Tombak Suci

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Fresko karya Fra Angelico, biara Dominikan di San Marco, Firenze, yang menampilkan tombak tersebut menusuk sisi Yesus di atas kayu salib (c. 1440)

Tombak Suci (bahasa Jerman: Heilige Lanze), yang juga dikenal sebagai Tombak Takdir atau Tombak Longinus, adalah nama yang diberikan kepada tombak yang digunakan untuk menusuk Yesus ketika Ia digantung di atas kayu salib, menurut Injil Yohanes. Beberapa gereja di dunia mengklaim menyimpan tombak tersebut.

Bacaan tambahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Brown, Arthur Charles Lewis. Bleeding Lance. Modern Language Association of America, 1910
  • Childress, David Hatcher. Pirates and the Lost Templar Fleet: The Secret Naval War Between the Knights Templar and the Vatican. Adventures Unlimited Press, 2003.
  • Crowley, Cornelius Joseph. The Legend of the Wanderings of the Spear Of Longinus. Heartland Book, 1972.
  • Hone, William. The Lost Books of the Bible. Bell Publishing Co., 1979.
  • Kirchweger, Franz, ed. Die Heilige Lanze in Wien. Insignie – Reliquie – Schicksalsspeer [The Holy Lance in Vienna. Insignia – Relic – Spear of Destiny]. Vienna: Kunsthistorisches Museum, 2005.
  • Kirchweger, Franz. "Die Geschichte der Heiligen Lanze vom späteren Mittelalter bis zum Ende des Heiligen Römischen Reiches (1806) [The History of the Holy Lance from the Later Middle Ages to the End of the Holy Roman Empire (1806)]." Die Heilige Lanze in Wien. Insignie – Reliquie – Schicksalsspeer. Vienna: Kunsthistorisches Museum, 2005, 71–110.
  • MacLellan, Alec. The Secret of the Spear: The Mystery of the Spear of Longinus. Souvenir Press, 2005 (Reprint).
  • Morris, Colin. "Policy and vision: The case of the Holy Lance found at Antioch", in John Gillingham & J. C. Holt, War and Government in the Middle Ages: Essays in honour of J. O. Prestwich, Boydell, 1984, pp. 33–45
  • Rutman, Leo. Spear Of Destiny: A Novel. Pinnacle Books, 1989.
  • Schier, Volker and Corine Schleif. "The Holy Lance as Late Twentieth-century Subcultural Icon." Subcultural Icons, edited by Keyan Tomaselli and David Scott. Walnut Creek: Left Coast Press, 2009, 103–134.
  • Schier, Volker and Corine Schleif. "Die heilige und die unheilige Lanze. Von Richard Wagner bis zum World Wide Web [The Holy and the Unholy Lance. From Richard Wagner to the World Wide Web]." Die Heilige Lanze in Wien. Insignie - Reliquie - Schicksalsspeer, edited by Franz Kirchweger. Vienna: Kunsthistorisches Museum, 2005, 111–144.
  • Schier, Volker and Corine Schleif. "Seeing and Singing, Touching and Tasting the Holy Lance. The Power and Politics of Embodied Religious Experiences in Nuremberg, 1424–1524." Signs of Change. Transformations of Christian Traditions and their Representation in the Arts, 1000–2000, edited by Nils Holger Petersen, Claus Cluver, and Nicolas Bell. Amsterdam – New York: Rodopi, 2004, 401–426.
  • Sheffy, Lester Fields. Use of the Holy Lance in the First Crusade. L.F. Sheffy, 1915.
  • Secrets of the Holy Lance by Jerry E. Smith & George Piccard, Copyright 2005, Published by Adventures Unlimited Press
  • The Dew of Heaven by Angelo Paratico Cactus Moon Publications, Tempe, 2016.

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]