Keuskupan Agung Clermont
Keuskupan Agung Clermont
Archidiocèse de Clermont
|Luas wilayah||8016 km2 (3095 sq mi)|
|Gereja sui iuris||Gereja Latin|
|Didirikan||Abad ke-3 (sebagai Keuskupan Clermont)|
8 Desember 2002 (sebagai Keuskupan Agung Clermont)
|Katedral||Katedral Bunda Kami di Clermont-Ferrand|
|Santo pelindung||Santo Austremonius dari Clermont|
|Kepemimpinan saat ini|
|Uskup Agung Metropolit||Hippolyte Simon|
|Uskup Sufragan||Keuskupan Le Puy-en-Velay|
Keuskupan Agung Clermont adalah keuskupan agung Katolik Roma di Prancis yang mengikuti Ritus Latin. Wilayah keuskupan agung ini mencakup Departemen Puy-de-Dôme di Region Auvergne. Keuskupan Agung Clermont berkedudukan di Katedral Clermont-Ferrand. Sebelumnya, Clermont berstatus sebagai keuskupan di bawah Keuskupan Agung Bourges. Pada tahun 2002, statusnya diangkat menjadi keuskupan agung. Uskup Agung Clermont saat ini (tahun 2016) adalah Hippolyte Louis Jean Simon, yang diangkat sebagai Uskup Clermont apda tahun 1996 dan Uskup Agung Clermont saat status Clermont dinaikan pada tahun 2002.
Sebelumnya keuskupan ini mencakup lebih banyak wilayah, tetapi pada tahun 1317 wilayah Haute-Auvergne menjadi bagian dari Keuskupan Saint-Flour yang baru didirikan, dan pada tahun 1822 wilayah Bourbonnais dilepas menjadi Keuskupan Moulins.
Uskup[sunting | sunting sumber]
Hingga 1000[sunting | sunting sumber]
- Saint Austremoine
- Urbicus (meninggal ca. 312 ?)
- Illidius († ca. 384)
- Nepotianus (meninggal 22 Oktober 388)
- Namatius (ca. 446–ca. 462)
- Eparchius (meninggal ca. 471)
- Sidonius Apollinaris (471–486)
- Euphrasius (meninggal ca. 515)
- Saint Quintian (Quintianus, Quintian) (c. 523)
- Gallus (ca. 525–551)
- Cautinus (c. 554–571)
- Avitus I. (571–594)
- Caesarius (attested 627)
- Saint Gallus II. (c. 650)
- Genesius (attested b656)
- Gyroindus (attested 660)
- Praejectus (Saint Priest, Prix) († 676)
- Avitus II (676–691)
- Stephanus I (761)
- Adebertus (785)
- Bernouin (c. 811)
- Stabilis (823?–860?)
- Sigo (c. 863)
- Egilmar (c. 878)
- Adalard (910)
- Arnold (ca. 912)
- Stephan II. (962–...)
- Begon (ca. 980–ca. 1010)
1000 hingga 1300[sunting | sunting sumber]
- Stephan III. (c. 1010–1014)
- Stephan IV. (1014–?)
- Rencon (1030–1053)
- Stephan V. de Polignac (c. 1053–1073)
- Guillaume de Chamalières (1073–1076)
- Durand (1077–1095)
- Guillaume de Baffie (1096)
- Pierre Roux (1105–1111)
- Aimeri (1111–1150)
- Stephan VI. de Mercœur (1151–1169)
- Pons (1170–1189)
- Gilbert (1190–1195)
- Robert D'Auvergne (1195–1227)
- Hughes de la Tour (1227–1249)
- Guy de la Tour (1250–1286)
- Aimar de Cros (1286–1297)
- Jean Aicelin (1298–1301)
1300 hingga 1500[sunting | sunting sumber]
- Pierre de Cros (1302–1304)
- Aubert Aicelin de Montaigu (1307–1328)
- Arnaud Roger de Comminges (1328–1336)
- Raymond D'Aspet (1336–1340)
- Étienne Aubert (1340–1352), later Pope Innocent VI.
- Pierre André (1342–1349)
- Pierre D'Aigrefeuille(1349–1357)
- Jean de Mello (1357–1376)
- Henri de La Tour (1376–1415)
- Martin Gouge de Charpaignes (1415–1444)
- Jacques de Comborn (1445–1474)
- Antoine Allemand (1475–1476)
- Charles I de Bourbon (1476–1488) (also Bishop of Lyon)
- Charles II de Bourbon (1489–1504)
1500 hingga 1800[sunting | sunting sumber]
- Jacques d'Amboise (1505–1516)
- Thomas Duprat (1517–1528)
- Guillaume Duprat (1529–1560)
- Bernardo Salviati (1561–1567)
- Antoine de Saint-Nectaire (1567–1584)
- François de La Rochefoucauld (1585–1609) (also Bishop of Senlis)
- Antoine Rose (1610–1614)
- Joachim d'Estaing (1615–1650)
- Louis d'Estaing (1650–1664)
- Gilbert de Veiny d'Arbouze, O.S.B.Clun. (1664–1682)
- François Bochart de Saron (1687–1715)
- Jean-Baptiste Massillon (1717–1742)
- François-Marie Le Maistre de La Garlaye (1743–1775)
- François de Bonnal (1776–1800)
From 1800[sunting | sunting sumber]
- Charles-Antoine-Henri Du Valk de Dampierre (1802–1833)
- Louis-Charles Féron (1833–1879)
- Jean-Pierre Boyer (1879–1892)
- Pierre-Marie Belmont (1893–1921)
- Jean-François-Etienne Marnas (1921–1932)
- Gabriel Piguet (1933–1952)
- Pierre-Abel-Louis Chappot de la Chanonie (1953–1974)
- Jean Louis Joseph Dardel (1974–1995)
- Hippolyte Louis Jean Simon (1996–2016)
- François Kalist (2016–kini)
Catatan kaki[sunting | sunting sumber]
- ^ Saint-Flour (Diocese) [Catholic-Hierarchy]
- ^ B. Gonod, Chronologie des évêques de Clermont, pp. 2-4. Gams, p. 537.
- ^ Gonod, Chronologie des évêques de Clermont, p. 4. Gams, p. 537.
- ^ also Legonus, Legontius. He is known from Gregory of Tours, Historia Francorum, Book I, chapter 39, as the successor of Urbicus. Gallia christiana II, p. 227. Gams, p. 537.
- ^ Illidius (Allyre): Gregory of Tours, Historia Francorum, Book I, chapter 40. Gallia christiana II, pp. 227-228. Gonod, Chronologie des évêques de Clermont, pp. 4-5.
- ^ Nepotianus: Gregory of Tours, Historia Francorum, Book I, chapter 41; de gloria confessorum 5. Gallia christiana II, p. 228-229. Gonod, Chronologie des évêques de Clermont, p. 5.
- ^ Artemius: Gregory of Tours, Historia Francorum, Book I, chapter 41. Gallia christiana II, p. 229. Gonod, Chronologie des évêques de Clermont, p. 5.
- ^ Venerandus: Gregory of Tours, Historia Francorum, Book II, chapter 13. de gloria confessorum 35. Gallia christiana II, p. 229. Gonod, Chronologie des évêques de Clermont, p. 5.
- ^ Rusticus: Gregory of Tours, Historia Francorum, Book II, chapter 13. Gallia christiana II, p. 229-230. Gonod, Chronologie des évêques de Clermont, pp. 5-6.
- ^ Namatius: Gregory of Tours, Historia Francorum, Book II, chapter 17; de gloria martyrum 44. Gallia christiana II, p. 230-231. Gonod, Chronologie des évêques de Clermont, p. 6.
- ^ Eparchius: Gregory of Tours, Historia Francorum, Book II, chapter 21. Gallia christiana II, p. 231. Gonod, Chronologie des évêques de Clermont, pp. 6-7.
- ^ Sidonius Apollinaris: Gallia christiana II, p. 231-234. Jill Harries (1994). Sidonius Apollinaris and the Fall of Rome, AD 407-485. Oxford: Clarendon Press. ISBN 978-0-19-814472-4. Johannes A. van Waarden, "Episcopal Self-Presentation: Sidonius Apollinaris and the Episcopal Election in Bourges A.D. 470," in: Johan Leemans; et al., ed. (2011). Episcopal Elections in Late Antiquity. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter. hlm. 555–561. ISBN 978-3-11-026855-3.
- ^ Abrunculus was Bishop of Langres, who came to Clermont shortly after the death of Sidonius Apollinaris, and was chosen to succeed him. Gregory of Tours, Historia Francorum Book II, chapter 23. Duchesne, p. 35, no. 12.
- ^ Bishop Gallus was not present at the Council of Orléans of 533, though he sent a delegate, or at the Council of Orléans of 538, to which he sent his representative. He was present in 535 at the Council of Clermont, presided over by Bishop Honoratus of Bourges; at the Council of Orléans of 541; and at the Council of Orléans of 549. C. De Clercq, Concilia Galliae, A. 511 – A. 695 (Turnholt: Brepols 1963), pp. 110-111; 130; 143; 158. Tardieu, p. 181.
- ^ Cautinus was a 'bad bishop', having been chosen by King Theodebert at Metz and consecrated by his bishops. When he appeared in Clermont, Cautinus was opposed by the priest Cato, who was the choice of the bishops who had come to bury Bishop Gallus. A schism resulted. Both Cautinus and Cato were killed by the plague of 571. Gregory of Tours, Historia Francorum Book IV, chapters 7-35. Tardieu, p. 181. Duchesne, p. 36 no. 17.
- ^ Praejectus was elected during the reign of Childeric II (663–675), who approved his election, and died on 25 January 676, massacred at Volvic (13 km north of Clermont) by the followers of Hector, Patrician of Marseille: Duchesne, p. 37-38 no. 25. Gonod (1833), pp. 15-16. Tardieu, pp. 182-183.
- ^ Bishop Avitus is said to have founded a monastery at Volvic, at the tomb of Bishop Praejectus. He ruled for fifteen years, and passed the diocese on to his brother Bonitus. Armand G. Mallay (1838). Essai sur les églises Romanes et Romano-Bysantines du département du Puy-de-Dôme (dalam bahasa French). Moulins: Desrosiers. hlm. 28–29. Tardieu, p. 183. Duchesne, p. 38 no. 26.
- ^ Bonitus had studied law, and became Referendary (judge) for King Sigebert III of Austrasia (ca. 634–ca. 660). He then served as Governor of Marseille for Thierry III, King of Neustria (673–691) and Austrasia (679–691). Bonitus became bishop of Auvergne on the death of his brother Avitus, in an election of questionable canonical validity, though he was confirmed by Pepin of Herstal (679–695). After ten years as bishop he retired to the monastery of Manglieu, later making a pilgrimage to Rome. He died at Lyon, where he had been resident for some four years, ca. 707. Gonod (1833), pp. 16-17. Tardieu, p. 183.
- ^ Bishop Bonitus had designated Nordebertus as his successor, and, at the request of the clergy and people he was confirmed by the King. Gonod (1833), p. 17. Tardieu, p. 183.
- ^ Bishop Stephanus was Bishop of Clermont when the city was taken by siege by Pepin the Short in 761. Gonod (1833), p. 18. Duchesne, p. 38 no. 30.
- ^ Sigo attended the Council of Soissons in August 866. Mansi, Tomus XV (Venice 1770), p. 731. Tardieu, p. 184. Duchesne, p. 39 no. 33.
- ^ Gilbert was the first Bishop of Auvergne to call himself Bishop of Clermont. R. Twigge, "Medieval Service Books of Aquitaine, IV. Clermont-Ferrand," Nicholas Patrick Wiseman, ed. (1897). The Dublin Review. Vo. CXXI. London: Burns and Oates. hlm. 355–377, at 356.
- ^ Bishop Robert d'Auvergne was transferred to the diocese of Lyon on 3 April 1227. Bishop Hugo was only a subdeacon and Provost when approved by Pope Gregory IX, and therefore he was named Administrator. Next year he was named Bishop. He died on 28 December 1249. Eubel, I, p. 192 with note 1.
- ^ Pierre André had been Canon of Paris and Bishop of Noyon (1340–1342) before his appointment to Clermont on 25 September 1342. His Vicar-General and official at Clermont was Guillaume de Grimoard, who became Pope Urban V. Bishop Pierre was transferred to the diocese of Cambrai on 17 February 1349. He died on 13 September 1368. Eubel, I, pp. 160, 192, 372.
- ^ Pierre was subsequently Bishop of Uzès (1357–1366). Eubel, I, p. 192 and 511.
- ^ Jean de Mello was previously Bishop of Châlons-sur-Saône (1353–1357). His transfer received papal approval on 8 February 1357. Eubel, I, p. 151, 192.
- ^ Jacques de Comborn was approved by Pope Eugene IV on 10 May 1445. He died on 15 February 1475. Eubel, II, p. 130.
- ^ Allemand had previously been Bishop of Cahors (1465–1475). He was approved as Bishop of Clermont on 8 March 1475. Eubel, II, pp. 123 and 130.
- ^ Bishop Charles de Bourbon died on 22 February 1504/5. Jacques d'Amboise was the brother of Cardinal Georges d'Amboise, Archbishop of Rouen. He was elected by the Chapter of Clermont on 15 March 1505, and his bulls were approved on 23 May 1505. He died on 27 December 1516, and was buried at Cluny, where he had also been the Abbot. Gallia christiana X, pp. 205-206. Eubel, III, p. 169 with note 4.
- ^ Bishop Thomas Duprat, a native of Issoire, was the brother of Antoine Duprat, Chancellor of France. He opened a new university at Issoire in the diocese of Clermont in 1519, but it was forced to close in 1520 because of pressure from the University of Paris and Charles, Duc de Bourbon. M.G. des Devises du Dezert, "L'enseignement secondaire et supérieur à Clermont-Ferrand," Association française pour l'avancement des sciences (1908). Clermont-Ferrand et le Puy-de-Dôme: Congres de l'Association française pour l'avancement des sciences, 1908 (dalam bahasa French). Société anonyme du "Moniteur du Puy-de-Dome" et des imprimeries G. Mont-Louis. hlm. 287. Duprat died at Modena in 1528, where he had been sent as Ambassador Extraordinary to conduct Renée of France, daughter of Louis XII, to her marriage to the Duke of Ferrara.
- ^ Guillaume Duprat was a nephew of Bishop Thomas Duprat and Cardinal Antoine Duprat, Chancellor of France. Stéphane Gomis (2006). Les "enfants prêtres" des paroisses d'Auvergne, XVIe-XVIIIe siècles (dalam bahasa French). Clermont-Ferrand: Presses Univ Blaise Pascal. hlm. 25–29. ISBN 978-2-84516-290-7.
- ^ A Doctor of theology (Paris), nephew of Bishop Guillaume Rose and an ardent member of the Catholic League, Rose had been Bishop of Senlis (1601-1610). Rose's bulls were granted on 1 March 1610. He died in January 1614. Gauchat, Hierarchia catholica IV, p. 153 with note 2; 316 with n. 2.
- ^ D' Estaing, the nephew of Cardinal de la Rochefoucauld, was approved by Pope Paul V on 12 January 1615. He died on 11 September 1650. Gallia christiana X, pp. 299-300.
- ^ Louis d'Estaing: Gallia christiana X, pp. 300-301. Joseph Bergin (1996). The Making of the French Episcopate, 1589-1661. New Haven CT USA: Yale University Press. hlm. 620. ISBN 978-0-300-06751-4.
- ^ D'Arbouze died on 19 April 1682. Gallia christiana X, pp. 301-302. Bernard Dompnier, "Clermont en 1665. Un diocese a l'ecart de la reforme Catholique?" Emmanuèle Lesne-Jaffro, ed. (2000). Fléchier et les Grands Jours d'Auvergne: actes d'une journée d'étude, Université Blaise Pascal-Clermont-Ferrand, 3 octobre 1997. Biblio, 17 (dalam bahasa French). Tübingen: Gunter Narr Verlag. hlm. 33–53. ISBN 978-3-8233-5534-2. Gonod (1833), 51-52. Jean, pp. 105-106. Gams, p. 538.
- ^ Bochart was born in Paris and was Bachelor in theology from the local university. He was nominated to the diocese of Clermont by King Louis XIV on 18 May 1687, and preconized (approved) by Pope Innocent XII on 10 March 1792. The delay in his bulls was caused by the excommunication of Louis XIV and his diplomatic rupture with Pope Innocent XI. Bochart was consecrated on 31 August 1692. He died on 11 August 1715. Gonod (1833), pp. 52-53. Ritzler, Hierarchia catholica V, p. 161 with note 3.
- ^ Massillon: Hugues Du Tems (1775). Le clergé de France, ou tableau historique et chronologique des archevêques, évêques, abbés, abbesses et chefs des chapitres principaux du royaume, depuis la fondation des églises jusqu'à nos jours, par M. l'abbé Hugues Du Tems. Tome troisième. Paris: Brunet. hlm. 150–151. Victor Lenoire, "L'inventaire fait après le décès de Massillon," Revue d'Auvergne (dalam bahasa French). 14. Clermont-Ferrand: G. Mont-Louis. 1897. hlm. 87–96. Ritzler, Hierarchia catholica V, p. 161 with note 4.
- ^ Le Maistre was born in the Château de la Garlaye (Nantes), and was Doctor in theology and Licenciate in Civil and Canon Law (Valence). He was Canon and a Vicar General of Lyon, as well as a royal Aumonier. He was nominated to the diocese of Clermont by King Louis XV on 30 October 1742, and preconized (approved) by Pope Benedict XIV on 28 January 1743. He died on 5 June 1776. Gonod (1833), p. 54. Jean, p. 108. Ritzler, Hierarchia catholica VI, p. 169 with note 2.
- ^ Bonnal was born at the Château de Bonnal in the diocese of Agen, and held a doctorate in theology (Besançon). He was named Abbot Commendatory of Saint-Ambroix (Bourges). He was Archdeacon Major, with a canonry and prebend, in the Church of Châlons-sur-Saône, and was a Vicar-General of the diocese. He was nominated by King Louis XVI on 23 June 1776, and preconized by Pope Pius VI on 16 September 1776. He refused to take the Oath to the Constitution, and emigrated. He was arrested by advancing French armies in Holland in 1795 and imprisoned at Altona. He died in exile in Munich on 3 September 1800 at the age of 66. Gonod (1833), pp. 54-59. Jean, p. 108. Ritzler, p. 169 with note 3.
- ^ Gonod, p. 58-59. In 1802 Périer was named to the diocese of Avignon.
- ^ Du Valk: Abbé Fouilhaux, in: Société bibliographique (France) (1907)., L'épiscopat français..., pp. 197-198.
- ^ Féron: Abbé Fouilhaux, in: Société bibliographique (France) (1907)., L'épiscopat français..., pp. 198-199.
- ^ Boyer was later Archbishop of Bourges (1893-1896). He was named a cardinal by Pope Leo XIII on 29 November 1895; he received the red hat and was named Cardinal Priest of Santissima Trinità dei Monti on June 25, 1896. He died in Bourges on December 16, 1896. Abbé Fouilhaux, in: Société bibliographique (France) (1907)., L'épiscopat français..., pp. 199-200.
- ^ Belmont: Abbé Fouilhaux, in: Société bibliographique (France) (1907)., L'épiscopat français..., p. 200.
Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]
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