Manuel Noriega

Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Manuel Noriega
Manuel Noriega mug shot.jpg
Mugshot of Noriega, after his surrender (1990)
ke-Pemimpin militer Panama
Masa jabatan
12 Agustus 1983 – 20 Desember 1989
(6 tahun, 130 hari)
Presiden Ricardo de la Espriella
Jorge Illueca
Nicolás Ardito Barletta Vallarino
Eric Arturo Delvalle
Manuel Solís
Francisco Rodríguez
Pendahulu Rubén Darío Paredes
Pengganti Guillermo Endara (sebagai Presiden Panama)
Informasi pribadi
Lahir 11 Februari 1934
Panama City, Panama
Meninggal dunia 29 Mei 2017 (umur 83)
Panama City, Panama
Sebab kematian Complications from brain surgery
Pasangan Felicidad Sieiro de Noriega
Anak 3
Alma mater Sekolah Militer Chorrillos
School of the Americas

Manuel Antonio Noriega Moreno[1] (pengucapan bahasa Spanyol: [maˈnwel noˈɾjeɣa]; lahir 11 Februari 1934; umur 84 tahun) adalah prajurit dan politisi asal Panama. Ia adalah Diktaktor militer Panama dari tahun 1983 hingga 1989.[2]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Boyd Marciacq, Carmen. "Noriega: el dictador." El Siglo. Retrieved on January 8, 2010.
  2. ^ Serrill, Michael S. (2001-01-24). "Panama Noriega's Money Machine". Time. 

Bacaan lanjutan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • William Blum "The CIA, Contras, Gangs, and Crack" at Foreign Policy in Focus
  • Cole, Ronald. Grenada, Panama, and Haiti. United States of America: Joint History Office – Defense Technical Information Center, US Department of Defense. 1998, 1999.
  • Dinges, John, Our Man in Panama: The Shrewd Rise and Brutal Fall of Manuel Noriega, New York, Random House, 1991. ISBN 0-8129-1950-5
  • Noriega, Manuel and Eisner, Peter. America's Prisoner – The Memoirs of Manuel Noriega. Random House, 1997.
  • Koster, R.M. and Sánchez, Guillermo. In the Time of the Tyrants: Panama, 1968–1990. W W Norton & Co Inc, 1990.
  • Murillo, Luis E. (1995). The Noriega Mess: The Drugs, the Canal, and Why America Invaded. 1096 pages, illustrated. Berkeley: Video Books. ISBN 0-923444-02-5.
  • Robert C. Harding (2001). Military Foundations of Panamanian Politics, Transaction Publishers.
  • Robert C. Harding (2006) The History of Panama, Greenwood Publishing.

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Jabatan militer
Didahului oleh:
Rubén Darío Paredes
Pemimpin militer Panama
1983–1989
Diteruskan oleh:
Guillermo Endara (sebagai Presiden Panama)