Orang Assyria

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Orang Assyria
ܐܬܘܖ̈ܝܐ - Āṯūrāyē
Assyrians1.jpg
Ashur-nasir-pal II · Santo Ephrem
Agha Petros · Ammo Baba
Jumlah populasi

Di bawah 2 juta-3.3 juta[1][2][3][4]

Kawasan dengan konsentrasi signifikan
Wilayah tradisional pemukiman Asyur
  Iraq 300,000 [5][6]
  Syria 300,000–400,000 [3]
  Iran 20,000 [7][8]
  Turkey 15,000 [7][9]
  Lebanon 39,000 [10]
Diaspora
  Sweden 100,000 [11]
  United States 110,807-400,000 [12][13]
  Jordan 100,000–150,000 [14][15]
  Germany 100,000 [16]
  Australia 24,505–60,000 [17][18]
  Canada 38,000 [19]
  Russia 10,911 [20]
  Netherlands 20,000 [21]
  France 16,000 [22]
  Belgium 15,000 [21]
  Switzerland 10,000 [21]
  Denmark 10,000 [21]
  England 6,700 [23]
  Greece 6,000 [24]
  Georgia 3,299 [25]
  Ukraine 3,143 [26]
  Italy 3,000 [21]
  Armenia 2,769 [27]
  New Zealand 1,683 [28]
  Azerbaijan 1,500 [29]
  Kazakhstan 800 [30]
  Finland 300 [31]
Bahasa
Akkadia (purba)
Bahasa Neo-Aram (moden)
(berbagai dialek Neo-Aram)
Agama
Ashurisme (purba)
Kekristenan (modern)
(berbagai mazhab Timur)
Kelompok etnik terdekat
orang Semitik lain

Orang Assyria adalah etnis yang berasal dari Irak, Iran, Turki dan Suriah, tetapi banyak yang pindah ke Kaukasus, Amerika Utara dan Eropa Timur.

Orang Assyria dipercaya diturunkan dari Akkadia purba, dimana, bermula dengan Sargon dari Akkad, bangkit sebagai kelas pemerintahan dari Assyria.[32]

Lihat pula[sunting | sunting sumber]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ [1], UNPO estimates
  2. ^ |title=Assyrian Identity in Ancient Times and Today|publisher=Simo Parpola|quote="These persecutions and massacres have reduced the total number of Assyrians from an estimated 20 million or more in antiquity to well under two million today."
  3. ^ a b "CNEWA - The Assyrian Church of the East". Cnewa.us. 2012-07-11. Diakses 2013-09-18. 
  4. ^ http://www.cnewa.org/source-images/Roberson-eastcath-statistics/eastcatholic-stat10.pdf
  5. ^ Christian Official: The Number of Christians in Iraq Has Dropped to Three-Hundred Thousand
  6. ^ "Christian Oppression in Iraq - Speeches: Scottish Conservatives European Parliament". Struanstevenson.com. 2013-06-12. Diakses 2013-09-18. 
  7. ^ a b [2].
  8. ^ United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (2010-10-13). "Iran: Last of the Assyrians". Refworld. Diakses 2013-09-18. 
  9. ^ [3].
  10. ^ Tore Kjeilen. "Lebanon / Religions - LookLex Encyclopaedia". Looklex.com. Diakses 2013-09-18. 
  11. ^ Demographics of Sweden, Swedish Language Council "Sweden has also one of the largest exile communities of Assyrian and Syriac Christians (also known as Chaldeans) with a population of around 100,000."
  12. ^ 2011 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates
  13. ^ http://www.aina.org/brief.html
  14. ^ Thrown to the Lions, Doug Bandow, The America Spectator
  15. ^ Jordan Should Legally Recognize Displaced Iraqis As Refugees, AINA.org. Assyrian and Chaldean Christians Flee Iraq to Neighboring Jordan, ASSIST News Service
  16. ^ 100.000 Syriac Orthodox in Germany
  17. ^ Ancestry (full classification list) Australian Bureau of Statistics
  18. ^ [4][5] More than two thirds of Iraqis in Australia (80,000) are Christians
  19. ^ Web-team. "VATICAN RADIO - Official website - Home Page". Radiovaticana.org. Diakses 2013-09-18. 
  20. ^ "Google Translate". Translate.googleusercontent.com. Diakses 2013-09-18. 
  21. ^ a b c d e "CNN Under-Estimates Iraqi Assyrian Population". Aina.org. Diakses 2013-09-18. 
  22. ^ Wieviorka & Bataille 2007, hlm. 166
  23. ^ Joshua Project. "Assyrian of United Kingdom Ethnic People Profile". Joshuaproject.net. Diakses 2013-09-18. 
  24. ^ Tzilivakis, Kathy (10 May 2003). "Iraq's Forgotten Christians Face Exclusion in Greece". Athens News. Diakses 7 April 2012. 
  25. ^ 2002 Georgian census
  26. ^ State statistics committee of Ukraine - National composition of population, 2001 census (Ukrainian)
  27. ^ 2011 Armenian Census
  28. ^ http://www.stats.govt.nz/ New Zealand 2006 census
  29. ^ Joshua Project
  30. ^ Kazakhstan Live
  31. ^ Assyrian Association Founded in Finland
  32. ^ Sejarah Awal Assyria, Oleh Sidney Smith, Universiti o Michigan, 1928

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]