Ekonomi Kota New York

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Ekonomi New York City adalah ekonomi reegional terbesar di Amerika Serikat dan terbesar kedua di dunia setelah Tokyo.[1] Dibantu Wall Street di Lower Manhattan, New York City merupakan ibu kota keuangan dunia bersama kota London[2][3][4][5][6][7][8] dan merupakan tempat berdirinya New York Stock Exchange, bursa saham terbesar di dunia menurut kapitalisasi pasar perusahaan terdaftar. New York dikenal karena konsentrasi firma sektor jasa yang tinggi dalam bidang hukum, akuntansi, perbankan dan konsultan manajemen.[9]

Industri keuangan, asuransi, kesehatan, dan lahan yasan membentuk dasar ekonomi New York. Kota ini juga merupakan pusat media massa, jurnalisme dan penerbitan yang penting di Amerika Serikat, dan merupakan pusat seni utama di negara ini. Industri kreatif seperti media baru, periklanan, mode, desain dan arsitektur mengalami pertumbuhan cepat dengan keuntungan kompetitif kuat yang dipegang New York City dalam industri-industri ini.[10] Industri manufaktur masih memainkan peran penting meski semakin menurun jumlahnya.

New York Stock Exchange sampai saat ini merupakan bursa saham terbesar di dunia menurut kapitalisasi pasar perusahaan terdaftar. Bursa elektronik NASDAQ memiliki jumlah perusahaan terdaftar terbanyak dan merupakan yang terbesar ketiga di dunia menurut kapitalisasi pasar perusahaan terdaftar.

Wilayah metropolitan New York memiliki produk metropolitan bruto senilai $1,13 trilyun pada tahun 2005,[11][12] ekonomi regional terbesar di Amerika Serikat.[13] Ekonomi kota ini menyumbang sebagian besar aktivitas ekonomi di negara bagian New York dan New Jersey.[13]

Perusahaan Fortune 500 di New York City[sunting | sunting sumber]

Peringkat
NYC

Peringkat
AS

Peringkat
dunia

Perusahaan Laba
(juta)

Karyawan
(dunia)

Kelompok industri
1 13 36 J.P. Morgan Chase & Co. $115,475 239,831 Commercial Banks
2 14 39 Citigroup $111,055 260,000 Commercial Banks
3 16 41 Verizon Communications $106,565 194,400 Telecommunications
4 17 44 American International Group $104,417 63,000 Property and Casualty Insurance (stock)
5 31 103 Pfizer $67,809 110,600 Pharmaceuticals
6 46 174 MetLife $52,717 54,000 Life and Health Insurance (stock)
7 51 176 INTL FCStone IAM $46,940 729 Diversified Financials
8 54 181 Goldman Sachs Group $45,967 38,700 Commercial Banks [formerly Securities]
9 63 218 Morgan Stanley $39,320 62,542 Commercial Banks [formerly Securities]
10 71 258 New York Life Insurance $34,947 16,068 Life and Health Insurance (mutual)
11 74 263 Hess $34,613 13,776 Petroleum Refining
12 83 284 News Corporation $32,778 51,000 Entertainment
13 87 296 TIAA-CREF $32,225 7,312 Life and Health Insurance (mutual)
14 91 319 American Express $30,242 61,000 Commercial Banks
15 94 331 Philip Morris International $27,208 78,300 Tobacco
16 95 274 Time Warner $26,888 31,000 Entertainment
17 106 389 Travelers Companies $25,112 32,000 Property and Casualty Insurance (stock)
18 127 465 Alcoa $21,013 59,000 Metals
19 131 Bristol-Myers Squibb $19,484 27,000 Pharmaceuticals
20 137 Time Warner Cable $18,868 47,030 Telecommunications
21 159 L-3 Communications $15,680 63,000 Aerospace and Defense
22 160 Colgate-Palmolive $15,680 39,200 Household and Personal Products
23 165 The Bank of New York Mellon $14,929 48,000 Commercial Banks
24 168 Loews $14,621 18,400 Property and Casualty Insurance (stock)
25 174 CBS $14,060 25,380 Entertainment
26 180 Viacom $13,497 10,900 Entertainment
27 184 Consolidated Edison $13,325 15,180 Utilities: Gas and Electric
28 195 Omnicom Group $12,543 65,500 Advertising, Marketing
29 225 Marsh & McLennan $10,931 51,000 Diversified Financials
30 226 Avon Products $10,863 42,000 Household and Personal Products
31 245 Guardian Life Insurance $10,051 4,812 Life and Health Insurance (mutual)
32 256 KKR (Kohlberg Kravis Roberts) $9,668 698 Securities
33 270 Icahn Enterprises $9,119 56,647 Motor Vehicles and Parts
34 282 BlackRock $8,612 9,127 Securities
35 285 Assurant $8,528 13,938 Property and Casualty Insurance (stock)
36 307 Estée Lauder $7,796 31,200 Household and Personal Products
37 355 Interpublic Group of Companies $6,532 41,000 Advertising, Marketing
38 364 CIT Group $6,363 3,778 Commercial Banks
39 372 McGraw-Hill $6,168 21,000 Publishing, Printing
40 374 Virgin Media $6,138 12,350 Telecommunications
41 395 Barnes & Noble $5,811 35,000 Specialty Retailers (books)
42 446 Foot Locker $5,049 25,348 Specialty Retailers: apparel
43 451 Polo Ralph Lauren $4,979 19,000 Apparel
44 479 Phillips-Van Heusen $4,637 16,600 Apparel
45 495 NYSE Euronext NYSE $4,425 2,968 Securities
Catatan: IAM: sebelumnya International Assets Management; NYSE: mengoperasikan New York Stock Exchange & bursa lain
Sumber: Situs web Fortune 500, Fortune Global 500 dan Fortune, Volume 163, Number 7 (23 Mei 2011)

Peringkat menurut laba pada tahun fiskal yang berakhir sebelum 1 Februari 2011. Peringkat dunia menurut laba Fortune Global 500 untuk tahun fiskal yang berakhir sebelum 1 April 2011.

Lihat pula[sunting | sunting sumber]

Catatan kaki[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "London ranked as world's six largest economy". ITWeek. Diakses 2008-08-04. 
  2. ^ "The World's Most Expensive Real Estate Markets". CNBC. Diakses 2010-05-31. 
  3. ^ Review, Princeton; Gilbert, Nedda (2009-10-06). The Best 301 Business Schools 2010 by Princeton Review, Nedda Gilbert. ISBN 9780375429590. Diakses 2010-05-31. 
  4. ^ "Financial Capital of the World: NYC". Wired New York/Bloomberg. Diakses 2010-05-31. 
  5. ^ "The Tax Capital of the World". The Wall Street Journal. 2009-04-11. Diakses 2010-05-31. 
  6. ^ "JustOneMinute – Editorializing From The Financial Capital Of The World". Diakses 2010-05-31. 
  7. ^ "London may have the IPOs...". Marketwatch. Diakses 2010-05-31. 
  8. ^ "Fondos – Londres versus Nueva York" (PDF). Cinco Dias. Diakses 2010-05-31. 
  9. ^ The London New York Dialogue (2008-07). "London and New York in the 21 Century: can London and New York still be the Leading World Cities in 2100?" (PDF). Diakses 2008-08-11. 
  10. ^ Currid, Elizabeth (2006). "New York as a Global Creative Hub: A Competitive Analysis of Four Theories on World Cities". Economic Development Quarterly 20 (4): pp. 330–350. doi:10.1177/0891242406292708. 
  11. ^ "World's Most Economically Powerful Cities". Forbes. Diakses 2008-09-12. 
  12. ^ The 150 richest cities in the world by GDP in 2005, dated March 11, 2007. The list fails to include Taipei. Accessed July 3, 2007.
  13. ^ a b "The role of metro areas in the U.S. economy" (PDF). The United States Conference of Mayors. January 13, 2006. Diakses 2006-07-19. 

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]