Ketua Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Amerika Serikat

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Menurut Undang-undang Dasar Amerika Serikat, ketua Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat (bahasa Inggris: Speaker of the United States House of Representatives) dijabat oleh Senator yang paling senior.

Daftar Ketua Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat[sunting | sunting sumber]

Cong. Name Party District[a] Term of service
1st Frederick Muhlenberg.jpg Frederick Muhlenberg style="background:Templat:Pro-Administration Party (United States)/meta/color;" | Pro-Administration X April 1, 1789 –
March 4, 1791
2nd JonathanTrumbull.jpg Jonathan Trumbull Jr. style="background:Templat:Pro-Administration Party (United States)/meta/color;" | Pro-Administration X October 24, 1791 –
March 4, 1793
3rd Frederick Muhlenberg.jpg Frederick Muhlenberg style="background:Templat:Anti-Administration Party (United States)/meta/color;" | Anti-Administration X December 2, 1793[b]
March 4, 1795
4th JDayton.jpg Jonathan Dayton rowspan=2 style="background-color:Templat:Federalist Party/meta/color" | Federalist X December 7, 1795 –
March 4, 1797
5th May 15, 1797 –
March 4, 1799
6th TheodoreSedgwick.jpg Theodore Sedgwick style="background-color:Templat:Federalist Party/meta/color" | Federalist X December 2, 1799[c]
March 4, 1801
7th NC-Congress-NathanielMacon.jpg Nathaniel Macon rowspan=3 style="background-color:Templat:Democratic-Republican Party/meta/color" | Democratic-
Republican
X December 7, 1801 –
March 4, 1803
8th X October 17, 1803 –
March 4, 1805
9th December 2, 1805[b]
March 4, 1807
10th JosephBradleyVarnum.jpg Joseph Bradley Varnum rowspan=2 style="background-color:Templat:Democratic-Republican Party/meta/color" | Democratic-
Republican
X October 26, 1807 –
March 4, 1809
11th May 22, 1809[c]
March 4, 1811
12th Henry Clay.JPG Henry Clay rowspan=2 style="background-color:Templat:Democratic-Republican Party/meta/color" | Democratic-
Republican
X November 4, 1811 –
March 4, 1813
13th X May 24, 1813 –
January 19, 1814
(Resigned)
LangdonCheves.jpg Langdon Cheves style="background-color:Templat:Democratic-Republican Party/meta/color" | Democratic-
Republican
X January 19, 1814 –
March 4, 1815
14th Henry Clay.JPG Henry Clay rowspan=3 style="background-color:Templat:Democratic-Republican Party/meta/color" | Democratic-
Republican
X December 4, 1815 –
March 4, 1817
15th December 1, 1817 –
March 4, 1819
16th December 6, 1819 –
October 28, 1820
(Resigned)
SpeakerTaylor.png John W. Taylor style="background-color:Templat:Democratic-Republican Party/meta/color" | Democratic-
Republican
X November 15, 1820[d]
March 4, 1821
17th PPBarbour.jpg Philip Pendleton Barbour style="background-color:Templat:Democratic-Republican Party/meta/color" | Democratic-
Republican
X December 4, 1821[e]
March 4, 1823
18th Henry Clay.JPG Henry Clay style="background-color:Templat:Democratic-Republican Party/meta/color" | Democratic-
Republican
X December 1, 1823 –
March 4, 1825
19th SpeakerTaylor.png John W. Taylor style="background-color:Templat:National Republican Party (United States)/meta/color | Adams Republican X December 5, 1825[c]
March 4, 1827
20th SpeakerStevenson.png Andrew Stevenson rowspan=4 style="background-color:Templat:Jacksonian Party (United States)/meta/color | Jacksonian X December 3, 1827 –
March 4, 1829
21st December 7, 1829 –
March 4, 1831
22nd December 5, 1831 –
March 4, 1833
23rd X December 2, 1833 –
June 2, 1834
(Resigned)
John Bell.jpg John Bell style="background-color:Templat:Jacksonian Party (United States)/meta/color" | Jacksonian X June 2, 1834[f]
March 4, 1835
24th James Knox Polk by GPA Healy, 1858.jpg James K. Polk style="background-color:Templat:Jacksonian Party (United States)/meta/color | Jacksonian X December 7, 1835 –
March 4, 1837
25th Democratic September 4, 1837 –
March 4, 1839
26th RbrtMTHntr.jpg Robert M. T. Hunter style="background-color:Templat:Whig Party (United States)/meta/color" | Whig X December 16, 1839[g]
March 4, 1841
27th John White.jpg John White style="background-color:Templat:Whig Party (United States)/meta/color" | Whig X May 31, 1841 –
March 4, 1843
28th JohnWinstonJones.jpg John Winston Jones Democratic X December 4, 1843 –
March 4, 1845
29th John Wesley Davis.jpg John Wesley Davis Democratic X December 1, 1845 –
March 4, 1847
30th RCWinthrop.jpg Robert Charles Winthrop style="background-color:Templat:Whig Party (United States)/meta/color" | Whig X December 6, 1847[b]
March 4, 1849
31st Cobb, Howell2.jpg Howell Cobb Democratic X December 22, 1849[h]
March 4, 1851
32nd LinnBoyd.jpg Linn Boyd Democratic X December 1, 1851 –
March 4, 1853
33rd December 5, 1853 –
March 4, 1855
34th Nathaniel Prentice Banks.jpg Nathaniel P. Banks American X February 2, 1856[i]
March 4, 1857
35th James Lawrence Orr - Brady-Handy.jpg James Lawrence Orr Democratic X December 7, 1857 –
March 4, 1859
36th William Pennington portrait.jpg William Pennington Republican X February 1, 1860[j]
March 4, 1861
37th GalushaAaron.jpg Galusha A. Grow Republican X July 4, 1861 –
March 4, 1863
38th Schuyler Colfax, photo portrait seated, c1855-1865.jpg Schuyler Colfax Republican X December 7, 1863 –
March 4, 1865
39th December 4, 1865 –
March 4, 1867
40th March 4, 1867 –
March 3, 1869
Theodore Medad Pomeroy - Brady-Handy.jpg Theodore M. Pomeroy Republican X March 3–4, 1869
41st James G. Blaine - Brady-Handy.jpg James G. Blaine Republican X March 4, 1869 –
March 4, 1871
42nd March 4, 1871 –
March 4, 1873
43rd March 4, 1873 –
March 4, 1875
44th Michael C. Kerr - Brady-Handy.jpg Michael C. Kerr Democratic X December 6, 1875 –
August 19, 1876
(Died)
Samuel J. Randall - Brady-Handy.jpg Samuel J. Randall Democratic X December 4, 1876 –
March 4, 1877
45th October 15, 1877 –
March 4, 1879
46th March 18, 1879 –
March 4, 1881
47th J. Warren Keifer - Brady-Handy.jpg J. Warren Keifer Republican X December 5, 1881 –
March 4, 1883
48th John Griffin Carlisle, Brady-Handy photo portrait, ca1870-1880.jpg John G. Carlisle Democratic X December 3, 1883 –
March 4, 1885
49th December 7, 1885 –
March 4, 1887
50th December 5, 1887 –
March 4, 1889
51st Thomas Brackett Reed by John Singer Sargent.jpg Thomas Brackett Reed Republican X December 2, 1889 –
March 4, 1891
(Lost majority)
52nd CharlesFrederickCrisp.jpg Charles Frederick Crisp Democratic X December 8, 1891 –
March 4, 1893
53rd August 7, 1893 –
March 4, 1895
(Lost majority)
54th Thomas Brackett Reed by John Singer Sargent.jpg Thomas Brackett Reed Republican X December 2, 1895 –
March 4, 1897
55th March 15, 1897 –
March 4, 1899
(Retired from speakership)
56th DavidBremmerHenderson.jpg David B. Henderson Republican X December 4, 1899 –
March 4, 1901
57th December 2, 1901 –
March 4, 1903
(Retired)
58th SpeakerCannon.png Joseph Gurney Cannon Republican X November 9, 1903 –
March 4, 1905
59th December 4, 1905 –
March 4, 1907
60th December 2, 1907 –
March 4, 1909
61st March 15, 1909 –
March 4, 1911
(Lost majority)
62nd James Beauchamp Clark.jpg Champ Clark Democratic X April 4, 1911 –
March 4, 1913
63rd April 7, 1913 –
March 4, 1915
64th December 6, 1915 –
March 4, 1917
65th April 2, 1917 –
March 4, 1919
(Lost majority)
66th Frederick Gillett.jpg Frederick H. Gillett Republican X May 19, 1919 –
March 4, 1921
67th April 11, 1921 –
March 4, 1923
68th December 3, 1923[k]
March 4, 1925
(Elected to U.S. Senate)
69th Nick Longworth Portrait.JPG Nicholas Longworth Republican X December 7, 1925 –
March 4, 1927
70th December 5, 1927 –
March 4, 1929
71st April 15, 1929 –
March 4, 1931
(Lost majority)
72nd John n garner.jpg John Nance Garner Democratic X December 7, 1931 –
March 4, 1933
(Elected U.S. vice president)
73rd SpeakerRainey.png Henry Thomas Rainey Democratic X March 9, 1933 –
August 19, 1934
(Died)
74th Joseph Byrns.jpg Joseph W. Byrns Sr. Democratic X January 3, 1935 –
June 4, 1936
(Died)
SpeakerBankhead.png William B. Bankhead Democratic X June 4, 1936 –
January 3, 1937
75th January 5, 1937 –
January 3, 1939
76th January 3, 1939 –
September 15, 1940
(Died)
Samuel Taliaferro Rayburn.jpg Sam Rayburn Democratic X September 16, 1940 –
January 3, 1941
77th January 3, 1941 –
January 3, 1943
78th January 6, 1943 –
January 3, 1945
79th January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1947
(Lost majority)
80th SPEAKER JWMartin.jpg Joseph W. Martin Jr. Republican X January 3, 1947 –
January 3, 1949
(Lost majority)
81st Samuel Taliaferro Rayburn.jpg Sam Rayburn Democratic X January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1951
82nd January 3, 1951 –
January 3, 1953
(Lost majority)
83rd SPEAKER JWMartin.jpg Joseph W. Martin Jr. Republican X January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1955
(Lost majority)
84th Samuel Taliaferro Rayburn.jpg Sam Rayburn Democratic X January 3, 1955 –
January 3, 1957
85th January 3, 1957 –
January 3, 1959
86th January 7, 1959 –
January 3, 1961
87th January 3, 1961 –
November 16, 1961
(Died)
Speaker John McCormack.jpg John W. McCormack Democratic X January 10, 1962 –
January 3, 1963
88th X January 9, 1963 –
January 3, 1965
89th January 4, 1965 –
January 3, 1967
90th January 10, 1967 –
January 3, 1969
91st January 3, 1969 –
January 3, 1971
(Retired)
92nd Speaker Albert - portrait.jpg Carl Albert Democratic X January 21, 1971 –
January 3, 1973
93rd January 3, 1973 –
January 3, 1975
94th January 14, 1975 –
January 3, 1977
(Retired)
95th SpeakerO'Neill.jpg Tip O'Neill Democratic X January 4, 1977 –
January 3, 1979
96th January 15, 1979 –
January 3, 1981
97th January 5, 1981 –
January 3, 1983
98th January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1985
99th January 3, 1985 –
January 3, 1987
(Retired)
100th SpeakerWright.jpg Jim Wright Democratic X January 6, 1987 –
January 3, 1989
101st January 3, 1989 –
June 6, 1989
(Resigned)
SpeakerFoley.jpg Tom Foley Democratic X June 6, 1989 –
January 3, 1991
102nd January 3, 1991 –
January 3, 1993
103rd January 5, 1993 –
January 3, 1995
(Lost seat and majority)
104th SpeakerGingrich.jpg Newt Gingrich Republican X January 4, 1995 –
January 3, 1997
105th January 7, 1997 –
January 3, 1999
(Resigned)
106th SpeakerHastert.jpg Dennis Hastert Republican X January 6, 1999 –
January 3, 2001
107th January 3, 2001 –
January 3, 2003
108th January 7, 2003 –
January 3, 2005
109th January 3, 2005 –
January 3, 2007
(Lost majority)
110th Speaker Nancy Pelosi.jpg Nancy Pelosi Democratic X January 4, 2007 –
January 3, 2009
111th January 6, 2009 –
January 3, 2011
(Lost majority)
112th Speaker Boehner.tif John Boehner Republican X January 5, 2011 –
January 3, 2013
113th January 3, 2013 –
January 3, 2015
114th January 6, 2015 –
October 29, 2015
(Resigned)
Paul Ryan official photo.jpg Paul Ryan Republican X October 29, 2015 –
January 3, 2017
115th January 3, 2017 –
January 3, 2019
(Retired and lost majority)
116th Speaker Nancy Pelosi.jpg Nancy Pelosi Democratic X January 3, 2019 –
Present
(Incumbent)
      Pro-Administration (2)[l] •       Anti-Administration (1)[l] •       Federalist (2) •       Democratic-Republican (6)[m] •
      Adams Republican (1)[m] •       Jacksonian (3)[n] •       Democratic (22)[n] •       Whig (3) •       American (1) •       Republican (16)

Table notes:

  1. ^ The district listed is the district the speaker represented at the time they were in office, which may be different in different Congresses due to redistricting.
  2. ^ a b c Elected on 3rd ballot
  3. ^ a b c Elected on 2nd ballot
  4. ^ Elected on 22nd ballot
  5. ^ Elected on 12th ballot
  6. ^ Elected on 10th ballot
  7. ^ Elected on 11th ballot
  8. ^ Elected on 63rd ballot
  9. ^ Elected on 133rd ballot
  10. ^ Elected on 44th ballot
  11. ^ Elected on 9th ballot
  12. ^ a b Frederick Muhlenberg served as speaker twice in the 1790s, before political factions coalesced into formal parties; initially he identified with the pro–administration faction, but later he aligned himself with the anti–administration faction.
  13. ^ a b John Taylor served as speaker twice in the 1820s; initially he was as a member of the Democratic–Republican Party, and later, when the party began to fracture, he sided with its pro–Adams faction.
  14. ^ a b During James K. Polk's tenure as speaker the Jacksonian bloc amalgamated into the modern Democratic Party.