Hephaestion

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Hephaestion
Hephaestion Cropped.jpg
Kepala marmer Hephaestion, pada September 2015 disipan di Museum Getty
JulukanPatroclus
Lahirs. 356 SM
Pella, Makedonia
Meninggal324 SM
Ecbatana[1]
PengabdianMakedonia
PangkatJenderal, Komando ke-2
KesatuanSomatofilakes
KomandoCompanion cavalry
Perang/pertempuranPengepungan Pelium, Pertempuran Thebes, Pertempuran Granicus, Pengepungan Halicarnassus, Pengepungan Miletus, Pertempuran Issus, Pengepungan Tyre (332 SM), Pengepungan Gaza, Pertempuran Gaugamela, Pertempuran Gerbang Persia, Pengepungan Aornos, Pertempuran Sungai Hydaspes, Kampanye Mallian
PasanganDrypetis (putri dinasti Achaemenid di Persia)[2]

Hephaestion (bahasa Yunani Kuno: Ἡφαιστίων Hephaistíon; s. 356 BC – 324 SM), putra dari Amyntor, adalah seorang bangsawan dan jenderal Makedonia dalam ketentaraan Aleksander Agung. Ia merupakan "... orang tersayang dari antara semua teman raja; ia dibesarkan bersama dengan Aleksander dan mengetahui semua rahasianya ."[3] Pertemanan ini berlangsung sepanjang masa hidup mereka, dan berbanding dengan Achilles dan Patroclus, baik oleh orang lain serta diri mereka sendiri.

Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ A. B. Bosworth; Elizabeth Baynham (2002). Alexander the Great in Fact and Fiction. Oxford University Press. hlm. 167. ISBN 978-0-19-925275-6. 
  2. ^ Falk, Avner (1996). A Psychoanalytic History of the Jews. Fairleigh Dickinson Univ Press. hlm. 211. ISBN 9780838636602. Alexander married "Barsine" (Stateira), daughter of the dead Darius III; his best friend, Hephaestion, married her sister "Drypetis," whose Persian name recalls Draupadi, the Indian heroine of the Mahabharata. 
  3. ^ Curtius 3.12.16

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

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Bacaan tambahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Reames, Jeanne. Hephaistion Amyntoros: Eminence Grise at the Court of Alexander the Great. Diss. The Pennsylvania State University, c1998. (abstract)
  • Borza, Eugene and Jeanne Reames. Some New Thoughts on the Death of Alexander the Great, The Ancient World 31.1 (2000) 1-9.
  • Bosworth, Albert Brian. Hephaistion. In: Simon Hornblower, Antony Spawforth (Hrsg.): The Oxford Classical Dictionary. 3. Aufl., Oxford University Press, Oxford 1996, ISBN 0-19-866172-X.
  • Carney, Elizabeth D. Alexander the Great and the Macedonian Aristocracy. Dissertation, Duke University, 1975.
  • Heckel, Waldemar. Hephaistion. In: Ders.: The Marshals of Alexander's Empire. Routledge, London 1992, ISBN 0-415-05053-7.
  • Reames, Jeanne. An Atypical Affair? Alexander the Great, Hephaistion, and the Nature of Their Relationship. In: The Ancient History Bulletin 13.3 (1999), pp. 81–96.
  • Reames, Jeanne. The Cult of Hephaistion. In: Cartledge, Paul, and Greenland, Fiona Rose (ed.), Responses to Oliver Stone's Alexander. Film, History, and Cultural Studies. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison 2010, ISBN 0-299-23284-0 (accessible online in Scribd.com).
  • Reames, Jeanne. The Mourning of Alexander the Great, In: Syllecta Classica 12 (2001) 98-145.

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]