Provinsi Kanchanaburi

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Kanchanaburi
กาญจนบุรี
Provinsi
Jembatan diatas Sungai Kwai
Jembatan diatas Sungai Kwai
Lambang resmi Kanchanaburi
Lambang
Map of Thailand highlighting Kanchanaburi Province
Map of Thailand highlighting Kanchanaburi Province
Negara  Thailand
Ibukota Kanchanaburi
Pemerintahan
 • Gubernur Roengsak Mahawinitchaimontri (sejak 2008)
Luas
 • Total 19.483 km2 (7.522 sq mi)
Peringkat luas ke-3
Penduduk (2014)
 • Total 848.198
 • Peringkat ke-26
 • KepadatanBad rounding here44/km2 (Bad rounding here110/sq mi)
 • Peringkat ke-76
HDI
 • HDI (2009) 0.733 (medium) (ke-40)
Zona waktu ICT (UTC+7)
Kode wilayah 034
ISO 3166 TH-71
Plat kendaraan กาญจนบุรี

Kanchanaburi (Thai: กาญจนบุรี (Pronunciation)) is the largest of the western provinces (changwat) of Thailand. The neighboring provinces are (clockwise, from the north) Tak, Uthai Thani, Suphan Buri, Nakhon Pathom, and Ratchaburi. In the west it borders Kayin State, Mon State, and the Tanintharyi Region of Myanmar.

Tourists are attracted by the history of its ancient civilization and the World War II Bridge over the River Khai (also spelt "Khwae").

Geography[sunting | sunting sumber]

The province is in the west of Thailand, 129 km from Bangkok, and covers a total area of approximately 19,483 km². It is the country's third largest province, after Nakhon Ratchasima and Chiang Mai. Topographically, it is covered with timber and evergreen forests. The district covers the source valleys of the rivers Kwae Yai and Kwae Noi ("River Kwai"), which merge at Kanchanaburi city to form the Mae Klong River.

Bong Ti is a transnational border crossing point, which is expected to gain in importance if the planned Dawei deepwater port project goes ahead, along with a highway and a railway line between Bangkok and the port.[1]

Several national parks are in the mountainous forest areas of the Tenasserim Hills of the province: the Erawan, Sai Yok, Khao Laem, Thong Pha Phum, Khuean Srinagarindra, and Chaloem Rattanakosin National Parks. The Thungyai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary is on the UNESCO world heritage list.

Climate[sunting | sunting sumber]

Data iklim Kanchanaburi (1981–2010)
Bulan Jan Feb Mar Apr Mei Jun Jul Agt Sep Okt Nov Des Tahun
Rata-rata tertinggi °C (°F) 33.0
(91.4)
35.6
(96.1)
37.3
(99.1)
38.2
(100.8)
35.9
(96.6)
34.5
(94.1)
33.9
(93)
33.6
(92.5)
33.6
(92.5)
32.2
(90)
31.6
(88.9)
31.3
(88.3)
34.23
(93.61)
Rata-rata terendah °C (°F) 19.9
(67.8)
22.1
(71.8)
24.2
(75.6)
25.9
(78.6)
25.8
(78.4)
25.5
(77.9)
24.9
(76.8)
24.9
(76.8)
24.6
(76.3)
23.9
(75)
22.2
(72)
19.6
(67.3)
23.63
(74.52)
Curah hujan mm (inci) 3.3
(0.13)
18.2
(0.717)
29.0
(1.142)
78.5
(3.091)
145.3
(5.72)
86.4
(3.402)
102.9
(4.051)
98.3
(3.87)
220.5
(8.681)
209.2
(8.236)
58.6
(2.307)
6.2
(0.244)
1.056,4
(41,591)
Rata-rata hari hujan (≥ 1 mm) 1 2 3 6 14 14 16 16 18 15 6 2 113
% kelembapan 64 62 61 63 71 72 73 74 77 80 73 66 69.7
Sumber: Thai Meteorological Department (Normal 1981-2010), (Avg. rainy days 1961-1990)

Symbols[sunting | sunting sumber]

The seal of the province shows the three stupas located on Bantadthong Mountain. They give the name to the mountain pass to Myanmar, called "Three Pagodas Pass".[2]

The provincial flower is the Night-flowering Jasmine (Nyctanthes arbortristis). The provincial tree is the Moulmein lancewood (Homalium tomentosum).

The provincial slogan is "A province of ancient community, three pagodas pass, precious stones, River Kwae Bridge, minerals and waterfall resources".

Pembagian administratif[sunting | sunting sumber]

Map of Amphoe

Kanchanaburi terbagi kedalam 13 distrik (amphoe), 98 komunitas (tambon) dan 887 desa(muban).

  1. Mueang Kanchanaburi
  2. Sai Yok
  3. Bo Phloi
  4. Si Sawat
  5. Tha Maka
  6. Tha Muang
  7. Thong Pha Phum
  1. Sangkhla Buri
  2. Phanom Thuan
  3. Lao Khwan
  4. Dan Makham Tia
  5. Nong Prue
  6. Huai Krachao

Mining[sunting | sunting sumber]

In 1918, alluvial sapphire deposits were discovered near Bo Ploi. It was a major source of sapphires in the 1980s and 1990s.[3][4][5]

Kanchanaburi Province is the site of "Klity Creek", a waterway heavily polluted by the practices of the Lead Concentrate Company. The company was ordered by a Thai court to clean up its environmental damage in 2013. To date (2016) the court ordered clean-up has been halting and ineffectual.[6]

Medical health care[sunting | sunting sumber]

In town there is the Kanchanaburi Memorial Hospital and lots of clinics and pharmacies.

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Table A1-1-1a. Prospective projects in Mekong sub-region
  2. ^ Seals of The Provinces of Thailand
  3. ^ "Rattanachart Mining Company". Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal November 13, 2011. Diakses tanggal 21 Sep 2012. 
  4. ^ "Bo Phloi Sapphire". Diakses tanggal 21 Sep 2012. 
  5. ^ "Sapphires from Thailand". Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal September 2, 2012. Diakses tanggal 21 Sep 2012. 
  6. ^ "Thailand: Clean Up Klity Creek". Human Rights Watch. Diakses tanggal 11 February 2016. 

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Koordinat: 14°0′15″LU 99°32′57″BT / 14,00417°LU 99,54917°BT / 14.00417; 99.54917