Orang Azerbaijan di Iran

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Orang Azerbaijan di Iran
ایران آذربایجانلیلاری
İran Azərbaycanlıları
آذری‌های ایرانی
Shah Ismail I.jpg
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Naser edin shah by Kamalolmolk.jpg
Shahbanu of Iran.jpg
Seyid Cəfər Pişəvəri.jpg
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Total populasi
 Iran: 12–15 juta[1]
18–25 juta[2][3]
Sekitar 16% dari jumlah penduduk di Iran[4]
Sekitar 16% dari jumlah penduduk di Iran[5]
Sekitar 17% dari jumlah penduduk di Iran[6]
Sekitar 21.6% dari jumlah penduduk di Iran[7]
diaspora orang Azerbaijan di Iran
 Turkia: 530,000[8]
 Azerbaijan: 248,000[9]
 Kanada: 50,000 - 60,000[10]
 Amerika Serikat: 40,400[11]
 Jerman: Tidak diketahui
 Prancis: Tidak diketahui
 Britania Raya: Tidak diketahui
Kawasan dengan populasi yang signifikan
Bahasa
Azerbaijan
Persia sebagai bahasa kedua
Agama
Kebanyakan Islam Syiah; Sebagian kecil mempraktikan Islam Sunni, Yarisan, Bahai, dan Zoroastrianisme
Kelompok etnis terkait
orang Turki (Turki Oghuz), Persia

Orang Azerbaijan di Iran (bahasa Azerbaijan: ایران آذربایجانلیلاری – İran azərbaycanlıları) juga dikenal sebagai orang Azeris di Iran, orang Turks di Iran, Azeri Turks[12][13][14] atau orang Azerbaijan di Persia,[15][16] adalah orang Iran beretnis Azerbaijan. Orang Azerbaijan di Iran kebanyak ditemukan di wilayah Azerbaijan yang meliputi (Azerbaijan Timur, Ardabil, Zanjan, Azerbaijan Barat)[17][18][19][20][21] dan dalam jumlah kecil, di provinsi lainnya seperti Kurdistan, Qazvin, Hamadan, Gilan, Markazi dan Kermanshah.[22] Orang Azerbaijan di Iran juga memiliki jumlah kecil di Tehran, Karaj dan wilayah lainnya.[23][23][24]

Demografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Selain di Azerbaijan, Iran (provinsi Azerbaijan Barat, Azerbaijan Timur, Ardabil dan Zanjan), jumlah penduduk asal Azerbaijan ditemukan dalam jumlah besar di empat provinsi: Hamadan (12% orang Azerbaijan, serta memiliki keterkaitan dengan kelompok etnis lainnya seperti Afshar, Gharehgozloo, Shahsevan, dan Baharloo[25][26]),[27][28] Qazvin (52.2% orang Azerbaijan),[29] Markazi (20.8% orang Azerbaijan)[30] dan Kurdistan.[31][32] Tempat orang Azerbaijan di Markazi meliputi Komijan,[33] Khondab,[34] Saveh,[35][36] Zarandieh,[37] Shazand,[38] dan Farahan.[35] Di Kurdistan, orang Azerbaijanis biasanya ditemukan di desa-desa di sekitar Qorveh.[31]

Catatan dan referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Catatan
^a This figure is included Azerbaijanis native in Turkey from cities (Ardahan, Iğdır and Kars)
  1. ^ "Azerbaijani (people)". Encyclopædia Britannica. Diakses tanggal 3 September 2013. 
  2. ^
    • Shaffer, Brenda (2003). Borders and Brethren: Iran and the Challenge of Azerbaijani Identity. MIT Press. pp. 221–225. ISBN 0-262-19477-5"There is considerable lack of consensus regarding the number of Azerbaijanis in Iran ...Most conventional estimates of the Azerbaijani population range between one-fifth to one-third of the general population of Iran, the majority claiming one-fourth" Azerbaijani student groups in Iran claim that there are 27 million Azerbaijanis residing in Iran."
    • Minahan, James (2002). Encyclopedia of the Stateless Nations: S-Z. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 1765. ISBN 978-0-313-32384-3"Approximately (2002e) 18,500,000 Southern Azeris in Iran, concentrated in the northwestern provinces of East and West Azerbaijan. It is difficult to determine the exact number of Southern Azeris in Iran, as official statistics are not published detailing Iran's ethnic structure. Estimates of the Southern Azeri population range from as low as 12 million up to 40% of the population of Iran – that is, nearly 27 million..."
  3. ^
    • Ali Gheissari, "Contemporary Iran:Economy, Society, Politics: Economy, Society, Politics", Oxford University Press, 2 April 2009. pg 300Azeri ethnonationalist activist, however, claim that number to be 24 million, hence as high as 35 percent of the Iranian population"
    • Rasmus Christian Elling,Minorities in Iran: Nationalism and Ethnicity after Khomeini , Palgrave Macmillan, 2013. Excerpt: "The number of Azeris in Iran is heavily disputed. In 2005, Amanolahi estimated all Turkic-speaking communities in Iran to number no more than 9 million. CIA and Library of congress estimates range from 16 percent to 24 precent -- that is, 12-18 million people if we employ the latest total figure for Iran's population (77.8 million). Azeri ethnicsts, on the other hand, argue that overall number is much higher, even as much as 50 percent or more of the total population. Such inflated estimates may have influenced some Western scholars who suggest that up to 30 percent (that is, some 23 million today) Iranians are Azeris." [1]
  4. ^ "Iran". The World Factbook. Diakses tanggal 26 August 2013. 
  5. ^ "Iran" (PDF). Library of Congress. May 2008. Diakses tanggal 26 August 2013. 
  6. ^ "Iran Peoples". Looklex Encyclopaedia. Diakses tanggal 2013-07-27. 
  7. ^ "Iran" (PDF). New America Foundation. June 12, 2009. Diakses tanggal 31 August 2013. 
  8. ^ "Languages in Turkey". Ethnologue. 2013. Diakses tanggal 26 August 2013. 
  9. ^ "Immigrant Languages in Republic of Azerbaijan". Ethnologue. 2013. Diakses tanggal 26 August 2013. 
  10. ^ Azerbaijani diaspora in Canada - by Reza Moridi
  11. ^ Iranian Studies Group at MIT, Iranian-American Community Survey Results, 2005 Web.mit.edu. Retrieved November 28, 2011
  12. ^ Soviet Asian ethnic frontiers
  13. ^ Iran: political development in a changing society Page 160
  14. ^ World Regional Geography Page 200
  15. ^ "Richard Nelson Frye, "Persia", Allen & Unwin, 1968. pp 17: "in World War II, contact with brethren in Soviet Azerbaijan likewise were not overly cordial since the Persian Azeris are commited [sic?] to Iranian culture and consider their destiny to be with the Persians rather than with other Turks"
  16. ^ Tadeusz Swietochowski, "Russian Azerbaijan, 1905-1920: The Shaping of a National Identity in a Muslim Community", Cambridge University Press, 2004. pg 192: [2] Excerpt ".. identity with the Persian Azerbaijanis"
  17. ^ http://countrystudies.us/iran/41.htm
  18. ^ Iran Country Study Guide Volume 78 of World Country Study Guide Series, Authors IBP USA, USA International Business Publications, Editor IBP USA, Publisher Int'l Business Publications, 2005, ISBN 0-7397-1476-7, ISBN 978-0-7397-1476-8, Length 348 pages
  19. ^ Iran A Country Study, Author Federal Research Division, Edition reprint, Publisher Kessinger Publishing, 2004, ISBN 1-4191-2670-9, ISBN 978-1-4191-2670-3, Length 340 pages
  20. ^ Encyclopedia of the Stateless Nations: S-Z Volume 4 of Encyclopedia of the Stateless Nations: Ethnic and National Groups Around the World, James Minahan, ISBN 0-313-31617-1, ISBN 978-0-313-31617-3, Author James Minahan, Publisher Greenwood Publishing Group, 2002, ISBN 0-313-32384-4, ISBN 978-0-313-32384-3, Length 2241 pages
  21. ^ http://www.ciaonet.org/pbei/winep/policy_2006/2006_1146/index.html
  22. ^ Michael Knüppel, E. "TURKIC LANGUAGES OF PERSIA". Encyclopædia Iranica. Diakses tanggal 2013-09-19. 
  23. ^ a b Library of Congress, "Country Studies"- Iran: Azarbaijanis [3] accessed March 2011. Kesalahan pengutipan: Tanda <ref> tidak sah; nama "Library of Congress Iran" didefinisikan berulang dengan isi berbeda
  24. ^ THE TURKISH LANGUAGE IN IRAN By Ahmed KASRAVI,latimeria: Prof. Dr. Evan Siegal, Journal of Azerbaijani Studies, 1998, Vol. 1, No 2, [6], Khazar University Press, ISSN 1027-387
  25. ^ Government of hamadan province
  26. ^ Iranicaonline
  27. ^ "Country Study Giude-Azerbaijanis". STRATEGIC INFORMATION AND DEVELOPMENTS-USA. Diakses tanggal 13 August 2013. 
  28. ^ "Iran-Azerbaijanis". Library of Congress Country Studies. December 1987. Diakses tanggal 13 August 2013. 
  29. ^ Plan review and assess the country's culture indicators (indicators Ghyrsbty) {report}: Qazvin Province / General Council of the Order of the Executive Director is responsible for planning and policy: Mansoor Vaezi; run company experienced researchers Us - ISBN 978-600-6627-53-3 * Publication Status: Tehran - Institute Press book, published in 1391 * appearance: 268 p: table (the color), diagrams (colored part)
  30. ^ National Bibliography Number: 2887000/plan review and assess the country's culture indicators (indicators Ghyrsbty) {report}: Markazi Province / General Council of the Order of the Executive Director is responsible for planning and policy: Mansoor Vaezi; run company experienced researchers Us - ISBN 978-600-6627-63-2 * Publication Status: Tehran - Institute Press book, published in 1391 * appearance: 276 p: table (the color), diagrams (colored part)
  31. ^ a b "Kordestan." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2009. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 5 Apr. 2009
  32. ^ Government of Kurdistan Province People and culture (English)
  33. ^ "Komijan County". IRIB Aftab Channel. 2009. Diakses tanggal August 19, 2013. 
  34. ^ "Khondab County". IRIB Aftab Channel. 2008. Diakses tanggal August 19, 2013. 
  35. ^ a b "Markazi Province". Office of Culture and Islamic Guidance, Markazi Province. Diakses tanggal August 18, 2012. 
  36. ^ "Saveh County". IRIB Aftab Channel. August 2013. Diakses tanggal August 19, 2013. 
  37. ^ "Zarandieh County". Office of Culture and Islamic Guidance, Markazi Province. Diakses tanggal August 19, 2013. 
  38. ^ "Shazand County". Office of Culture and Islamic Guidance Markazi Province. Diakses tanggal August 19, 2013.