Lockheed P-38 Lightning

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P-38 Lightning
Lockheed P-38 Lightning USAF.JPG
Pesawat Lockheed P-38J Lightning "Yippee"
TipePesawat tempur
Pesawat tempur pengebom
ProdusenLockheed Corporation
PerancangClarence "Kelly" Johnson
Terbang perdana27 Januari 1939
DiperkenalkanJuli 1941
Dipensiunkan1949 (United States Air Force) 1965 (Honduran Air Force)
Pengguna utamaUnited States Army Air Force
Free French Air Force
Tahun produksi1941-45
Jumlah produksi10,037
Harga satuanUS$97,147 pada tahun 1944

Lockheed P-38 Lightning adalah sebuah pesawat tempur berkursi tunggal dan bermesin ganda buatan Amerika Serikat yang dirancang oleh Clarence "Kelly" Johnson pada akhir tahun 1930-an dan digunakan selama Perang Dunia II. Selain bertugas sebagai pesawat tempur umum, P-38 Lightning juga sangat efektif difungsikan sebagai pesawat tempur pengebom, pesawat tempur malam, dan sebagai pengawal pembom jarak jauh ketika dilengkapi dengan tangki bahan bakar tambahan.

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

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