James Weldon Johnson

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James Weldon Johnson
Jamesweldonjohnson.jpg
Photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1932
Lahir 17 Juni 1871
Jacksonville, Florida, United States
Meninggal 26 Juni 1938 (umur 67)
Wiscasset, Maine, United States
Pekerjaan Author, activist, educator, lawyer, diplomat
Kewarganegaraan American
Angkatan Harlem Renaissance
Karya terkenal "Lift Ev'ry Voice and Sing," The Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man, God's Trombones, Along This Way

James Weldon Johnson (lahir 17 Juni 1871 – meninggal 26 Juni 1938 pada umur 67 tahun) adalah penulis, guru, pengacara, diplomat, pencipta lagu, dan aktivis hak asasi manusia berkebangsaan Amerika Serikat. Johnson di kenal melalui kepemimpinannya di National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), yang dimulai tahun 1917. Pada tahun 1920 menjadi orang Amerika Serikat pertama yang terpilih sebagai sekretaris eksekutif organisasi itu, efektif sebagai pejabat[1] dari 1920 sampai 1930. Johnson memantapkan diri dalam reputasinya sebagai penulis, dan dikenal kiprahnya di Harlem Renaissance melalui puisi-puisi, novel, dan antologi puisi dan spiritual kebudayaan kulit hitam.

Dia dipilih oleh Presiden Theodore Roosevelt sebagai US konsul di Venezuela dan Nikaragua pada periode 1906 sampai dengan 1913. Tahun 1934 menjadi orang keturunan Afrika-America Serikat pertama yang menjadi profesor yang bertugas di Universitas New York.[2] Di akhir hidupnya, dia menjadi profesor bidang penulisan kratif dan sastra di Universitas Fisk.[1][3][4][5][6]

Warisan dan penghargaan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Bibliografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Puisi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Antologi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • The Book of Negro Spirituals (1925, editor), anthology
  • The Second Book of Negro Spirituals (1926, editor)
  • The Book of American Negro Poetry (1931, editor), anthology

Karya lain[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • The Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man (1912/1927, novel)
  • Black Manhattan (1930, study)
  • Negro Americans, What Now? (1934, essay)
  • Along This Way: The Autobiography of James Weldon Johnson (1933/37, autobiography)

Lihat pula[sunting | sunting sumber]

Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ a b The Norton Anthology of African American Literature. Ed. Henry Louis Gates Jr. and Nellie Y. McKay. 2nd ed. New York: Norton, 2004. 791–792.
  2. ^ "James Weldon Johnson", New York University .
  3. ^ "James Weldon Johnson", Harmon Collection, Smithsonian Institution .
  4. ^ James Weldon Johnson, 1871-1938, University of South Carolina .
  5. ^ The Oxford Companion to African American Literature, edited by William L. Andrews, Frances Smith Foster, Trudier Harris, New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997, p. 404 ff.
  6. ^ /_To_Start_Something_to_Help_These_People_African_American_Women_and_the_Occupation_of_Haiti_1915-1934?auto=download&campaign=weekly_digest Brandon Byrd, ""To Start Something to Help These People:" African American Women and the Occupation of Haiti, 1915-1934", The Journal of Haitian Studies, Volume 21 No. 2 © 2015, accessed 2 February 2016
  7. ^ James Weldon Johnson, The Literary Encyclopedia.
  8. ^ a b c d e "Chapter 9: James Weldon Johnson (1871-1938)", PAL: Perspectives in American Literature: A Research and Reference Guide, California State University Stanislaus .
  9. ^ James Weldon Johnson Institute, Emory University
  10. ^ Scott catalog # 2371.

Sumber[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Fleming, Robert E. James Weldon Johnson. Twayne United States Authors Series. Boston: Twayne, 1987.
  • Hester, Elizabeth J. "James Weldon Johnson: A Bibliography of * Johnson, James Weldon. Writings. Ed. William L. Andrews. The Library of America, 2004. ISBN 978-1-931082-52-5.
  • (Inggris) Kishimoto, Hisao. "The Eve of the Harlem Renaissance James Weldon Johnson (II)", (Archive) Souka University English Language Academic Journal (創価大学英文学会). Souka University. March 1988. Volume No. 12, Issue No. 2 (第12巻第2号). p. 1-16.
  • Levy, Eugene. James Weldon Johnson: Black Leader, Black Voice. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1973.
  • Morrissette, Noelle. James Weldon Johnson's Modern Soundscapes. Iowa City: University of Iowa Press, 2013.
  • Price, Kenneth M., and Lawrence J. Oliver. Critical Essays on James Weldon Johnson. New York: G. K. Hall, 1997.

Dissertations and Theses 1939–2009." ISBN 978-1-935779-00-1.

  • Manning, Patrick. The African Diaspora: A History Through Culture. New York: Columbia University Press, 2010.

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]