Ilyushin Il-2 Shturmovik

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Ilyushin Il-2 Shturmovik
Il2 sturmovik.jpg
Il-2M milik Angkatan Udara uni Soviet.
Tipe Pesawat serang darat
Terbang perdana 20 Desember 1939
Diperkenalkan 1941
Dipensiunkan 1954 (hanya Yugoslavia dan Bulgaria)
Pengguna utama Uni Soviet
Jumlah produksi 36.163

Il-2 Shturmovik adalah pesawat tempur Rusia pada masa Perang Dunia II, digunakan secara luas setelah Pertempuran Kursk tahun 1943, bersenjatakan dua buah meriam otomatis 23 mm, sebuah senapan mesin DShK di bagian belakang kokpit, dan cantelan untuk bom anti-tank atau roket 82 mm. Memiliki tameng baja setebal 3 mm, tidak mempan diserang menggunakan senjata berkaliber di bawah 23 mm. Il-2 juga dikenal sebagai tank terbang karena kemampuannya dalam menghancurkan tank lawan lewat serangan udara.

Spesifikasi (Il-2M3)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Il-2.svg

Karakteristik umum[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Kru: Dua, pilot dan penembak belakang
  • Panjang: 11,6 m (38 ft 1 in)
  • Lebar sayap : 14,6 m (47 ft 11 in)
  • Tinggi: 4,2 m (13 ft 9 in)
  • Area sayap: 38,5 m² (414 ft ²)
  • Berat kosong : 4.360 kg (£ 9612)
  • Berat Loaded: 6.160 kg (£ 13.580)
  • Powerplant : 1 × Mikulin AM-38 F liquid-cooled V-12, 1.285 kW (1.720 hp)

Prestasi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Kecepatan maksimum : 414 km / h (257 mph)
  • Rentang : 720 km (450 mil)
  • Layanan langit-langit : 5.500 m (18.045 kaki)
  • Tingkat panjat : 10,4 m / s (2.050 ft / min)
  • Loading sayap : 160 kg / m² (£ 31,3 / ft ²)
  • Daya / massa : 0,21 kW / kg (0,13 hp / lb)

Persenjataan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • 2 × tetap maju-menembak 23 mm kaliber vya-23 meriam, 150 putaran per pistol
  • 2 × maju-menembak tetap mm 7,62 ShKAS senapan mesin , 750 rpg
  • 1 × ditujukan manual mm 12,7 Berezin UBT senapan mesin di belakang kokpit, 150 putaran
  • Sampai dengan 600 kg (£ 1320) bom dan / 8 × RS-82 roket 4 × RS-132 roket

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Daftar pustaka[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Bergström, Christer. Bagration to Berlin: The final Air Battle in the East 1944–45. Hersham UK, Classic Publications, 2008. ISBN 978-1-903223-91-8.
  • Bergström, Christer. Barbarossa: The Air Battle: July–December 1941. London: Chevron/Ian Allen, 2007. ISBN 978-1-85780-270-2.
  • Crosby, Francis. The Complete Guide to Fighters and Bombers of WWII. London: Anness Publishing Ltd: Hermes House, 2006. ISBN 978-1-42239-156-3.
  • Donald, Donald and Jon Lake, eds. Encyclopedia of World Military Aircraft. London: AIRtime Publishing, 1996. ISBN 1-880588-24-2.
  • Glantz, David M. and Jonathan M. House. The Battle of Kursk. London: Ian Allan Publishing Ltd, Surrey, UK, 1999. ISBN 978-0-70060-978-9.
  • Glantz, David M. and Harold S. Orenstein. The Battle for Kursk 1943: The Soviet General Staff Study. London: Frank Cass, 1999. ISBN 0-7146-4493-5.
  • Gordon, Yefim, Dmitry Komissarov and Sergei Komissarov. OKB Ilyushin: A History of the Design Bureau and its Aircraft. Hinckley, Leicestershire, UK: Midland Publishing, 2004. ISBN 1-85780-187-3.
  • Gordon, Yefim and Sergey Kommissarov. Ilyushin IL-2 and IL-10 Shturmovik. Wiltshire: Crowood Press, 2004. ISBN 1-86126-625-1.
  • Gordon, Yefim. Soviet Airpower in World War II. Hinckley UK: Midland / Ian Allen Publishing, 2008. ISBN 978-1-85780-304-4.
  • Green, William and Gordon Swanborough. "The Annals of Ilyusha: Ilyushin's Proliferous Shturmovik". Air Enthusiast, Issue Twelve, April–July 1980, pp. 1–10, 71–77. Bromley, Kent, UK: Pilot Press. ISSN 0143-5450.
  • Gunston, Bill. The Osprey Encyclopedia of Russian Aircraft 1875–1995. London: Osprey, 1995. ISBN 1-85532-405-9.
  • Hardesty, Von. Red Phoenix: The Rise of Soviet Air Power, 1941–1945. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Books, 1982. ISBN 1-56098-071-0.
  • Jentz, T. L. Panzer Truppen, The Complete Guide to the Creation and Combat Deployment of Germany’s Tank Force: 1943–1945. Atglen, Pennsylvania: Schiffer Military History, 1996. ISBN 978-0-88740-915-8.
  • Krivosheev, G.F. Soviet Casualties and Combat Losses in the Twentieth Century. London: Greenhill Books, 1997. ISBN 978-1-85367-280-4.
  • Liss, Witold. Ilyushin Il-2 (Aircraft in Profile number 88). Leatherhead, Surrey, UK: Profile Publications Ltd., 1968. No ISBN. Reprinted in 1971 and 1982.
  • Ludeke, Alexander. Weapons of World War II. Bath, UK: Parragon Books Ltd., 2012. ISBN 978-1-4075-0195-6.
  • Michulec, Robert. Ił-2 Ił-10. Monografie Lotnicze #22 (in Polish). Gdańsk: AJ-Press, 1999. ISBN 83-86208-33-3.
  • Ovčáčík, Michal and Karel Susa. Ilyushin Il-2 Shturmovik: Il-2 Type 3, Il-2 Type 3M, Il-2KR, UIl-2. Prague, Czech Republic: 4+ Publications, 2006. ISBN 80-87045-00-9.
  • Povinsky, Viktor. Il-2 Shturmovik. Sandomierz, Poland/Redbourn, UK: Mushroom Model Publications, 2014. ISBN 978-83-63678-37-1.
  • Шавров, В.Б. История конструкций самолетов в СССР 1938–1950 гг. (3 изд.). (in Russisn) Moscow: Машиностроение, 1994. ISBN 5-217-00477-0. (Shavrov, V.B. Istoriia konstruktskii samoletov v SSSR, 1938–1950 gg. (3rd ed.). translation: History of Aircraft design in USSR: 1938–1950. Moscow: Mashinostroenie Publishing House, 1994. ISBN 5-217-00477-0.)
  • Rastrenin, Oleg. IL-2 Sturmovik Guards Units of World War 2 (Osprey Combat Aircraft, no 71). Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing, 2008. ISBN 978-1-84603-296-7.
  • Sakaida, Henry. Heroines of the Soviet Union: 1941–45. Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing, 2003. ISBN 978-1-84176-598-3.
  • Shores, Christopher. Ground Attack Aircraft of World War II. London: Macdonald and Jane's, 1977. ISBN 0-356-08338-1.
  • Stapfer, Hans-Heiri. Il-2 Stormovik in Action (Aircraft number 155). Carrollton, TX: Squadron/Signal Publications, Inc., 1995. ISBN 0-89747-341-8.

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]