^ abcdBanyak penutur di Kroasia dan sebagian Bosnia tidak membedakan bunyi /tɕ/ dan /tʃ/ (⟨ć⟩ dan ⟨č⟩) atau antara /dʑ/ dan /dʒ/ (⟨đ⟩ dan ⟨dž⟩). Secara berurutan, keduanya diucapkan dengan bunyi [tʃ] dan [dʒ].
^⟨v⟩ is a light fricative, more precisely transcribed [ʋ̝] or [v̞]. However, it does not behave as a fricative in that it does not devoice to *[f] before a voiceless consonant and it does not cause preceding voiceless consonants to become voiced.
^Tone marks can also be found on syllabic consonants, such as [ř̩] and [r̩̂ː]. Some articles may use the stress mark, [ˈe], which could correspond to either of the tonic accents (rising or falling) and so they are not a complete transcription, although many speakers in Croatia have no tone distinctions.
^Many speakers in Croatia and Serbia pronounce most unstressed long vowels as short.