan filsafat Yahudi, ia adalah salah satu praktisioner paling menonjol dari mazhab filsafat yang disebut sebagai "Kalam Yahudi" (Stroumsa 2003).

Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Gil, Moshe & Strassler, David (2004). Jews in Islamic countries in the Middle Ages. Leiden: Brill. hlm. 348. ISBN 90-04-13882-X. .
  2. ^ SAADIA B. JOSEPH (Sa'id al-Fayyumi), jewishencyclopedia.com; Article
  3. ^ The traditional birth year of 892 was exclusively cited before 1921 and is still occasionally cited. It rests on a statement by the twelfth-century historian Abraham ibn Daud that Saadia was "about fifty" years old when he died. The modern birth year of 882 rests on an 1113 CE Genizah fragment containing a list of Saadia's writings compiled by his sons eleven years after his death, which stated that he was "sixty years less forty ... days" at death. Henry Malter, "Postscript", Saadia Gaon: His life and works (1921) 421–428. Jacob [Jocob] Mann, "A fihrist of Sa'adya's works", The Jewish Quarterly Review new series 11 (1921) 423-428. Malter rejected 882 because it was in conflict with other known events in Saadia's life. He suspected an error by a copyist. The year 882 is now generally accepted because its source is closer in both time and space to his death. Abraham Firkovich had previously held the opinion that Saadia Gaon was born in 862, based on the view that he was aged twenty when he first began writing his Sefer Ha-Iggaron in 882 (See: Abraham Firkovich, Hebrew Newspaper Hamelitz - 1868, Issue 26–27)
  4. ^ Bar Ilan CD-ROM
  5. ^ Scheindlin, Raymond P. (2000). A Short History of the Jewish People: From Legendary Times to Modern Statehood (edisi ke-Illustrated). Oxford University Press US. hlm. 80. ISBN 9780195139419. 

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Artikel ini memadukan teks dari Jewish Encyclopedia 1901–1906 , sebuah terbitan yang kini berada di ranah publik.
  • Saadya Gaon, The Book of Doctrines and Beliefs, Hackett, 2002
  • Salo W. Baron, "Saadia's communal activities", Saadia Anniversary Volume (1943) 9-74.
  • M. Friedländer, "Life and works of Saadia", The Jewish Quarterly Review 5 (1893) 177-199.
  • Gyongyi Hegedeus, Saadya Gaon. The Double Path of the Mystic and Rationalist, Brill, 2013
  • Robert Brody, Sa'adiyah Gaon, (Litman Library of Jewish Civilization, 2013).
  • Ivry, Alfred L. (1989). "The contribution of Alexander Altmann to the study of medieval Jewish philosophy". Dalam Arnold Paucker. Leo Baeck Institute Year Book XXXIV. London: Secker & Warburg. hlm. 433–440. .
  • Henry Malter, Saadia Gaon: His life and works (Morris Loeb Series, Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society of America, 1921, several later reprints).
  • Stroumsa, Sarah (2003). "Saadya and Jewish kalam". Dalam Frank, Daniel H.; Leaman, Oliver. The Cambridge Companion to Medieval Jewish Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. hlm. 71–90. ISBN 978-0-521-65207-0. 
  • Wein, Berel (November 1993). Herald of Destiny: The Story of the Jews 750-1650. Brooklyn, NY: Shaar Press. hlm. 4–12. ISBN 0-89906-237-7. 

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