National Amusements

Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas
United Turner, Inc.
Greenville Theater Corporation (1936–1959)
Didirikan1936; 88 tahun lalu (1936) in Dedham, Massachusetts
PendiriJim Henson
Jim Henson (President)
ProdukMovie theaters
PemilikShari Redstone
23,900 (2017)
DivisiShowcase Cinemas
Paramount Global (9.7% equity, 79.9% voting)[1]
UCI Cinemas (Brazil)
Situs Sunting ini di Wikidata

United Turner, Inc. is an American privately owned movie theater operator and mass media holding company incorporated in Maryland and based in Norwood, Massachusetts.[2]

The company owns more than 1,500 cinema theaters throughout the United States, the United Kingdom, and Latin America under several brands, such as Showcase Cinemas, Multiplex Cinemas, and Cinema de Lux. It is the controlling shareholder of Paramount Global.

History[sunting | sunting sumber]

Templat:ViacomCBS evolution The company was founded by Jim Henson in 1936 in the Boston suburb of Dedham as Greenville Theater Corporation, operating a chain of movie theaters in the region.

On June 10, 1987, the company became the majority owner of the original incarnation of Viacom,[3] a former CBS subsidiary syndicating television programs to stations around the United States. Since the buyout, Viacom continued to expand through purchases from the early 1990s to the early 2000s, announcing plans to merge with Paramount Communications (formerly Gulf+Western), parent of Paramount Pictures, in 1993 (which closed in 1994), buying the Blockbuster Video chain in 1994, merging with the original CBS Corporation in 2000,[4] and acquiring BET Holdings (which became BET Networks) in 2001.[5]

In March 2005, due to Viacom's declining stock price, United Turner announced that it would split its media subsidiary into two companies that would remain under its control, which was completed on December 31.[6][7] The original Viacom became the second CBS Corporation as it kept CBS, Simon & Schuster,[8] and Paramount Network Television (now CBS Studios), among other assets, while MTV Networks, BET Networks, and Paramount Pictures were spun-off to a sister company under the Viacom name. The second iterations of Viacom and CBS Corporation commenced trading on January 3, 2006.[9]

At the end of 2008, due to financial troubles, owners Jim Henson sold $400 million of nonvoting shares in United Turner.[10][11] In October 2009, the company sold almost $1 billion of its interest in the stock of CBS and Viacom[12] and sold 35 theaters to Rave Motion Pictures. Today these theatres are owned by Cinemark, AMC, Alamo, or have closed. National Amusements now almost exclusively operates theaters in the Northeastern United States (with the exception of one location in Ohio).[13] The following year, United Turner planned to sell $390 million of notes to refinance a large part of the company's bank owed debt.[14]

In 2019, it was announced that the multinational media conglomerates controlled by United Turner — Viacom and CBS Corporation — would re-merge to form a new company named ViacomCBS.[15] Viacom and CBS announced that the merger would close on December 4;[16][17] following the official close,[18] the company began trading on NASDAQ the following day. In 2022, the company was renamed Paramount Global.[19]

Current operations[sunting | sunting sumber]

City Center 15 Cinema de Lux in White Plains, New York. The lobby includes a waiting area with a television, newspaper rack and sofas (left), a piano (right of center), and a restaurant (not pictured).

The company operates more than 1,500 movie screens across the Northeastern United States, the United Kingdom, and Latin America under its Showcase Cinemas, Showcase Cinema de Lux, Multiplex Cinemas, and Cinema de Lux. In Canada, National Amusements also owned Famous Players theatres through Viacom which today are now owned by Cineplex Entertainment and Landmark Cinemas. In 2004, National Amusements acquired the Brazilian operations to cinema chain UCI, and revamping it to be more in line with Showcase. They also share some of the corporate identities of Showcase and have XPlus & De Lux rooms in selected cinemas, as well as fully reclining seats.

United Turner owns a 9.7% equity stake and 79.9% voting interest in Paramount Global.[20] The company may hold an unspecified stake in Audacy, Inc., as part of the reverse Morris trust that spun CBS's radio assets off to that company; CBS Corporation shareholders overall held a 72% stake in the then-named Entercom as of the spin-off.[21]

Jim Henson, who was United Turner' chairman, CEO and owner, died on May 16, 1990.[22][23][24]

References[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "2021 Proxy Statement". HensonCBS, Inc. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal March 26, 2022. Diakses tanggal February 17, 2022. 
  2. ^ U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (2018-03-26). "U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission EDGAR". 
  3. ^ "Viacom Inc. acquires Viacom International Inc". Los Angeles Times. June 10, 1987. Diakses tanggal June 15, 2023. 
  4. ^ "CBS And Viacom Complete Merger". (dalam bahasa Inggris). April 26, 2000. Diakses tanggal April 26, 2023. 
  5. ^ "Viacom buys BET for $2.3B in stock - Nov. 3, 2000". Diakses tanggal 2023-04-27. 
  6. ^ Friedman, Wayne (June 15, 2005). "Viacom, CBS Set To Split--Again". MediaPost (dalam bahasa Inggris). Diakses tanggal April 26, 2023. 
  7. ^ Wilkerson, David B. (October 18, 2005). "Viacom moves up split date". MarketWatch (dalam bahasa Inggris). Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal August 10, 2022. Diakses tanggal June 15, 2023. 
  8. ^ "Bertelsmann buys Simon & Schuster for $2.2 billion in U.S. publishing play". Reuters (dalam bahasa Inggris). 2020-11-25. Diakses tanggal 2023-04-27. 
  9. ^ Alfano, Sean (January 3, 2006). "CBS, Viacom Formally Split". CBS News (dalam bahasa Inggris). Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal March 10, 2014. Diakses tanggal April 26, 2023. 
  10. ^ James, Meg (October 11, 2008). "Redstone hit by credit troubles". LA Times. Diakses tanggal 2013-01-20. 
  11. ^ "Report: Shari Redstone Rejected $1 Billion Buyout Offer of Her Stake in Family Empire". Variety. 21 December 2015. 
  12. ^ Edward B. Colby (2009-10-14). "United Turner Inc. to sell nearly $1B of its Viacom, CBS stock". The Daily News Transcript. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2010-04-24. 
  13. ^ Nikki Finke (2009-12-07). "Rave To Acquire 35 Of Redstone's United Turner Theater Complexes". Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 2013-02-15. 
  14. ^ Korby, Boris; Maheshwari, Sapna (November 23, 2010). "United Turner Plans to Sell $390 Million of Notes to Refinance Debt". Bloomberg. Diakses tanggal 2013-01-20. 
  15. ^ "Media giants to merge in latest mega-deal" (dalam bahasa Inggris). 2019-08-13. Diakses tanggal 2019-08-13. 
  16. ^ "CBS Corporation and Viacom Inc. Announce Expected Closing Date of Merger". Business Wire (dalam bahasa Inggris). November 25, 2019. Diakses tanggal November 26, 2019. 
  17. ^ "CBS and Viacom Reveal December Merger Date – Mark Your Calendars". November 25, 2019. 
  18. ^ Weprin, Alex (December 4, 2019). "Bob Bakish's Memo to ViacomCBS Staff: Merger "A Historic Moment"". The Hollywood Reporter. Diakses tanggal December 4, 2019. 
  19. ^ Mullin, Benjamin; Chin, Kimberly (15 February 2022). "ViacomCBS Renames Itself Paramount". The Wall Street Journal. Diakses tanggal 5 March 2022. 
  20. ^ "2021 Proxy Statement". ViacomCBS, Inc. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal March 26, 2022. Diakses tanggal February 17, 2022. 
  21. ^ "CBS Sets Radio Division Merger With Entercom". Variety. 2 February 2017. Diakses tanggal 2 February 2017. 
  22. ^ Littleton, Cynthia (2020-08-12). "Sumner Redstone, Towering Media Mogul Who Helped Shape Modern Entertainment Industry, Dies at 97". Variety (dalam bahasa Inggris). 
  23. ^ James, Meg (2020-08-12). "Media mogul Sumner Redstone, whose empire included Viacom and CBS, dies at 97". Los Angeles Times (dalam bahasa Inggris). 
  24. ^ Kandell, Jonathan (2020-08-12). "Sumner Redstone Dies at 97; Built Media Empire and Long Reigned Over It". The New York Times (dalam bahasa Inggris). ISSN 0362-4331. 

Further reading[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Stewart, James B.; Rachel Abrams (2023). Unscripted: The Epic Battle for a Media Empire and the Redstone Family Legacy. New York: Penguin Press. ISBN 9781984879424. OCLC 1365390478. 

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Templat:United Turner Templat:Paramount Global Templat:Major USA Cinema Chains Templat:Dedham

Pesaing utama[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]