Charles Sanders Peirce

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Charles Sanders Peirce (pengucapan bahasa Inggris: [ˈpɜrs] purse[1]) (September 10, 1839 – April 19, 1914) adalah seorang filsuf, ahli logika, semiotika, matematika, dan ilmuwan Amerika Serikat, yang lahir di Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Peirce dididik sebagai seorang kimiawan dan bekerja sebagai ilmuwan selama 30 tahun. Tapi, sebagian besar sumbangan pemikirannya berada di ranah logika, matematika, filsafat, dan semiotika (atau semiologi) dan penemuannya soal pragmatisme yang dihormati hingga kini.

Pada 1934, filsuf Paul Weiss menyebut Peirce sebagai "filsuf Amerika paling orisinal dan berwarna dan logikawan terbesar Amerika". [2]

Bibliografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Artikel dan kuliah utama

  • On a New List of Categories (disampaikan pada 1867)
  • Questions Concerning Certain Faculties Claimed for Man (1868)
  • Some Consequences of Four Incapacities (1868)
  • Grounds of Validity of the Laws of Logic: Further Consequences of Four Incapacities (1869)
  • The Harvard lectures on British logicians (1869–70)
  • Description of a Notation for the Logic of Relatives (1870)
  • Note on the Theory of the Economy of Research (1876)
  • Illustrations of the Logic of Science (1877–78)
    • The Fixation of Belief (1877)
    • How to Make Our Ideas Clear (1878)
    • The Doctrine of Chances (1878)
    • The Probability of Induction (1878)
    • The Order of Nature (1878)
    • Deduction, Induction, and Hypothesis (1878)
  • On the Algebra of Logic (1880)
  • A Theory of Probable Inference. Note A: On a Limited Universe of Marks. Note B: The Logic of Relatives (1883)
  • On Small Differences in Sensation (bersama Joseph Jastrow, 1884)
  • On the Algebra of Logic: A Contribution to the Philosophy of Notation (disampaikan pada 1884)
  • A Guess at the Riddle (1887-88)
  • Trichotomic (1888 MS)
  • The Monist Metaphysical Series (1891–93)
    • The Architecture of Theories (1891)
    • The Doctrine of Necessity Examined (1892)
    • The Law of Mind (1892)
    • Man's Glassy Essence (1892)
    • Evolutionary Love (1893)
  • Immortality in the Light of Synechism (1893 MS)
  • The Logic of Relatives (1894)
  • Kuliah tentang "Reasoning and the Logic of Things" in Cambridge, MA (1898, diundang oleh William James)
  • F.R.L. [First Rule of Logic] (1899)
  • Minute Logic (1901–02 MSS)
  • Application of C. S. Peirce to the Executive Committee of the Carnegie Institution (1902)
  • The Simplest Mathematics (1902 MS)
  • The Harvard lectures on pragmatism (1903)
  • The Lowell lectures and syllabus on topics of logic (1903)
  • Kaina Stoicheia [New Elements] (1904 MS)
  • What Pragmatism Is (1905)
  • Issues of Pragmaticism (1905)
  • Prolegomena To an Apology For Pragmaticism (1906)
  • A Neglected Argument for the Reality of God (1908)



Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "Peirce", dalam hal nama C.S. Peirce, selalu seirama dengan kata bahasa Inggris "terse" dan juga dalam kebanyakan dialek dieja tepat seperti kata "purse" dalam bahasa Inggris: Tentang suara ini Audio (US) . Lihat "Note on the Pronunciation of 'Peirce'", The Peirce [Edition] Project Newsletter, v. 1, nos. 3/4, Dec. 1994, Eprint.
  2. ^ Paul Weiss (1934), "Peirce, Charles Sanders" dalam Dictionary of American Biography. Arisbe Eprint.

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