Konkresi (geologi)

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Konkresi-Konkresi bongkah yang terlapukkan dari Batugamping berumur kenozoikum, california, Amerika Serikat.
Konkresi di bagian barat Kazakhstan

Konkresi adalah massa kompak yang keras, terbentuk dari presipitasi semen mineral di dalam rongga-rongga partikel, dan ditemukan di batuan sedimen atau tanah. Konkresi berbentuk seperti telur ataupun bulat, namun bentuk-bentuk iregular juga sering terjadi. Istilah 'konkresi' berasal dari bahasa latin Con yang artinya 'bersama' dan crescere yang artinya 'tumbuh'. Konkresi-konkresi terbentuk di perlapisan strata sedimen yang telah terendapkan terlebih dahulu. Mereka biasanya terbentuk lebih awal ketika terjadi penumpukkan sedimen, sebelum kemudian sedimen tersebut mengeras menjadi batuan. Semen konkresi ini sering menyebabkan konkresi lebih keras dan lebih tahan terhadap pelapukan dibanding perlapisan induknya.

Ada perbedaan penting antara konkresi dan nodula. Konkresi terbentuk dari presipitasi mineral di sekitar sejenis nukleus sedangkan nodula adalah tubuh yang tergantikan.

Deskripsi yang telah dilakukan semenjak abad ke-18 membuktikan bahwa konkresi telah menarik perhatian ilmuan sejak masa lalu. Hal itu disebabkan adanya variasi bentuk yang tidak biasa, ukuran dan komposisi, yang membuatnya sempat dikira telur dinosaurus, hewan, dan fosil tumbuhan, hingga puing antariksa atau artefak manusia.

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