Piper

Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas
Piper
Piper magnificum
Klasifikasi ilmiah
Kerajaan:
(tanpa takson):
(tanpa takson):
(tanpa takson):
Ordo:
Famili:
Subfamili:
Genus:
Piper

Spesies

Lihat teks

Sinonim
  • Anderssoniopiper Trel.
  • Arctottonia Trel.
  • Artanthe Miq.
  • Chavica Miq.
  • Discipiper Trel. & Stehlé
  • Lepianthes Raf.
  • Lindeniopiper Trel.
  • Macropiper Miq.
  • Ottonia Spreng.
  • Pleiostachyopiper Trel.
  • Pleistachyopiper Trel.
  • Pothomorphe Miq.
  • Trianaeopiper Trel.

piper merupakan sebuah genus tanaman dari famili Piperaceae (Suku sirih-sirihan). Genus ini berisi sekitar 1000-2000 spesies tanaman semak, herba, maupun Liana. Banyak diantaranya yang merupakan spesies dominan di habitat aslinya.

Nama genus tanaman ini berasal dari sebuah kata dalam bahasa Sansekerta yakni Pippali (Piper longum).

Kegunaan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Anggota spesies dari genus tanaman ini biasa digunakan sebagai bahan tambahan pada sebagian masakan[1][2][3][4][5][6], bahan untuk pengobatan beberapa macam penyakit[7][8], dan sains[9][10][11][12][13][14][15]

Daftar spesies[sunting | sunting sumber]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Chester F. Gorman (1969). "Hoabinhian: a pebble tool complex with early plant associations in Southeast Asia". Science. 163 (3868): 671–673. Bibcode:1969Sci...163..671G. doi:10.1126/science.163.3868.671. PMID 17742735. 
  2. ^ Chester F. Gorman (1971). "The Hoabinhian and after: subsistence patterns in Southeast Asia during the Late Pleistocene and Early Recent periods". World Archaeology. 2 (3): 300–320. doi:10.1080/00438243.1971.9979482. JSTOR 124120. 
  3. ^ Apicius: Cookery and Dining in Imperial Rome. Project Gutenburg. 2009-08-19. Diakses tanggal December 9, 2018. 
  4. ^ John Parkinson (1640). Theatrum Botanicum: the Theater of Plants. London: T. Cotes. 
  5. ^ Charmaine Solomon (1998). "Cha plu". Encyclopedia of Asian Food. Periplus Editions. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2008-06-15. Diakses tanggal 2023-03-15. 
  6. ^ "Tropical root crops". Earthcare. 2008. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 19 July 2008. Diakses tanggal 15 July 2008. 
  7. ^ L. Sorrentino; A. Capasso; M. Schmidt (2006). "Safety of ethanolic kava extract: results of a study of chronic toxicity in rats". Phytomedicine. 13 (8): 542–549. doi:10.1016/j.phymed.2006.01.006. PMID 16904878. 
  8. ^ Steven T. S. Lim; Klaus Dragull; Chung-Shih Tang; Harry C. Bittenbender; Jimmy T. Efird; Pratibha V. Nerurkar (2007). "Effects of kava alkaloid, pipermethystine, and kavalactones on oxidative stress and cytochrome P450 in F-344 rats". Toxicological Sciences. 97 (1): 214–221. doi:10.1093/toxsci/kfm035alt=Dapat diakses gratis. PMID 17329236. 
  9. ^ L. A. Dyer; A. N. Palmer (2004). Piper: a Model Genus for Studies of Evolution, Chemical Ecology, and Trophic Interactions (PDF). Boston, MA: Kluwer Academic Publishers. ISBN 978-0-306-48498-8. 
  10. ^ Sen, Sandeep; Dayanandan, Selvadurai; Davis, Thomson; Ganesan, Rengaian; Jagadish, M.R.; Mathew, P.J.; Ravikanth, Gudasalamani (September 2019). "Origin and evolution of the genus Piper in Peninsular India" (PDF). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 138: 102–113. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2019.05.033. ISSN 1055-7903. PMID 31132521. 
  11. ^ Khan, IA.; et al. (2006). "Piperine, a Phytochemical Potentiator of Ciprofloxacin against Staphylococcus aureus". Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 50 (2): 810–812. doi:10.1128/aac.50.2.810-812.2006. PMC 1366922alt=Dapat diakses gratis. PMID 16436753. 
  12. ^ Kumar, A.; et al. (2008). "Novel structural analogues of piperine as inhibitors of the NorA efflux pump of Staphylococcus aureus". Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. 61 (6): 1270–1276. doi:10.1093/jac/dkn088alt=Dapat diakses gratis. PMID 18334493. 
  13. ^ Dwivedi, D.; et al. (2016). "Effects of the natural compounds embelin and piperine on the biofilm-producing property of Streptococcus mutans". Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine. 6 (1): 57–61. doi:10.1016/j.jtcme.2014.11.025. PMC 4738039alt=Dapat diakses gratis. PMID 26870681. 
  14. ^ Tharmalingam, N.; Kim, SH.; Park, M. (2014). "Inhibitory effect of piperine on Helicobacter pylori growth and adhesion to gastric adenocarcinoma cells". Infectious Agents and Cancer. 16 (9): 43. doi:10.1186/1750-9378-9-43. PMC 4290101alt=Dapat diakses gratis. PMID 25584066. 
  15. ^ Tharmalingam, N.; Park, M.; LEE, M.H (2016). "Piperine treatment suppresses Helicobacter pylori toxin entry in to gastric epithelium and minimizes β-catenin mediated oncogenesis and IL-8 secretion in vitro". American Journal of Translational Research. 15 (8): 885–98. PMC 4846933alt=Dapat diakses gratis. PMID 27158376.