Focke-Wulf Fw 190

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Fw 190
Fw 190A-3 JG 2 in Britain 1942.jpg
Fw 190A-3 milik Stab. 7./JG2, Juni 1942.[N 1]
Jenis Pesawat tempur
Pembuat Kebanyakan di Focke-Wulf Flugzeugbau AG; namun juga di AGO, Arado, Fieseler, Mimetall, Norddeutsche Dornier dan lainnya
Perancang Kurt Tank
Penerbangan perdana 1 Juni 1939
Diperkenalkan Agustus 1941
Dipensiunkan 9 Mei 1945 (Luftwaffe)
1949 (Turki)
Pengguna utama Luftwaffe
Angkatan Udara Hongaria
Angkatan Udara Turki
Dibuat 1941–1945; 1996: 16 reproduksi
Jumlah Lebih dari 20.000[2]
Varian Ta 152

Focke-Wulf Fw 190 Würger (bahasa Inggris: Shrike) adalah sebuah pesawat tempur berkursi tunggal dan bermesin tunggal buatan Jerman yang dirancang oleh Kurt Tank pada akhir tahun 1930-an dan digunakan selama Perang Dunia II. Walaupun kalah tenar dengan Bf-109, Fw 190 lebih ditakuti oleh para pilot Sekutu. Bersama dengan Bf-109, Fw 190 menjadi salah satu tulang punggung Jagdwaffe (pasukan tempur) Luftwaffe. Mesin radial BMW 801 yang dipakainya menjadikan Fw 190 mampu untuk terbang pada misi siang hari atau malam hari. Selain itu Fw 190 juga mampu berperan sebagai pesawat tempur-pengebom dan penyerang pasukan darat.

Pesawat ini sempat merajai langit Eropa Barat selama 2 tahun sebelum datangnya pesawat P-51 Mustang. Fw 190 sangat disukai oleh pilotnya, beberapa penerbang ulung Jerman dengan rekor tertinggi banyak meraih skor bunuh dengan pesawat ini, seperti Otto Kittel, Walter Nowotny, dan Erich Rudorffer.

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Catatn kaki[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ A-3 ini didaratkan secara tak sengaja oleh Oblt Armin Faber di RAF Pembrey pada 23 Juni 1942, manjadi Fw 190 pertama yang ditangkap dan dianalisis oleh RAF.[1]

Kutipan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Ramsey 1990, p. 147.
  2. ^ Angelucci, Enzo (1988). Combat aircraft of World War II. hlm. 50. ISBN 0-517-64179-8. 

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Lihat pula[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Templat:Kurt Tank aircraft