Abbas bin Firnas

Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas
Lompat ke: navigasi, cari
Armen Firman Abbás Ibn Firnás (MUNCYT, Eulogia Merle).jpg
Abbás bin Firnás karya Eulogia Merle
Nama Abbas bin Firnas
Lahir 810
Izn-Rand Onda (Ronda), Al-Andalus
Wafat 887
Cordoba
Nama lain Abu l-Qāsim Abbās ibn Firnās, Armen Firman
Kebangsaan Andalusian (sebenarnya Spanyol)
Etnis Berber
Zaman Zaman Keemasan Islam
Minat utama Fisika, astrologi, teknik

Abbas bin Firnas (810–887 A.D.), juga dikenal sebagai Abbas Abu al-Qasim bin Firnas ibn Wirdas al-Takurini (Arab: عباس بن فرناس‎), adalah seorang polimatik Andalusia:[1][2] seorang penemu, fisikawan, kimiawan, teknisi, musisi Andalusia dan penyair berbahasa Arab.[2] Sering dikatakan keturunan Berber,[3][4] ia lahir di Izn-Rand Onda, Al-Andalus (sekarang Ronda, Spanyol), tinggal di Kekhalifahan Córdoba, dan dikenal karena perupaya melakukan penerbangan.[5][6]

Kawah Ibn Firnas di Bulan dinamai untuk menghormatinya, serta Bandar Udara Ibn Firnas di Baghdad dan salah satu jembatan di sepanjang sungai Guadalquivir di Cordoba.

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "Ibn Firnas ('Abbâs)" by Ahmed Djebbar, Dictionnaire culturel des science, by Collective under the direction of Nicolas Witkowski, Du Regard Editions, 2003, ISBN 2-84105-128-5.
  2. ^ a b Lynn Townsend White, Jr. (Spring, 1961). "Eilmer of Malmesbury, an Eleventh Century Aviator: A Case Study of Technological Innovation, Its Context and Tradition", Technology and Culture 2 (2), p. 97-111 [100]:

    "Ibn Firnas was a polymath: a physician, a rather bad poet, the first to make glass from stones (quartz), a student of music, and inventor of some sort of metronome."

  3. ^ "Le saviez-vous  ? Le premier homme volant était berbère". Diakses tanggal 2016-08-22. 
  4. ^ "No. 1910: 'Abbas Ibn Firnas". www.uh.edu. Diakses tanggal 2016-02-06. 
  5. ^ "'Abbas Ibn Firnas". John H. Lienhard. The Engines of Our Ingenuity. NPR. KUHF-FM Houston. 2004. No. 1910. Transkrip.
  6. ^ Lynn Townsend White, Jr. (Spring, 1961). "Eilmer of Malmesbury, an Eleventh Century Aviator: A Case Study of Technological Innovation, Its Context and Tradition", Technology and Culture 2 (2), p. 97-111 [100f.]

Sumber[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • J. Vernet, Abbas Ibn Firnas. Dictionary of Scientific Biography (C.C. Gilespie, ed.) Vol. I, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1970–1980. pg. 5.
  • Lynn Townsend White, Jr. (Spring, 1961). "Eilmer of Malmesbury, an Eleventh Century Aviator: A Case Study of Technological Innovation, Its Context and Tradition", Technology and Culture 2 (2), p. 97–111 [100f.], DOI:10.2307/3101411.
  • Salim T.S. Al-Hassani (ed.), Elisabeth Woodcock (au.), and Rabah Saoud (au.). 2006. 1001 Inventions. Muslim Heritage in Our World. Manchester: Foundation for Science, Technology and Civilisation. See pages 308–313. (ISBN 978-0-9555035-0-4)
  • Zaheer, Syed Iqbal. An Educational Encyclopedia of Islam. Iqra Welfare Trust. p. 1280. ISBN 9786039000440.