Krisipos

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Krisipos dari Soli
Salinan Romawi dari sebuah patung dada Helenistik dari
Krisipos (British Museum)
Lahirkr. 279 SM
Soli, Kilikia
Meninggals. 206 SM (usia 73)
Athena
Kematian akibat tertawa
EraFilsafat kuno
AliranStoikisme
Minat utama
Gagasan penting

Krisipos dari Soli (/krˈsɪpəs, krɪ-/;[3] Yunani: Χρύσιππος ὁ Σολεύς, Chrysippos ho Soleus; kr. 279 – c. 206 SM[4]) adalah seorang filsuf Stoik Yunani. Ia berasal dari Soli, Kilikia, namun pindah ke Athena pada masa muda, dimana ia menjadi murid Klenates dalam mazhab Stoik. Saat Kleantes menjemput ajal pada sekitar tahun 230 SM, Krisipos menjadi kepala ketiga dari mazhab tersebut. Sebagai penulis menonjol, Krisipos meluaskan doktrin-doktrin fundamental dari Zeno dari Citium, pendiri mazhab tersebut, yang memberikannya gelar Pendiri Stoikisme Kedua.[5]

Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ John Sellars, Stoicism, Routledge, 2014, pp. 84–85: "[Stoics] have often been presented as the first nominalists, rejecting the existence of universal concepts altogether. ... For Chrysippus there are no universal entities, whether they be conceived as substantial Platonic Forms or in some other manner.".
  2. ^ Chrysippus – Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
  3. ^ "Chrysippus". Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary.
  4. ^ He died according to Apollodorus of Athens (ap. Diogenes Laërtius, vii. 184) at the age of 73 during the 143rd Olympiad (208–204 BC). Thus his date of birth is placed between 281 and 277. The statements in Pseudo-Lucian (Macr. 20) that he died aged 81, and Valerius Maximus that he was still writing at the age of 80 (Val. Max. viii. 7) are considered less credible. Cf. Dorandi 1999, hlm. 40
  5. ^ Dorandi 1999, hlm. 40

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Bacaan tambahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Bobzien, Susanne (1998), Determinism and Freedom in Stoic Philosophy, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-199-24767-6 
  • Susanne Bobzien, (1999), Chrysippus' Theory of Causes. In K. Ierodiakonou (ed.), Topics in Stoic Philosophy, Oxford: OUP, 196-242. ISBN 0-19924-880-X
  • Émile Bréhier, (1951), Chrysippe et l'ancien stoicisme. Paris. ISBN 2-903925-06-2
  • Richard Dufour, (2004), Chrysippe. Oeuvre philosophique. Textes traduits et commentés par Richard Dufour, Paris: Les Belles Lettres, 2 volumes (logic and physics), ISBN 2-251-74203-4
  • D. E. Hahm, Chrysippus' solution to the Democritean dilemma of the cone, Isis 63 (217) (1972), 205–220.
  • H. A. Ide, Chrysippus's response to Diodorus's Master Argument, History and Philosophy Logic 13 (2) (1992), 133–148.
  • Christoph Jedan (2009) Stoic Virtues: Chrysippus and the Theological Foundations of Stoic Ethics. Continuum Studies in Ancient Philosophy. ISBN 1-4411-1252-9
  • Teun L. Tieleman (1996) Galen and Chrysippus on the Soul: Argument and Refutation in the "De Placitis" Books II–III. Philosophia Antiqua. Brill. ISBN 90-04-10520-4
  • Teun L. Tieleman (2003) Chrysippus' "on Affections": Reconstruction and Interpretation. Philosophia Antiqua. Brill. ISBN 90-04-12998-7

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Didahului oleh:
Kleantes
Pemimpin mazhab Stoik
230–206 SM
Diteruskan oleh:
Zeno dari Tarsus