Volkswagen Golf Mk2

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Volkswagen Golf Mk2
VW Golf II front 20080206.jpg
Informasi
ProdusenVolkswagen
Masa produksi6.3 juta unit[1]
1983-1992
PerakitanWolfsburg, Jerman,
Brussels, Belgia,
TAS, Sarajevo, Bosnia dan Herzegovina,
New Stanton, Pennsylvania, Amerika Serikat
Puebla, Puebla, Meksiko
Uitenhage, Afrika Selatan
Bodi & rangka
Bentuk kerangka3-door hatchback,
5-door hatchback
Tata letakFront engine, penggerak roda depan / 4WD
PlatformVolkswagen Group A2 platform
Mobil terkaitVolkswagen Jetta,
Volkswagen Corrado,
SEAT Toledo Mk1
Penyalur daya
Mesin/EnjinSemua kecuali Amerika utara dan Jepang:

1.3L 55 PS (40 kW; 54 hp) I4
1.6L 75 PS (55 kW; 74 hp) I4
1.8L 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) I4
1.8L 98 PS (72 kW; 97 hp) I4 hanya Syncro
1.8L 112 PS (82 kW; 110 hp) I4
1.8L 129 PS (95 kW; 127 hp) I4 16V (Motorcode: PL)
1.8L 139 PS (102 kW; 137 hp) I4 16V (Motorcode: KR)
1.8L 160 PS (120 kW; 160 hp) G60 I4
1.8L 210 PS (150 kW; 210 hp) 16V-G60 (limited edition)
1.6L 54 PS (40 kW; 53 hp) I4 diesel
1.6L 60 PS (44 kW; 59 hp) I4 turbo diesel (eco diesel)
1.6L 70 PS (51 kW; 69 hp) I4 turbo diesel
1.6L 80 PS (59 kW; 79 hp) I4 turbo-intercooler diesel
Amerika utara dan Jepang:
1.8L 85 hp (63 kW) I4 (MY 1985-1987)
1.8L 100 hp (75 kW) I4 (MY 1988-1990)
1.8L 94 hp (70 kW) I4 (MY 1991-1993)
1.8L 102 hp (76 kW) I4 GTI (MY 1987)
1.8L 105 hp (78 kW) I4 GTI (MY 1988-1992)
2.0L 115 hp (86 kW) I4 GTI (MY 1993)
1.8L 123 hp (92 kW) I4 16V (MY 1987-1989)
2.0L 134 hp (100 kW) I4 16V GTI (MY 1990-1992)
1.6L 52 hp (39 kW) I4 diesel (MY 1985-1990?)
1.6L 68 hp (51 kW) I4 turbo diesel (MY 1985-1988?)

Electric motor ABB 200# CityStromer produced ( 1991 MY?)
Transmisi4-speed/5-speed manual,
3-speed automatic
Dimensi
Jarak sumbu roda2470 mm (97,2 in)
Panjang3985 mm (156,9 in)−4035 mm (158,9 in),
North America: 158,0 in (4013,2 mm) (MY 85-88)
159,6 in (4053,8 mm) (MY 89-93)
Lebar1665 mm (65,6 in)−1700 mm (66,9 in)
Tinggi1415 mm (55,7 in)
Berat kosong910 kg (2006 lb)−1245 kg (2745 lb)
North America: 2137 lb (969 kg)−2445 lb (1109 kg)
Kronologi
PendahuluVolkswagen Golf Mk1
PenerusVolkswagen Golf Mk3

Volkswagen Golf Mk2 adalah penerus dari Volkswagen Golf Mk1 sebagai mobil terlaris Volkswagen. Golf Mk2 diluncurkan tahun 1983 dan diakhiri tahun 1992. Mk2 berukuran sedikit lebih besar daripada Mk1, sumbu rodanya bertambah 75 mm (3,0 in), panjangnya bertambah 180 mm (7,1 in), lebarnya bertambah 55 mm (2,2 in), dan tingginya bertambah 5 mm (0,2 in)). Total, ada sekitar 6,3 juta unit Mk2 yang diproduksi.[2]

Mesin[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tipe Tahun Silinder Kode mesin Tenaga Torsi Kecepatan maks 0-100 km/jam (s)
1.3[3] 1983–1987 1272 cc (77,6 cu in) HK/MH (EA111) 55 PS (54 hp; 40 kW) @ 5400 rpm 96 N⋅m (71 lb⋅ft) @ 3300 rpm 94 mph (151 km/h) 16.0
1.3[4] 1987–1992 1272 cc (77,6 cu in) NZ/2G (EA111) 55 PS (54 hp; 40 kW) @ 5200 rpm 96 N⋅m (71 lb⋅ft) @ 3400 rpm 94 mph (151 km/h) 15.6
1.6[5] 1983–1991 1595 cc (97,3 cu in) EZ (EA827) 75 PS (74 hp; 55 kW) @ 5000 rpm 125 N⋅m (92 lb⋅ft) @ 2500 rpm 104 mph (167 km/h) 12.3
1.6[6] 1986–1990 1595 cc (97,3 cu in) RF (EA827) 72 PS (71 hp; 53 kW) @ 5200 rpm 120 N⋅m (89 lb⋅ft) @ 2700 rpm 102 mph (164 km/h) 12.7
1.8[7] 1983–1991 1781 cc (108,7 cu in) GU (EA827) 90 PS (89 hp; 66 kW) @ 5200 rpm 145 N⋅m (107 lb⋅ft) @ 3300 rpm 111 mph (179 km/h) 10.2
1.8 G60[8] 1988–1991 1781 cc (108,7 cu in) PG (G60) 162 PS (160 hp; 119 kW) @ 5600 rpm 225 N⋅m (166 lb⋅ft) @ 4000 rpm 134 mph (216 km/h) 8.3
1.8 G60 Limited[9] 1990 1781 cc (108,7 cu in) 3G (G60) 210 PS (207 hp; 154 kW) @ 6500 rpm 252 N⋅m (186 lb⋅ft) @ 5000 rpm 139 mph (224 km/h) 6.4
1.8 GTI[10] 1983–1988 1781 cc (108,7 cu in) EV (EA827) 112 PS (110 hp; 82 kW) @ 5500 rpm 153 N⋅m (113 lb⋅ft) @ 3100 rpm 120 mph (193 km/h) 8.4
1.8 GTI 16v[11] 1986–1992 1781 cc (108,7 cu in) KR (EA827) 139 PS (137 hp; 102 kW) @ 6100 rpm 168 N⋅m (124 lb⋅ft) @ 4600 rpm 129 mph (208 km/h) 8.0
1.8 Rallye[9] 1988–1989 1763 cc (107,6 cu in) 1Y (1Y) 160 PS (158 hp; 118 kW) @ 5800 rpm 225 N⋅m (166 lb⋅ft) @ 3800 rpm 8.6
1.8 Synchro[12] 1986–1989 1781 cc (108,7 cu in) RP (EA827) 90 PS (89 hp; 66 kW) @ 5250 rpm 142 N⋅m (105 lb⋅ft) @ 3000 rpm 111 mph (179 km/h) 10.7
2.0 16v 1990–1992 1984 cc (121,1 cu in) 9A (EA827) 134 hp (100 kW; 136 PS) @ 5800 rpm 186 N⋅m (137 lb⋅ft) @ 4400 rpm
1.6 D[13] 1983–1991 1588 cc (96,9 cu in) JP (EA827) 54 PS (53 hp; 40 kW) @ 4800 rpm 100 N⋅m (74 lb⋅ft) @ 2300 rpm 89 mph (143 km/h) 21.6
1.6 TD[14] 1983–1991 1588 cc (96,9 cu in) JR (EA827) 69 PS (68 hp; 51 kW) @ 4500 rpm 133 N⋅m (98 lb⋅ft) @ 2600 rpm 99 mph (159 km/h) 13.7
1.6 TD[15] 1989–1992 1588 cc (96,9 cu in) SB (EA827) 60 PS (59 hp; 44 kW) @ 4500 rpm 110 N⋅m (81 lb⋅ft) @ 2300 rpm 94 mph (151 km/h) 16.0


Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Auto Motor und Sport Heft 18 Seite 24. Stuttgart. 2008. 
  2. ^ Kittler, Eberhard (2001). Deutsche Autos seit 1990. Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag. hlm. 250. ISBN 3-613-02128-5. 
  3. ^ "1983 Volkswagen Golf 1.3 C (model since mid-year 1983 for Europe ) specifications & performance data review". automobile-catalog.com. Diakses tanggal 28 December 2014. 
  4. ^ "1987 Volkswagen Golf 1.3 GL (model since mid-year 1987 for Europe ) specifications & performance data review". automobile-catalog.com. Diakses tanggal 28 December 2014. 
  5. ^ "1983 Volkswagen Golf 1.6 GL (model since mid-year 1983 for Europe ) specifications & performance data review". automobile-catalog.com. Diakses tanggal 28 December 2014. 
  6. ^ "1986 Volkswagen Golf 1.6 CL cat (model since mid-year 1986 for Europe ) specifications & performance data review". automobile-catalog.com. Diakses tanggal 28 December 2014. 
  7. ^ "1983 Volkswagen Golf 1.8 GL (model since mid-year 1983 for Europe ) specifications & performance data review". automobile-catalog.com. Diakses tanggal 28 December 2014. 
  8. ^ "1990 Volkswagen Golf G60 technical specifications". Carfolio. Diakses tanggal 28 December 2014. 
  9. ^ a b Kesalahan pengutipan: Tag <ref> tidak sah; tidak ditemukan teks untuk ref bernama evo
  10. ^ "1983 Volkswagen Golf GTi (model since mid-year 1983 for Europe ) specifications & performance data review". automobile-catalog.com. Diakses tanggal 28 December 2014. 
  11. ^ "1986 Volkswagen Golf GTi 16V (model since mid-year 1986 for Europe ) specifications & performance data review". automobile-catalog.com. Diakses tanggal 28 December 2014. 
  12. ^ "1986 Volkswagen Golf Syncro cat (model since mid-year 1986 for Europe ) specifications & performance data review". automobile-catalog.com. Diakses tanggal 28 December 2014. 
  13. ^ "1983 Volkswagen Golf 1.6 Diesel automatic (model since mid-year 1983 for Europe ) specifications & performance data review". automobile-catalog.com. Diakses tanggal 28 December 2014. 
  14. ^ "1983 Volkswagen Golf 1.6 TD CL (model since mid-year 1983 for Europe ) specifications & performance data review". automobile-catalog.com. Diakses tanggal 28 December 2014. 
  15. ^ "1989 Volkswagen Golf 1.6 TD CL cat (model since mid-year 1989 for Europe ) specifications & performance data review". automobile-catalog.com. Diakses tanggal 28 December 2014. 

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Templat:Volkswagen (Europe) timeline 1980 to date