LaVern Baker

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LaVern Baker
Baker pada 1956
Baker pada 1956
Informasi latar belakang
Nama lahirDelores Evans
Nama lainDelores Williams
Little Miss Sharecropper
Bea Baker
Lahir(1929-11-11)11 November 1929
Chicago, Illinois, Amerika Serikat
Meninggal10 Maret 1997(1997-03-10) (umur 67)
Queens, New York, Amerika Serikat
GenreBlues, R&B
PekerjaanPenyanyi, aktris
Tahun aktif1946–1991
LabelNational, Okeh, Columbia, Atlantic, London, Brunswick
Artis terkaitJackie Wilson

Delores LaVern Baker (November 11, 1929 – March 10, 1997) adalah seorang penyanyi R&B asal Amerika Serikat yang berhasil memiliki beberapa lagu hits di tangga musik tahun 1950an dan awal 1960an. Lagunya yang paling sukses adalah "Tweedle Dee" (1965), "Jim Dandy" (1956), dan "I Cried a Tear" (1958).

Kehidupan awal[sunting | sunting sumber]

Baker dilahirkan dengan nama Delores Evans di Chicago.[1] Beberapa sumber menyebutnya sebagai Delores Williams, nama yang ia gunakan ketika masa awal pernikahannya dengan Eugene Williams.[2][3]

Karier[sunting | sunting sumber]

Baker mulai bernyanyi di klub-klub di Chicago seperti di Club DeLisa pada sekitar tahun 1946, dan sering disebut sebagai Little Miss Sharecropper,[4] dan kemudian ia pun menggunakan nama tersebut dalam album rekamannya pada 1949. Ia mengubah namanya menjadi Bea Baker ketika merekam album untuk Label Rekaman Okeh pada 1951 dan lalu menjadi LaVern Baker ketika ia bernnyanyi dengan Todd Rhodes dalam bandnya pada 1952.[2]

Pada tahun 1953 ia menandatangani kontrak dengan Label Rekaman Atlantic sebagai artis solo, dengan lagu pertamanya "Soul on Fire". Lagu hitsnya datang pada 1955, yaitu lagu "Tweedle Dee" dengan tempo Latin. Lagu tersebut meraih nomor 4 di tangga musik R&B dan nomor 14 di tangga musik nasional pop Amerika Serikat.

Georgia Gibbs menyanyikan kembali lagu tersebut dan meraih nomor 1, kemudian membuat Baker menuntutnya dan mengirim petisi ke Kongres AS untuk mempertimbangkan pelanggaran hak cipta terhadap lagu cover. Baker tidak memenangkan tuntutannya itu.[5][6]

Kematian[sunting | sunting sumber]

Baker meninggal karena penyakit kardiovaskular pada 10 Maret 1997, saat berumur 67 tahun. Ia dimakamkan di sebuah plot tanah tak bertanda di Maple Grove Cemetery, in Kew Gardens, New York. Sejarawan lokal di sana menggalang dana untuk membeli nisan yang dipasang pada 4 Mei 2008.[7]

Diskografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Single[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tahun Single (Sisi A, Sisi B)

Kedua sisi dari album yang sama kecuali disebutkan lain

Posisi di Tangga Musik Album
U.S. U.S.

R&B
1953 "Soul on Fire"

b/w "How Can You Leave a Man Like This"
LaVern Baker
1954 "I Can't Hold Out Any Longer"

b/w "I'm Living My Life for You"
Non-album tracks
1955 "Tweedlee Dee"

b/w "Tomorrow Night"
14 4 LaVern Baker
"Bop-Ting-a-Ling" / 3
"That's All I Need" 6
"Play It Fair"

b/w "Lucky Old Sun"
2
1956 "My Happiness Forever" / 13
"Get Up Get Up" 15
"Fee Fee Fi Fo Fum"

b/w "I'll Do the Same for You"
Non-album tracks
"Still" / 97 4 LaVern Baker
"I Can't Love You Enough" 22 7
"Jim Dandy" / 17 1
"Tra La La" 94 Flip
1957 "Jim Dandy Got Married"

b/w "The Game of Love"
76 7 Non-album tracks
"Humpty Dumpty Heart"

b/w "Love Me Right"
71 Blues Ballads
"St. Louis Blues"

b/w "Miracles" (from LaVern)
1958 "Substitute"

b/w "Learning to Love"
Non-album tracks
"Harbor Lights"

b/w "Whipper Snapper" (from Blues Ballads)
LaVern
"It's So Fine"

b/w "Why Baby Why"
24 Blues Ballads
"I Cried a Tear"

b/w "Dix-a-Billy"
6 2
1959 "I Waited Too Long"

b/w "You're Teasing Me"
33 5
"So High So Low" / 52 12
"If You Love Me" 79
"Tiny Tim"

b/w "For Love of You" (from Saved)
63 18 Non-album track
1960 "Shake a Hand"

b/w "Manana"
13 Saved
"Wheel of Fortune" / 83
"Shadows of Love" 83
"A Help-Each-Other Romance"

b/w "How Often"

Both tracks with Ben E. King
Non-album tracks
"Bumble Bee"

b/w "My Time Will Come"
46 Saved
1961 "You're the Boss" (with Jimmy Ricks) / 81 Non-album tracks
"I'll Never Be Free" (with Jimmy Ricks) 103
"Saved"

b/w "Don Juan"
37 17 Saved
"I Didn't Know I Was Crying"[8]

b/w "Hurtin' Inside"
Non-album tracks
"Hey, Memphis"

b/w "Voodoo Voodoo"
1962 "No Love So True"

b/w "Must I Cry Again" (from Saved)
"See See Rider"

b/w "The Story of My Love"
34 9 See See Rider
1963 "Trouble in Mind"

b/w "Half of Your Love" (from See See Rider)
Non-album tracks
"Itty Bitty Girl"

b/w "Oh, Johnny Oh, Johnny"
1964 "You Better Find Yourself Another Fool"

b/w "Go Away"
128
1965 "Fly Me to the Moon"

b/w "Ain't Gonna Cry No More"
84 31
"Let Me Belong to You"

b/w "Pledging My Love"
Let Me Belong to You
1966 "Think Twice" (with Jackie Wilson) / 93 37 Non-album tracks
"Please Don't Hurt Me" (with Jackie Wilson) 128
"One Monkey (Don't Stop the Show)"

b/w "Baby" (from Let Me Belong to You)
"Batman to the Rescue"

b/w "Call Me Darling" (from Let Me Belong to You)
135
1967 "Wrapped, Tied and Tangled"

b/w "Nothing Like Being in Love"
"Born to Lose"

b/w "I Need You So"
Let Me Belong to You
1969 "I'm the One to Do It"

b/w "Baby"

LaVern (1956)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Side A

  1. "Lots and Lots of Love"
  2. "Of Course I Do"
  3. "You'll Be Crying"
  4. "Miracles"
  5. "I'm in a Crying Mood"
  6. "Mine All Mine"

Side B

  1. "Harbour Lights"
  2. "I'll Never Be Free"
  3. "Romance in the Dark"
  4. "Everybody's Somebody's Fool"
  5. "How Long Will It Be"
  6. "Fool That I Am"

LaVern Baker (1957)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Side A

  1. "Jim Dandy"
  2. "Tra La La"
  3. "I Can't Love You Enough"
  4. "Get Up, Get Up (You Sleepy Head)"
  5. "That's All I Need"
  6. "Bop-Ting-a-Ling"
  7. "Tweedlee Dee"

Side B

  1. "Still"
  2. "Play It Fair"
  3. "Tomorrow Night"
  4. "That Lucky Old Sun"
  5. "Soul on Fire"
  6. "My Happiness Forever"
  7. "How Can You Leave a Man Like This?"

LaVern Baker Sings Bessie Smith (1958)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Side A

  1. "Gimme a Pigfoot (And a Bottle of Beer)"
  2. "Baby Doll"
  3. "On Revival Day"
  4. "Money Blues"
  5. "I Ain't Gonna Play No Second Fiddle"
  6. "Back Water Blues"

Side B

  1. "Empty Bed Blues"
  2. "There'll Be a Hot Time in the Old Town Tonight"
  3. "Nobody Knows You When You're Down and Out"
  4. "After You've Gone"
  5. "Young Woman's Blues"
  6. "Preaching the Blues"

Blues Ballads (1959)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Side A

  1. "I Cried a Tear"
  2. "If You Love Me"
  3. "You're Teasing Me"
  4. "Love Me Right"
  5. "Dix-a-Billy"
  6. "So High So Low"

Side B

  1. "I Waited Too Long"
  2. "Why Baby Why"
  3. "Humpty Dumpty Heart"
  4. "It's So Fine"
  5. "Whipper Snapper"
  6. "St. Louis Blues"

Precious Memories: LaVern Baker Sings Gospel (1959)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Side A

  1. "Precious Memories"
  2. "Carrying the Cross for My Boss"
  3. "Just a Closer Walk with Thee"
  4. "Touch Me, Lord Jesus"
  5. "Didn't It Rain"
  6. "Precious Lord"

Side B

  1. "Somebody Touched Me"
  2. "In the Upper Room"
  3. "Journey to the Sky"
  4. "Everytime I Feel the Spirit"
  5. "Too Close"
  6. "Without a God"

Saved (1961)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Side A

  1. "Saved"
  2. "For Love of You"
  3. "Manana"
  4. "My Time Will Come"
  5. "Shadows of Love"
  6. "Must I Cry Again"

Side B

  1. "Bumble Bee"
  2. "Shake a Hand"
  3. "Don Juan"
  4. "Wheel of Fortune"
  5. "Senor Big and Fine"
  6. "Eternally"

See See Rider (1963)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Side A

  1. "See See Rider"
  2. "You Better Stop"
  3. "He's a Real Gone Guy"
  4. "Story of My Love"
  5. "You Said"
  6. "I'm Leavin' You"

Side B

  1. "Don't Let the Stars Get in Your Eyes"
  2. "Trying"
  3. "Half of Your Love"
  4. "A Little Bird Told Me So"
  5. "Endless Love"
  6. "All the Time"

Let Me Belong to You (1970)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Side A

  1. "Pledging My Love"
  2. "Let Me Belong to You"
  3. "I'm the One to Do It"
  4. "Baby"
  5. "Born to Lose"

Side B

  1. "Call Me Darling"
  2. "Love Is Ending"
  3. "Baby Don't You Do It"
  4. "I Need You So"
  5. "Play It Fair"

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Eagle, Bob; LeBlanc, Eric S. (2013). Blues: A Regional Experience. Santa Barbara, California: Praeger. hlm. 67. ISBN 978-0313344237. 
  2. ^ a b Goldberg, Marv (2009). "Lavern Baker". Marv Goldberg's R&B Notebooks. Retrieved May 25, 2014.
  3. ^ "Lavern Baker Marries Comedian Slappy White". Baltimore Afro-American. February 21, 1959. hlm. 4. Diakses tanggal September 12, 2013. 
  4. ^ Deffaa, Chip (1996). Blue Rhythms: Six Lives in Rhythm and Blues. University of Illinois Press. ISBN 0-252-02203-3, ISBN 978-0-252-02203-6.
  5. ^ ""Black" Music Gets Whitewashed, as Georgia Gibbs Hits the Pop Charts with "The Wallflower (Dance With Me, Henry)"". Diakses tanggal October 8, 2013. 
  6. ^ Pareles, Jon. "LaVern Baker Is Dead at 67; a Rhythm-and-Blues Veteran". Diakses tanggal 8 October 2013. 
  7. ^ Profile Diarsipkan 2008-12-23 di Wayback Machine., Nysac.com; accessed September 28, 2014.
  8. ^ "LaVern Baker - Hurtin' Inside / I Didn't Know I Was Crying". Discogs.com. Diakses tanggal 27 October 2017. 

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]