Templat:Citation

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Templat Citation menghasilkan tampilan kutipan untuk buku, majalah, kontribusi pada karya bersama, paten, atau halaman web. Jenis kutipan ditentukan berdasarkan pengamatan parameter yang digunakan.

Jika diberikan parameter yang tepat, templat ini menghasilkan output identik dengan templat Cite, seperti {{Cite book}} dan {{Cite web}}. The default behavior sometimes differs from that of the Cite templates; for example, this template by default generates anchors for Harvard references whereas the Cite templates do not (although they can be made to do so), and this template by default uses commas to separate some fields that the Cite templates separate with periods (full stops).

The template should be inserted after punctuation, such as a period or comma.

Semua nama parameter dalam huruf kecil.

Kutipan sederhana

This template gives the most commonly used attributes. You can copy the horizontal form or vertical form below and then add in extra attributes from the full list. Spacing and ordering is irrelevant.

{{Citation |last= |first= |year= |title= |publisher= |publication-place= |page= |url= |accessdate= }}

{{Citation
| last       =
| first      =
| year       =
| title      =
| publisher  =
| publication-place =
| page       =
| url        =
| accessdate =
}}
  • last: The author's surname or last name. Don't use with author.
  • first: The author's first or given name(s).
  • year: Year of authorship or publication. Mandatory for use with links from Template:Harvard citation, unless |date= specifies both month and year.
  • title: Title of the work. Mandatory for web references.
  • publisher: The name of the publisher. Omit terms such as Publishers, Co., Inc., Ltd., etc., but retain the words Books or Press. Not normally included where the publication is a periodical which has its own Wikipedia article (e.g. Newsweek, Billboard).
    • publication-place (or place or location): The city of publication. If more than one town/city is listed on the title page, give the first one or the location of the publisher's head office. Omit when the publication is a periodical whose name specifies the location (e.g. The New York Times, The Times of India)
  • page: For use when one page is cited. Adds "p." before the page number. Do not use with pages.
  • url: A url of an online location where the item can be found. If the url includes double quotes, these must be encoded as "%22".
    • accessdate: Date[n 1] when the url was accessed.

Contoh

{{Citation
| last      = Turner
| first     = Orsamus
| title     = History of the pioneer settlement of
Phelps and Gorham's purchase, and Morris' reserve
| publisher = William Alling
| place     = Rochester, New York
| year      = 1851
| id        = {{OL|7120924W}}
}}
Turner, Orsamus (1851), History of the pioneer settlement of Phelps and Gorham's purchase, and Morris' reserve, Rochester, New York: William Alling, OL7120924W 

Full citation parameters

These can be used for all types of publication except patents. All are optional and indentation is used simply to group related items — these may be mutually exclusive where indicated. Some hyphenated names can also be placed without hyphens.

{{Citation
| author  =
| last    =
| first   =
| author2 =
| last2   =
| first2  =
| author-link  =
| author2-link =
| author-separator =
| author-name-separator =
| author-mask =
| display-authors =
| editor        =
| editor-last   =
| editor-first  =
| editor2       =
| editor2-last  =
| editor2-first =
| editor-link   =
| editor2-link  =
| others   =
| publication-date =
| date     =
| year     =
| origyear =
| title    =
| chapter  =
| chapter-url  =
| chapter-format  =
| contribution =
| contribution-url =
| type    =
| journal =
| periodical =
| newspaper  =
| magazine   =
| work =
| edition =
| series  =
| volume  =
| issue   =
| publisher =
| publication-place =
| place    =
| language =
| page  =
| pages =
| nopp  =
| at   =
| id   =
| isbn =
| issn =
| oclc =
| pmid =
| pmc  =
| bibcode =
| doi =
| doi_inactivedate =
| zbl =
| url =
| accessdate  =
| format      =
| archiveurl  =
| archivedate =
| quote      =
| layurl =
| laysource  =
| laydate    =
| separator  = ,
| postscript =
| ref =
}}

Parameter

Sintaks

Parameter yang disarangkan bergantung pada parameter induknya:

  • parent
  • ATAU: parent2 - dapat digunakan sebagai ganti parent
    • child - dapat digunakan dengan parent (dan diabaikan jika parent tidak digunakan)
    • ATAU: child2 - dapat digunakan sebagai ganti child (dan diabaikan jika parent2 tidak digunakan)
Jika alias terdaftar, hanya satu dari parameter tersebut yang dapat ditentukan; jika beberapa parameter alias didefinisikan, maka hanya satu yang akan ditampilkan.

By default, sets of fields are terminated with a comma (,).

COinS

Templat ini menyematkan metadata COinS di keluaran HTML, memungkinkan perangkat lunak manajemen referensi untuk mengambil metadata daftar pustaka. Lihat Wikipedia:COinS. Sebagai aturan umum, hanya satu item data per parameter. Jangan sertakan teks penjelasan atau alternatif:

  • Gunakan |date=27 September 2007, bukannya |date=27 September 2007 (versi cetak 25 September)

Penggunaan templat di dalam templat kutipan tidak disarankan karena kebanyakan templat jenis ini akan menambahkan sintaks HTML atau CSS asing yang akan dimasukkan mentah dalam metadata. Selain itu, entitas HTML, misalnya  , –, dll, tidak boleh digunakan dalam parameter yang berkontribusi pada metadata. Jangan sertakan penanda Wiki '' (huruf miring) atau ''' (huruf tebal) karena karakter penanda ini akan mencemari metadata.

Metadata COinS akan dibuat untuk parameter berikut ini

  • |periodical=, |journal=, |newspaper=, |magazine=, |work=, |website=, |encyclopedia=, |encyclopaedia=, |dictionary=
  • |chapter=, |contribution=, |entry=, |article=, |section=
  • |title=
  • |publication-place=, |publicationplace=, |place=, |location=
  • |date=, |year=, |publication-date=, |publicationdate=
  • |series=, |version=
  • |volume=
  • |issue=, |number=
  • |page=, |pages=, |at=
  • |edition=
  • |publisher=, |distributor=, |institution=
  • |url=
  • |chapter-url=, |chapterurl=, |contribution-url=, |contributionurl=, |section-url=, |sectionurl=
  • |author#=, |author-last#=, |author#-last=, |last#=, |surname#=
  • |author-first#=, |author#-first=, |first#=, |given#=
  • salah satu dari penanda bernama berikut ini: (|isbn=, |issn=, |doi=, |pmc=, dll.)

Deprecated

Tidak ada satu pun parameter cs1|2 yang tidak digunakan lagi.

Pemerian

Pengarang (author)

  • last: Nama keluarga dari seorang penulis tunggal. Jangan diwikifikasi—gunakan author-link sebagai gantinya. Untuk penulis atau penulis bersama yang bagi mereka hanya satu nama yang terdaftar oleh sumber, gunakan last atau salah satu dari aliasnya (mis. |author=Bono). Alias: surname, author, last1, surname1, author1.
    • author: parameter ini digunakan untuk mewadahi nama lengkap dari seorang penulis tunggal (nama awal dan nama keluarga) atau untuk mewadahi nama penulis bersama. Parameter ini tidak boleh memuat lebih dari satu nama penulis.
    • first: Nama pemberian atau nama depan penulis; sebagai contoh: Firstname Middlename atau Firstname M. atau Firstname M., Sr. Jangan diwikifikasi—gunakan author-link sebagai gantinya. Alias: given, first1, given1. Membutuhkan parameter last; nama depan tidak akan ditampilkan jika parameter last kosong atau tidak berisi.
    • ATAU: untuk banyak penulis, gunakan last1, first1 mengikuti lastn, firstn, di mana n adalah pengganti angka atau nomor berurutan untuk jumlah penulis yang tidak terbatas (setiap firstn membutuhkan parameter lastn yang berkaitan). Lihat parameter tampilan untuk mengubah seberapa banyak penulis yang akan ditampilkan. Alias: surname1, given1 mengikuti surnamen, givenn, atau author1 mengikuti authorn. Untuk penulis tunggal ditambah penulis dari sebuah lembaga atau organisasi, Anda dapat menggunakan |first1=...|last1=...|author2=....
    • author-link: Judul artikel Wikipedia yang telah ada tentang si penulis—bukannya situs web si penulis; jangan diwikifikasi. Alias: author-link1, authorlink, authorlink1, author1-link, author1link.
    • ATAU: untuk banyak penulis, gunakan author-link1 mengikuti author-linkn. Alias: authorlink1 mengikuti authorlinkn, atau author1-link mengikuti authorn-link, atau author1link mengikuti authornlink.
    • name-list-format: menampilkan para penulis dan penyunting dalam gaya Vancouver ketika parameternya diatur ke vanc dan ketika daftar ini menggunakan parameter last/first untuk daftar nama.
  • vauthors: daftar nama-nama penulis yang dipisahkan koma dalam gaya Vancouver; lampirkan nama penulis dari organisasi atau lembaga dengan tanda kurung ganda:
    |vauthors=Smythe JB, ((Megabux Corporation))
    • author-link dan author-mask dapat digunakan untuk masing-masing nama di |vauthors= seperti yang dijelaskan di atas
  • authors: Daftar nama penulis secara bebas; penggunaan parameter ini tidak disarankan karena tidak berkontribusi pada metadata rujukan; dan bukan merupakan alias atau pengganti last.
  • coauthors: (tidak lagi digunakan) Nama rekan penulis (coauthors). Membutuhkan parameter author, authors, atau lastn Memasukkan rekan penulis di author atau authors atau gunakan authorn yang terpisah atau lastn/firstn untuk daftar rekan penulis.
  • translator-last: Nama keluarga dari si penerjemah. Jangan diwikifikasi—gunakan translator-link sebagai gantinya. Alias: translator-surname, translator1, translator1-last, translator-last1.
    • translator-first: Nama pemberian atau nama depan dari si penerjemah. Jangan diwikifikasi—gunakan translator-link sebagai gantinya. Alias: translator-given, translator1-first, translator-first1.
    • ATAU: untuk banyak penerjemah, gunakan translator-last1, translator-first1 mengikuti translator-lastn, translator-firstn, di mana n adalah pengganti angka atau nomor berurutan untuk jumlah penulis yang tidak terbatas (setiap translator-firstn membutuhkan parameter translator-lastn yang berkaitan). Alias: translator1-last, translator1-first mengikuti translatorn-last, translatorn-first, atau translator1 mengikuti translatorn.
    • translator-link: Judul artikel Wikipedia yang telah ada tentang si penerjemah—bukannya situs web si penerjemah; jangan diwikifikasi. Alias: translator-link1, translator1-link.
    • ATAU: untuk banyak penerjemah, gunakan translator-link1 mengikuti translator-linkn. Alias: translator1-link mengikuti translatorn-link.
  • collaboration: Nama dari sekelompok penulis atau kolaborator; membutuhkan parameter author, last, atau vauthors yang mendaftarkan satu atau lebih dari penulis utama; mengikuti daftar nama penulis; menambahkan "et al." ke daftar nama penulis.
  • others: Untuk mencatat kontributor lainnya atas sebuah karya, misalnya ilustrator. Untuk nilai parameternya, tuliskan Diilustrasikan oleh John Smith.
  • Catatan: Saat menggunakan gaya catatan kaki singkat atau referensi tanda kutip dengan templat, jangan menggunakan banyak nama dalam satu bidang, jika dilakukan maka parameter penyiar tidak akan cocok dengan pranala sebaris.

Editor

  • editor-last: Surname of editor. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Where the surname is usually written first—as in Chinese—or for corporate authors, simply use editor-last to include the same format as the source. Aliases: editor-last1, editor-surname, editor-surname1, editor, editor1.
    • editor-first: Given or first names of editor, including title(s); example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Aliases: editor-first1, editor-given, editor-given1.
    • OR: for multiple editors, use editor-last1, editor-first1 through editor-lastn, editor-firstn. Aliases: editor-surname1, editor-given1 through editor-surnamen, editor-givenn or editor1 through editorn.
  • editor-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor—not the editor's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: editor-link1.
  • OR: for multiple editors, use editor-link1 through editor-linkn.
  • name-list-format: displays authors and editors in Vancouver style when set to vanc and when the list uses last/first parameters for the name list(s)
  • editors: Free-form list of editor names; not an alias of editor-last
Display:
If authors: Authors are first, followed by the included work, then "In" and the editors, then the main work.
If no authors: Editors appear before the included work; a single editor is followed by "ed."; multiple editors are followed by "eds."; exactly four editors will show three editors followed by "et al., eds." unless display-editors is used.

Judul (title)

  • title: Title of source. Can be wikilinked to an existing Wikipedia article or url may be used to add an external link, but not both. Displays in italics. If script-title is defined, title holds romanized transliteration of title in script-title.
    • script-title: Original title for languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Hebrew, Japanese, etc); not italicized, follows italicized transliteration defined in title. May be prefixed with an ISO 639-1 two-character code to help browsers properly display the script:
      ... |title=Tōkyō tawā |script-title=ja:東京タワー |trans-title=Tokyo Tower ...
    • trans-title: English translation of the title if the source cited is in a foreign language. Displays in square brackets after title; if url is defined, then trans-title is included in the link. Use of the language parameter is recommended.
Titles containing certain characters will display and link incorrectly unless those characters are encoded.
newline [ ] |
space [ ] |
{{bracket|text}} {{pipe}} – see also: rendering vertical bars in tables
  • title-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the source named in title – do not use a web address; do not wikilink. Alias: titlelink.
  • chapter: The chapter heading of the source. May be wikilinked or may use chapter-url, but not both. Displays in quotes.
    • trans-chapter: English translation of the chapter heading, if the source cited is in a foreign language. Displays in square brackets after the chapter field; if chapter-url is defined, then trans-chapter is included in the link. Use of the language parameter is recommended.
  • type: Provides additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case. Displays in parentheses following the title. Examples: Thesis, Booklet, CD liner, Press release. Alias: medium.
  • language: The language in which the source is written, if not English. Displays in parentheses with "in" before the language name or names. Use the full language name or ISO 639-1 code. When the source uses more than one language, list them individually, separated by commas, e.g. |language=French, German. The use of language names or language codes recognized by Wikimedia adds the page to the appropriate subcategory of CS1 foreign language sources; do not use templates or wikilinks.

Tanggal (date)

  • date: Tanggal saat sumber tersebut dirujuk. Bisa merupakan tanggal penuh (hari, bulan, dan tahun) atau tanggal parsial (bulan dan tahun, musim dan tahun, atau tahun). Gunakan format yang sama dengan tanggal publikasi lainnya dalam rujukan.[date 1] Diperlukan ketika parameter year digunakan untuk mendiambiguasi pranala {{sfn}} ke beberapa kutipan yang masih aktif oleh penulis yang sama di tahun yang sama.[selengkapnya] Jangan diwikifikasi. Ditampilkan setelah penulis dan diapit dalam tanda kurung. Jika tidak ada penulis, maka akan ditampilkan setelah penerbit. Untuk format tanggal yang dapat diterima, lihat Bantuan:Gaya Rujukan 1 § Tanggal.
Untuk perkiraan tahun, awali dengan "c. ", seperti ini: |date=c. 1900.

Tanpa tanggal, atau "tidak bertanggal", tambahkan menjadi seperti |date=n.d.
  • year: Tahun saat sumber tersebut dirujuk. Penggunaan |date= disarankan kecuali semua kondisi berikut dipenuhi:
    1. Templat tersebut menggunakan |ref=harv, atau templatnya berupa {{citation}}, atau |mode=cs2
    2. Format |date= adalah YYYY-MM-DD.
    3. Rujukan tersebut membutuhkan disambiguator CITEREF.
  • orig-year: Tahun publikasi asli; ditampilkan setelah tanggal atau tahun. Untuk lebih jelasnya, berikan spesifikasinya. Sebagai contoh: |orig-year=Diterbitkan pertama kali tahun 1859 atau |orig-year=Disusun tahun 1904. Alias: origyear
  • df: format tanggal; mengatur tanggal yang diberikan ke format yang ditentukan; tidak mendukung rentang tanggal atau tanggal musiman. Menerima satu nilai yang mungkin salah satunya termasuk dalam sintaks berikut ini:
    dmy – mengatur tanggal publikasi ke format tanggal, bulan, tahun; access- dan archive-dates tidak akan diubah;
    mdy – sama seperti di atas, tetapi untuk format bulan, hari, tahun
    ymd – sama seperti di atas, tetapi untuk format tahun pertama numerik YYYY-MM-DD
    dmy-all – mengatur publikasi, access-, dan archive-dates ke format hari, bulan, tahun;
    mdy-all – sama seperti di atas, tetapi untuk format bulan, hari, tahun
    ymd-all – sama seperti di atas, tetapi untuk format tahun pertama numerik YYYY-MM-DD
  1. ^ Tanggal publikasi di referensi dalam sebuah artikel semuanya harus memiliki format yang sama. Ini mungkin format yang berbeda dari yang digunakan untuk arsip dan tanggal akses. Lihat MOS:DATEUNIFY.

Periodical

  • work: Name of the source periodical; may be wikilinked if relevant. Displays in italics. Aliases: journal, newspaper, magazine, periodical.
    • issue: When the publication is one of a series that is published periodically. Alias: number.
When set, work changes the formatting of other parameters:
title is not italicized and is enclosed in quotes.
chapter does not display in this citation template (and will produce an error message).
location and publisher are enclosed in parentheses.
page and pages do not show p. or pp.
edition does not display.

Publisher

  • publisher: Name of publisher; may be wikilinked if relevant. The publisher is the company that publishes the work being cited. Do not use the publisher parameter for the name of a work (e.g. a book, encyclopedia, newspaper, magazine, journal, website). Not normally used for periodicals. Corporate designations such as "Ltd", "Inc" or "GmbH" are not usually included. Omit where the publisher's name is substantially the same as the name of the work (for example, The New York Times Co. publishes The New York Times newspaper, so there is no reason to name the publisher). Displays after title; if work is defined, then publisher is enclosed in parentheses.
  • place: Geographical place of publication; generally not wikilinked; omit when the name of the work includes the location; examples: The Boston Globe, The Times of India. Displays after the title; if work is defined, then location is enclosed in parentheses. Alias: location
  • publication-place: If any one of publication-place, place or location are defined, then the location shows after the title; if publication-place and place or location are defined, then place or location are shown before the title prefixed with "written at" and publication-place is shown after the title.
  • publication-date: Date of publication when different from the date the work was written. Displays only if year or date are defined and only if different, else publication-date is used and displayed as date. Use the same format as other dates in the article; do not wikilink. Follows publisher; if work is not defined, then publication-date is preceded by "published" and enclosed in parenthesis.
  • via: Name of the content deliverer (if different from publisher). via is not a replacement for publisher, but provides additional detail. It may be used when the content deliverer presents the source in a format other than the original (e.g. NewsBank), when the URL provided does not make clear the identity of the deliverer, where no URL or DOI is available (EBSCO), if the deliverer requests attribution, or as requested in WP:The Wikipedia Library (e.g. Credo, HighBeam). See also registration and subscription.

Edition, series, volume

  • edition: When the publication has more than one edition; for example: "2nd", "Revised", and so forth. Appends the string " ed." after the field, so |edition=2nd produces "2nd ed." Does not display if a periodical field is defined.
  • series or version: Ketika sumber adalah bagian dari seri, seperti seri buku atau jurnal di mana nomor edisi telah dimulai kembali.
  • volume: For one publication published in several volumes. Displays after the title and series fields; volumes of four characters or less display in bold.|Displays after the title and series fields; displays in bold. If bolding is not desired, then include the volume information in the title field.

In-source locations

  • page: The number of a single page in the source that supports the content. Use either |page= or |pages=, but not both. Displays preceded by p. unless |nopp=y.
  • OR: pages: A range of pages in the source that supports the content. Use either |page= or |pages=, but not both. Separate using an en dash (–); separate non-sequential pages with a comma (,); do not use to indicate the total number of pages in the source. Displays preceded by pp. unless |nopp=y. Hyphens are automatically converted to en dashes; if hyphens are appropriate, for example: pp. 3-1–3-15, use |at=.
    • nopp: Set to y to suppress the p. or pp. notations where this is inappropriate; for example, where |page=Front cover.
  • OR: at: For sources where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient. Overridden by |page= or |pages=. Use only one of |page=, |pages=, or |at=.
Examples: page (p.) or pages (pp.); section (sec.), column (col.), paragraph (para.); track; hours, minutes and seconds; act, scene, canto, book, part, folio, stanza, back cover, liner notes, indicia, colophon, dust jacket, verse.

URL

  • url: URL of an online location where the text of the publication can be found. Cannot be used if title is wikilinked. If applicable, the link may point to the specific page(s) referenced. Remove spurious tracking parameters from URLs, e.g. #ixzz2rBr3aO94 or ?utm_source=google&utm_medium=...&utm_term=...&utm_campaign=.... Do not link to any commercial booksellers, such as Amazon.com. See: WP:PAGELINKS.
    • access-date: Full date when the content pointed to by url was last verified to support the text in the article; do not wikilink; requires url; use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations.[date 1] Not required for linked documents that do not change. For example, access-date is not required for links to copies of published research papers accessed via DOI or a published book, but should be used for links to news articles on commercial web sites (these can change from time to time, even if they are also published in a physical medium). Note that access-date is the date that the URL was checked to not just be working, but to support the assertion being cited (which the current version of the page may not do). Can be hidden or styled by registered editors. Alias: accessdate.
    • archive-url: The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the url becomes unavailable. Typically used to refer to services like WebCite (see: Wikipedia:Using WebCite) and Internet Archive (see: Wikipedia:Using the Wayback Machine); requires archive-date and url. Alias: archiveurl.
      • archive-date: Date when the original URL was archived; preceded by default text "archived from the original on". Use the same format as other access and archive dates in the citations. This does not necessarily have to be the same format that was used for citing publication dates.[date 1] Do not wikilink. Alias: archivedate.
      • dead-url: When the URL is still live, but pre-emptively archived, then set |dead-url=no. This changes the display order with the title retaining the original link and the archive linked at the end. Alias: deadurl.
    • template-doc-demo: The archive parameters will be error checked to ensure that all the required parameters are included, or else {{citation error}} is invoked. With errors, main, help and template pages are placed into one of the subcategories of Category:Articles with incorrect citation syntax. Set |template-doc-demo=true to disable categorization; mainly used for documentation where the error is demonstrated.
  • format: Format of the work referred to by url; for example: PDF, DOC, or XLS; displayed in parentheses after title. HTML is implied and should not be specified. Automatically added when a PDF icon is displayed. Does not change the external link icon. Note: External link icons do not include alt text; thus, they do not add format information for the visually impaired.
URLs must begin with a supported URI scheme. http:// and https:// will be supported by all browsers; however, ftp://, gopher://, irc://, ircs://, mailto: and news: will require a plug-in or an external application and should normally be avoided. IPv6 host-names are currently not supported.
If URLs in citation template parameters contain certain characters, then they will not display and link correctly. Those characters need to be percent-encoded. For example, a space must be replaced by %20. To encode the URL, replace the following characters with:
sp " ' < > [ ] { | }
%20 %22 %27 %3c %3e %5b %5d %7b %7c %7d
Single apostrophes do not need to be encoded; however, unencoded multiples will be parsed as italic or bold markup. Single curly closing braces also do not need to be encoded; however, an unencoded pair will be parsed as the double closing braces for the template transclusion.
  1. ^ a b Access-date and archive-date in references should all have the same format – either the format used for publication dates, or YYYY-MM-DD. See: MOS:DATEUNIFY.

Chapter URL

  • chapter-url: URL of an individual chapter of online source. Should be at the same site as url, if any. If chapter-url is used, url should only be used if the beginning of the work and the cited chapter are on separate webpages at the site. chapter may be wikilinked or chapter-url used, but not both. Aliases: chapterurl.
  • chapter-format: Format of the work referred to by chapter-url; for example: PDF, DOC, or XLS; displayed in parentheses after chapter. HTML is implied and should not be specified. Does not change the external link icon. Note: External link icons do not include alt text; thus, they do not add format information for the visually impaired.

Anchor

Identifiers

  • id: A unique identifier, used where none of the specialized identifiers are applicable; wikilink or use a template as applicable.

These identifiers create links and are designed to accept a single value. Using multiple values or other text will break the link and/or invalidate the identifier. In general, the parameters should include only the variable part of the identifier, e.g. rfc=822 or pmc=345678.

  • arxiv: arXiv identifier; for example: arxiv=hep-th/9205027 (before April 2007) or arxiv=0706.0001 or arxiv=1501.00001 (since April 2007). Do not include extraneous file extensions like ".pdf" or ".html".
  • asin: Amazon Standard Identification Number; if first character of asin value is a digit, use isbn.
    • asin-tld: ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US; valid values: au, br, ca, cn, co.jp, co.uk, de, es, fr, it, mx
  • bibcode: Bibcode; used by a number of astronomical data systems; for example: 1974AJ.....79..819H
  • doi: Digital object identifier; for example: 10.1038/news070508-7. It is checked to ensure it begins with (10.).
    • doi-broken-date: Date the DOI was found to be non-working at http://dx.doi.org. Use the same format as other dates in the article. Alias: doi_brokendate, doi-inactive-date
  • isbn: International Standard Book Number; for example: 978-0-8126-9593-9. (See: Wikipedia:ISBN and ISBN). Dashes in the ISBN are optional, but preferred. Use the ISBN actually printed on or in the book. Use the 13-digit ISBN – beginning with 978 or 979 – when it is available. If only a 10-digit ISBN is printed on or in the book, use it. ISBNs can be found on the page with the publisher's information – usually the back of the title page – or beneath the barcode as a number beginning with 978 or 979 (barcodes beginning with any other numbers are not ISBNs). For sources with the older 9-digit SBN system, prefix the number with a zero; thus, SBN 902888-45-5 should be entered as |isbn=0-902888-45-5. Do not convert a 10-digit ISBN to 13-digit by just adding the 978 prefix; the last digit is a calculated check digit and just making changes to the numbers will make the ISBN invalid. This parameter should hold only the ISBN without any additional characters. It is checked for length, invalid characters – anything other than numbers, spaces, and hyphens, with "X" permitted as the last character in a 10-digit ISBN – and the proper check digit. Alias: ISBN
  • issn: International Standard Serial Number; eight characters may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen, but not an en dash or a space.
  • jfm: Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik
  • jstor: JSTOR abstract; for example: jstor=3793107 will generate JSTOR 3793107.
  • lccn: Library of Congress Control Number. When present, alphabetic prefix characters are to be lower case.
  • mr: Mathematical Reviews
  • oclc: OCLC
  • ol: Open Library identifier; do not include "OL" in the value.
  • osti: Office of Scientific and Technical Information
  • pmc: PubMed Central; use article number for full-text free repository of a journal article, e.g. pmc=345678. Do not include "PMC" in the value. See also |pmid= below; these are two different identifiers.
    • embargo: Date that pmc goes live; if this date is in the future, then pmc is not linked until that date.
  • pmid: PubMed; use unique identifier. See also |pmc= above; these are two different identifiers.
  • rfc: Request for Comments
  • ssrn: Social Science Research Network
  • zbl: Zentralblatt MATH

Quote

  • quote: Teks tertentu yang dikutip dari sumber. Ditampilkan terapit dalam tanda kutip.

Laysummary

  • lay-url: URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; the URL title is set to "Lay summary". Aliases: lay-summary, laysummary.
    • lay-source: Name of the source of the laysummary. Displays in italics and preceded by an endash. Alias: laysource.
    • lay-date: Date of the summary. Displays in parentheses. Alias: laydate.

Display options

  • mode: Sets element separator, default terminal punctuation, and certain capitalization according to the value provided. For |mode=cs1, element separator is a semicolon (;); terminal punctuation is a period (.); where appropriate, initial letters of certain words are capitalized ('Retrieved...'). For |mode=cs2, element separator is a comma (,); terminal punctuation is omitted; where appropriate, initial letters of certain words are not capitalized ('retrieved...'). To override default terminal punctuation use postscript.
  • author-mask: Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text. Set author-mask to a numeric value n to set the dash n em spaces wide; set author-mask to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, "with". You must still include the values for all authors for metadata purposes. Primarily intended for use with bibliographies or bibliography styles where multiple works by a single author are listed sequentially such as Catatan kaki singkat. Do not use in a list generated by {{reflist}}, <references /> or similar as there is no control of the order in which references are displayed.
  • author-name-separator: (deprecated) Controls the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space (, ); if the parameter is present, but blank, separator punctuation is set to the default; a space must be encoded as &#32;. Use name-list-format.
  • author-separator: (deprecated) Controls the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space (; ); if the parameter is present, but blank, separator punctuation is set to the default; a space must be encoded as &#32;. Use name-list-format.
  • author-format: (deprecated) Use name-list-format.
  • display-authors: Controls the number of author names that are displayed when a citation is published. To change the displayed number of authors, set display-authors to the desired number. For example, |display-authors=2 will display only the first two authors in a citation. By default, all authors are displayed. |display-authors=etal displays all authors in the list followed by et al. Aliases: displayauthors.
  • display-editors: Controls the number of editor names that are displayed when a citation is published. To change the displayed number of editors, set display-editors to the desired number. For example, |display-editors=2 will display only the first two editors in a citation. By default, all editors are displayed except when there are four editors, then the editor list in the citation is truncated to three editors, followed by "et al." This exception mimics the older version of the template for compatibility. If a citation contains four editor names and one wishes all four editor names to display, "et al." may be suppressed by setting |display-editors=4. |display-editors=etal displays all editors in the list followed by et al. Aliases: displayeditors.
  • last-author-amp: Switches the separator between the last two names of the author list to space ampersand space ( & ) when set to any value. Example: |last-author-amp=yes
  • postscript: Controls the closing punctuation for a citation; defaults to none. Ignored if quote is defined.
  • separator: (deprecated) Controls the punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc. Defaults to a comma and space (, ); if the parameter is present, but blank, separator punctuation is set to the default; a space must be encoded as &#32;. Use mode.

Subscription or registration required

These parameters add a link note to the end of the citation:

  • registration: For online sources that require registration, set |registration=yes; superseded by subscription if both are set.
  • subscription: For online sources that require a subscription, set |subscription=yes; supersedes registration if both are set.

Contoh

Buku

Three authors, a volume, and an edition. Ampersand (&) forced before final author's name.
{{Citation
| last1  = Lincoln
| first1 = A.
| last2  = Washington
| first2 = G.
| last3  = Adams
| first3 = J.
| lastauthoramp = yes
| title     = All the Presidents' Names
| publisher = The Pentagon
| place     = Home Base, New York
| volume  = XII
| edition = 2nd
| year    = 2007
}}
Lincoln, A.; Washington, G. & Adams, J. (2007), All the Presidents' Names, XII (edisi ke-2nd), Home Base, New York: The Pentagon 

Web

Web page
{{Citation
| url   = http://nrhp.focus.nps.gov/
| title = NPS Focus
| work  = National Register of Historic Places
| publisher  = [[National Park Service]]
| accessdate = November 30, 2010
| ref = none
}}
"NPS Focus", National Register of Historic Places, National Park Service, diakses tanggal November 30, 2010 
Archived page
{{Citation
| url = http://liftoff.msfc.nasa.gov/academy/space/atmosphere.html
| title = Earth's Atmosphere
| accessdate = October 25, 2007
| publisher  = [[National Aeronautics and Space Administration]]
| year   = 1995
| author = NASA
| archiveurl = http://web.archive.org/web/20071013232332/http://
liftoff.msfc.nasa.gov/academy/space/atmosphere.html
| archivedate = October 13, 2007
}}
NASA (1995), Earth's Atmosphere, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal October 13, 2007, diakses tanggal October 25, 2007 

Journals, koran, majalah, dan periodical lain

Journal article
{{Citation
| last  = Hill
| first = Marvin S.
| title = Joseph Smith and the 1826
Trial: New Evidence and New
Difficulties
| journal = BYU Studies
| volume  = 12
| issue   = 2
| year    = 1976
| pages   = 1–8
| url     = https://byustudies.byu.edu/shop/PDFSRC/12.2Hill.pdf
}}
Hill, Marvin S. (1976), "Joseph Smith and the 1826 Trial: New Evidence and New Difficulties" (PDF), BYU Studies, 12 (2): 1–8 
Journal article with multiple authors and identifier
{{Citation
| last1  = Mandelkern
| first1 = M,
| last2  = Elias
| first2 = J,
| last3  = Eden
| first3 = D,
| last4  = Crothers
| first4 = D
| display-authors = 2
| title   = The dimensions of DNA in solution
| journal = J Mol Biol
| volume  = 152
| issue   = 1
| pages   = 153–61
| year    = 1981
| pmid    = 7338906
| doi     = 10.1016/0022-2836(81)90099-1
}}
Mandelkern, M,; Elias, J,; et al. (1981), "The dimensions of DNA in solution", J Mol Biol, 152 (1): 153–61, doi:10.1016/0022-2836(81)90099-1, PMID 7338906 
Newspaper article
{{Citation
| last  = Smith
| first = Joseph III
| author-link = Joseph Smith III
| title = Last Testimony of Sister Emma
| newspaper = The Saints' Herald
| publication-place = Plano, IL
| volume = 26
| issue  = 19
| date   = October 1, 1879

| page   = 289
| url    = http://www.sidneyrigdon.com/dbroadhu/
IL/sain1872.htm#100179
}}
Smith, Joseph III (October 1, 1879), "Last Testimony of Sister Emma", The Saints' Herald, Plano, IL, 26 (19), hlm. 289 
Conference paper
{{Citation
| last   = Sullivan
| first  = D.B.
| contribution = Time and frequency measurement
 at NIST: The first 100 years
| year   = 2001
| title  = 2001 IEEE Int'l Frequency Control Symp.
| publisher = National Institute of Standards and Technology
| contribution-url = http://tf.nist.gov/timefreq/general/pdf/1485.pdf
| chapter-format = PDF
}}
Sullivan, D.B. (2001), "Time and frequency measurement at NIST: The first 100 years" (PDF), 2001 IEEE Int'l Frequency Control Symp., National Institute of Standards and Technology 

Parts of books, including encyclopedia articles

Manuscript published in an edited compilation
{{Citation
| last  = Bidamon
| first = Emma Smith
| author-link = Emma Hale Smith
| chapter = Letter to Emma S. Pilgrim
| date = March 27, 1876

| editor-last  = Vogel
| editor-first = Dan
| title  = Early Mormon Documents
| volume = 1
| publisher = Signature Books
| publication-date = 1996
| isbn = 1-56085-072-8
}}
Bidamon, Emma Smith (March 27, 1876), "Letter to Emma S. Pilgrim", dalam Vogel, Dan, Early Mormon Documents, 1, Signature Books (dipublikasikan tanggal 1996), ISBN 1-56085-072-8 
Work with an editor but no author
{{Citation
| editor-last  = Vogel
| editor-first = Dan
| title  = Early Mormon Documents
| volume = 1
| publisher = Signature Books
| publication-date = 1996
| isbn = 1-56085-072-8
}}
Vogel, Dan, ed. (1996), Early Mormon Documents, 1, Signature Books, ISBN 1-56085-072-8 
Encyclopedia article by a named author
{{Citation
| last  = Kramer
| first = Martin
| author-link  = Martin Kramer
| contribution = Bernard Lewis
| editor-last  = Boyd
| editor-first = Kelley
| title = Encyclopedia of Historians and Historical Writing
| volume = 1
| pages  = 719–720
| publisher = Fitzroy Dearborn
| place = London
| publication-date = 1999
| contribution-url = http://www.geocities.com/
martinkramerorg/BernardLewis.htm
}}
Kramer, Martin (1999), "Bernard Lewis", dalam Boyd, Kelley, Encyclopedia of Historians and Historical Writing, 1, London: Fitzroy Dearborn, hlm. 719–720 
Encyclopedia article with no named author
{{Citation
| contribution = Bernard Lewis
| editor-last = Boyd
| editor-first = Kelley
| title = Encyclopedia of Historians
and Historical Writing
| volume = 1
| pages = 719–720
| publisher = Fitzroy Dearborn
| place = London
| year = 1999
| contribution-url = http://www.geocities.com/
martinkramerorg/BernardLewis.htm
}}
Boyd, Kelley, ed. (1999), "Bernard Lewis", Encyclopedia of Historians and Historical Writing, 1, London: Fitzroy Dearborn, hlm. 719–720 

Republications, or edited quotations in a periodical article

Manuscript edited and published in a journal
{{Citation
| last = Knight
| first = Joseph, Sr.
| year = 1833
| editor-last = Jessee
| editor-first = Dean
| title = Joseph Knight's Recollection
of Early Mormon History
| journal = BYU Studies
| volume = 17
| issue = 1
| publication-date = 1976
| page = 35
| url = https://byustudies.byu.edu/shop/PDFSRC/17.1Jessee.pdf
}}
Knight, Joseph, Sr. (1833), Jessee, Dean, ed., "Joseph Knight's Recollection of Early Mormon History" (PDF), BYU Studies (dipublikasikan tanggal 1976), 17 (1): 35 
Manuscript written at one date and place, then published in a periodical at a different date and place with commentary by the editor.
{{Citation
| last = Klingensmith
| first = Philip
| contribution = Affidavit

| date = September 5, 1872
| place = Lincoln County, Nevada
| title = Mountain Meadows Massacre
| editor-last = Toohy
| editor-first = Dennis J.
| journal = Corinne Daily Reporter
| publication-date = September 24, 1872
| publication-place = Corinne, Utah
| volume = 5
| issue = 252
| page = 1
| contribution-url = http://udn.lib.utah.edu/u?/corinne,5359
}}
Klingensmith, Philip (September 5, 1872), ditulis di Lincoln County, Nevada, Toohy, Dennis J., ed., "Mountain Meadows Massacre", Corinne Daily Reporter, Corinne, Utah (dipublikasikan tanggal September 24, 1872), 5 (252): 1  Parameter |contribution= akan diabaikan (bantuan)

Press release

Press release with quotation
{{Citation
| url = http://www.apple.com/pr/library/2010/04/05ipad.html
| title = Apple Sells Over 300,000 iPads First Day
| publisher = Apple Inc
| accessdate = April 10, 2010
| quote = in the US as of midnight Saturday, April 3
| ref = none}}
Apple Sells Over 300,000 iPads First Day, Apple Inc, diakses tanggal April 10, 2010, in the US as of midnight Saturday, April 3 

Citing patents

Parameters (all are optional)

{{Citation
| inventor-last =
| inventor-first =
| inventorlink =
| inventor2-last =
| inventor2-first =
| inventorlink2 =
| publication-date =
| issue-date =
| title =
| country-code =
| description =
| patent-number =
| ref =
}}
  • inventor-last (or inventor1-last): The inventor's surname or last name.
  • inventor-first (or inventor1-first): The inventor's first or given name(s).
  • inventorlink (or inventorlink1): Title of an existing Wikipedia article about the first inventor.
  • inventor2-last, inventor3-last, inventor4-last: The second, third, and fourth authors' surname or last name, if applicable.
  • inventor2-first, inventor3-first, inventor4-first: The second, third, and fourth inventors' first or given name(s), if applicable.
  • inventorlink2, inventorlink3, inventorlink4: Title of an existing Wikipedia article about the second, third, and fourth inventor, if applicable.
  • publication-date: Date of publication or filing.
  • issue-date (or date): Date patent was issued by patent agency.
  • title: Title of the patent. If the title includes [square brackets], these must be encoded as "&#91;" for "[" and "&#93;" for "]"
  • country-code: Two-letter abbreviation of the country issuing the patent.
  • description: Type of patent; shown between country code and number.
  • patent-number: The number of the patent.
  • ref: Anchor id.

Examples

United States patent with multiple inventors
{{Citation
| inventor1-last = Degermark
| inventor1-first = Mikael
| inventor2-last = Brodnik
| inventor2-first = Andrej
| inventor3-last = Carlsson
| inventor3-first = Svante
| inventor4-last = Pink
| inventor4-first = Stephen
| title = Fast routing lookup system
using complete prefix tree, bit vector,
and pointers in a routing table for
determining where to route IP datagrams
| issue-date = 2001
| patent-number = 6266706
| country-code = US}}
US 6266706, Degermark, Mikael; Andrej Brodnik & Svante Carlsson et al., "Fast routing lookup system using complete prefix tree, bit vector, and pointers in a routing table for determining where to route IP datagrams", issued 2001 

Anchored citations

This template can generate a citation that can be combined with shortened footnotes or parenthetical referencing. It does this by creating an HTML anchor containing an ID. The special parameter |ref=harv generates an ID suitable for Harvard referencing templates such as {{harv}} as specified in the next section; this is the default for the {{citation}} template. To disable anchor generation, specify |ref=none (in contrast, other Cite templates such as {{cite book}} and {{cite news}} do not create an anchor by default). You can also specify the ID directly, using the |ref=ID parameter. For example, suppose an article's References section contains the markup:

  • {{Citation |author=Sigmund Freud |title=Civilization and Its Discontents |year=1930 |ref=CivDis}}

which generates the citation:

  • Sigmund Freud (1930), Civilization and Its Discontents 

Then, the markup "([[#CivDis|Freud 1930]])" generates a parenthetical reference "(Freud 1930)" containing a wikilink to the citation (try clicking on the wikilink).

Anchors for Harvard referencing templates

IDs compatible with Harvard referencing templates such as {{harv}} are computed from the last names of the authors and the year of the cited source. For example, the markup "{{harv|Wright|Evans|1851|p=ix}}" generates the Harvard reference "(Wright & Evans 1851, hlm. ix)", which wikilinks to the citation whose markup and appearance are shown below:

  • {{Citation |last1=Wright |first1=Thomas |last2=Evans |first2=R. H. |title=Historical and Descriptive Account of the Caricatures of James Gillray |location=London |publisher=Henry G. Bohn |year=1851 |oclc=59510372}}
  • Wright, Thomas; Evans, R. H. (1851), Historical and Descriptive Account of the Caricatures of James Gillray, London: Henry G. Bohn, OCLC 59510372 

In this example the {{citation}} template defines, and the {{harv}} template uses, the HTML ID "CITEREFWrightEvans1851", composed by concatenating the string "CITEREF" with the last names of the authors and the year. The {{harvid}} template can be used to generate such IDs, for example, {{harvid|Wright|Evans|1851}} generates "CITEREFWrightEvans1851".

Related methods which leave only a number in the text are to use the {{harvnb}} template enclosed in the <ref></ref> html code, or to use the {{sfn}} template alone. The example above would be <ref>{{harvnb|Wright|Evans|1851|p=ix}}</ref> or {{sfn|Wright|Evans|1851|p=ix}} both of which generate a footnote, such as

17. Wright & Evans 1851, hlm. ix

The names of only the first four authors are used; other author names are not concatenated to the ID. If no author names are given, editor names are used instead. For patents, inventor names are used instead of authors or editors. If these names are not given, this template does not generate an anchor.

Last names are used, as specified by the parameters |last1= (or |last=), |last2=, |last3=, and |last4=, and similarly for |editor1-last= etc. and for |inventor1-last= etc. If a full name is given but no last name is specified, this template falls back on the full name, but this usage is not recommended. For example, in "{{Citation | author = Sigmund Freud | title = The Ego and the Id | year = 1923}}" no last name is given, so this citation cannot be combined with the Harvard reference "{{harv|Freud|1923}}". To make these {{citation}} and {{harv}} invocations compatible, either replace "|author=Sigmund Freud" with "|first=Sigmund |last=Freud", or add "|ref={{harvid|Freud|1923}}" to the {{citation}} invocation, or add the same ref parameter (say, "|ref=EgoId") to both the {{citation}} and the {{harv}} invocations.

Similarly, the year is used, as specified by |year=. If no year is given, this template attempts to derive the year from |date= (or, if no date is given, from |publication-date=) by applying the MediaWiki#time function. This heuristic works with many common date formats (American, International and ISO 8601 standard format YYYY-MM-DD as listed in WP:MOS), but may not work as expected with other formats, so when in doubt it may be safer to use |year=. Note that if only a year, say 2005, is known you must use |year=2005 rather than |date=2005.

IDs must be unique

Names, years, and hand-specified IDs must be chosen so that the IDs are unique within a page; otherwise the HTML will not conform to the W3C standards, and any references to the citations will not work reliably. For example, suppose a page contains the following two citations with {{harv}}-compatible IDs:

If these citations were altered to say "2008" rather than "2008a" and "2008b", the resulting page would not work, because the two different citations would both attempt to use the ID "CITEREFMontesHalterman2008". To avoid this problem, distinguish the citations by appending suffixes to the years, e.g., "|year=2008a" and "|year=2008b", as was done above. Any Harvard references to these citations should use years with the same suffixes.

It is good practice to verify that a page does not contain duplicate IDs by using the W3C Markup Validation Service; see External links.

Dates

  1. ^ The format of dates in the references of an article should use consistent and unambiguous styles. Example formats used in Wikipedia citations include: Dates should not be linked in references. Please see Wikipedia:Manual of Style (dates and numbers)#Dates for more guidance about formatting dates.

Tools

See Wikipedia:Citing sources#Citation templates and tools for a list of tools that can help create a reference in the "citation" format.

Template Data

Ini adalah dokumentasi TemplateData untuk templat yang menggunakan penyuntingan visual.

Citation


The Citation template generates a citation for a book, periodical, contribution in a collective work, patent, or a web page. It determines the citation type by examining which parameters are used.

Parameter templat

Templat ini lebih menyukai format parameter dalam satu baris.

ParameterKeteranganJenisStatus
author surnamelast

surname of the author of the cited material

Kataopsional
author given namefirst

given name (first name) of the author of the cited material

Kataopsional
title of sourcetitle

Title of source; displays in italics.

Kataopsional
date of sourcedate

Full date of source being referenced in the same format as other publication dates in the citations.[1] Do not wikilink. Displays after the authors and enclosed in parentheses. If there is no author, then displays after publisher.

Kataopsional
url of sourceurl

URL of an online location where the text of the publication can be found.

Kataopsional
11

Kataopsional
22

Kataopsional
33

Kataopsional
inventor-surnameinventor-surname

Kataopsional
inventor1-surnameinventor1-surname

Kataopsional
inventor-lastinventor-last

Kataopsional
inventor1-lastinventor1-last

Kataopsional
inventorinventor

Kataopsional
invent1invent1

Kataopsional
invent-1invent-1

Kataopsional
country-codecountry-code

Kataopsional
inventor2-surnameinventor2-surname

Kataopsional
inventor2-lastinventor2-last

Kataopsional
inventor2inventor2

Kataopsional
invent2invent2

Kataopsional
inventor3-surnameinventor3-surname

Kataopsional
inventor3-lastinventor3-last

Kataopsional
inventor3inventor3

Kataopsional
invent3invent3

Kataopsional
inventor4-surnameinventor4-surname

Kataopsional
inventor4-lastinventor4-last

Kataopsional
inventor4inventor4

Kataopsional
invent4invent4

Kataopsional
inventor-giveninventor-given

Kataopsional
inventor1-giveninventor1-given

Kataopsional
inventor-firstinventor-first

Kataopsional
inventor1-firstinventor1-first

Kataopsional
inventor2-giveninventor2-given

Kataopsional
inventor2-firstinventor2-first

Kataopsional
inventor3-giveninventor3-given

Kataopsional
inventor3-firstinventor3-first

Kataopsional
inventor4-giveninventor4-given

Kataopsional
inventor4-firstinventor4-first

Kataopsional
inventorlink1inventorlink1

Kataopsional
inventorlinkinventorlink

Kataopsional
inventorlink2inventorlink2

Kataopsional
inventorlink3inventorlink3

Kataopsional
inventorlink4inventorlink4

Kataopsional
countrycountry

Kataopsional
publication-numberpublication-number

Kataopsional
patent-numberpatent-number

Kataopsional
numbernumber

Kataopsional
descriptiondescription

Kataopsional
statusstatus

Kataopsional
publication-datepublication-date

Kataopsional
pubdatepubdate

Kataopsional
issue-dateissue-date

Kataopsional
gdategdate

Kataopsional
yearyear

Kataopsional
fdatefdate

Kataopsional
pridatepridate

Kataopsional
assign1assign1

Kataopsional
assign2assign2

Kataopsional
refref

Kataopsional
separatorseparator

Kataopsional
quotequote

Kataopsional
postscriptpostscript

Kataopsional
author-separatorauthor-separator

Kataopsional
author-maskauthor-mask

Kataopsional
authormaskauthormask

Kataopsional
surnamesurname

Kataopsional
last1last1

Kataopsional
surname1surname1

Kataopsional
author1author1

Kataopsional
authorauthor

Kataopsional
authorsauthors

Kataopsional
last2last2

Kataopsional
surname2surname2

Kataopsional
author2author2

Kataopsional
last3last3

Kataopsional
surname3surname3

Kataopsional
author3author3

Kataopsional
last4last4

Kataopsional
surname4surname4

Kataopsional
author4author4

Kataopsional
last5last5

Kataopsional
surname5surname5

Kataopsional
author5author5

Kataopsional
last6last6

Kataopsional
surname6surname6

Kataopsional
author6author6

Kataopsional
last7last7

Kataopsional
surname7surname7

Kataopsional
author7author7

Kataopsional
last8last8

Kataopsional
surname8surname8

Kataopsional
author8author8

Kataopsional
last9last9

Kataopsional
surname9surname9

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author9author9

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first1first1

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given1given1

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givengiven

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first2first2

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given2given2

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first3first3

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given3given3

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first4first4

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given4given4

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first5first5

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given5given5

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first6first6

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given6given6

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first7first7

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given7given7

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first8first8

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given8given8

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first9first9

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given9given9

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author-linkauthor-link

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author1-linkauthor1-link

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authorlinkauthorlink

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authorlink1authorlink1

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author2-linkauthor2-link

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authorlink2authorlink2

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author3-linkauthor3-link

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authorlink3authorlink3

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author4-linkauthor4-link

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authorlink4authorlink4

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author5-linkauthor5-link

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authorlink5authorlink5

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author6-linkauthor6-link

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authorlink6authorlink6

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author7-linkauthor7-link

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authorlink7authorlink7

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author8-linkauthor8-link

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authorlink8authorlink8

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author9-linkauthor9-link

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authorlink9authorlink9

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coauthorcoauthor

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coauthorscoauthors

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origyearorigyear

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monthmonth

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trans_chaptertrans_chapter

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archiveurlarchiveurl

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deadurldeadurl

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seriesseries

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versionversion

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journaljournal

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periodicalperiodical

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newspapernewspaper

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magazinemagazine

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workwork

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volumevolume

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issueissue

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pagespages

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pagepage

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atat

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noppnopp

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chapterchapter

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contributioncontribution

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chapter-urlchapter-url

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chapterurlchapterurl

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contribution-urlcontribution-url

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chapter-formatchapter-format

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othersothers

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editionedition

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placeplace

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locationlocation

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publication-placepublication-place

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publisherpublisher

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editor-lasteditor-last

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editor-surnameeditor-surname

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editor1-lasteditor1-last

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editor1-surnameeditor1-surname

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editor1editor1

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editoreditor

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editorseditors

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editor2-lasteditor2-last

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editor2-surnameeditor2-surname

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editor2editor2

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editor3-lasteditor3-last

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editor3-surnameeditor3-surname

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editor3editor3

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editor4-lasteditor4-last

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editor4-surnameeditor4-surname

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editor4editor4

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editor-firsteditor-first

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editor-giveneditor-given

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editor1-firsteditor1-first

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editor1-giveneditor1-given

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editor2-firsteditor2-first

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editor2-giveneditor2-given

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editor3-firsteditor3-first

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languagelanguage

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inin

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formatformat

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arxivarxiv

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asinasin

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ASINASIN

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asin-tldasin-tld

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bibcodebibcode

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doidoi

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DOIDOI

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doi_inactivedatedoi_inactivedate

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doi_brokendatedoi_brokendate

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isbnisbn

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ISBNISBN

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issnissn

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ISSNISSN

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jfmjfm

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JFMJFM

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jstorjstor

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JSTORJSTOR

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lccnlccn

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LCCNLCCN

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mrmr

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MRMR

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oclcoclc

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OCLCOCLC

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olol

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OLOL

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ostiosti

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OSTIOSTI

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pmcpmc

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PMCPMC

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pmidpmid

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PMIDPMID

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rfcrfc

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RFCRFC

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ssrnssrn

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SSRNSSRN

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zblzbl

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idid

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IDID

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access-dateaccess-date

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accessdateaccessdate

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laysummarylaysummary

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laysourcelaysource

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laydatelaydate

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author-name-separatorauthor-name-separator

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lastauthoramplastauthoramp

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display-authorsdisplay-authors

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archivedatearchivedate

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Translator-firsttranslator-first

tidak ada keterangan

Tak dikenalopsional
Translator-lasttranslator-last

tidak ada keterangan

Tak dikenalopsional
Translator2-firsttranslator2-first

tidak ada keterangan

Tak dikenalopsional
Translator2-lasttranslator2-last

tidak ada keterangan

Tak dikenalopsional

Templat ini menghasilkan metadata COinS; baca COinS di Wikipedia untuk informasi lebih lanjut.

Templat:Wikipedia referencing