Hubungan Britania Raya dengan Prancis

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Hubungan Prancis-Britania Raya
Peta memperlihatkan lokasiUnited Kingdom and France

Britania Raya

Prancis
Peta yang meliputi teritorial seberang laut departemen dan teritorial seberang laut Prancis dan Britania
Perbatasan maritim antara dua negara, di Eropa, Caribbean, dan Samudera Pasifik.

Hubungan Britania Raya dengan Prancis adalah hubungan antara pemerintah Republik Prancis dan Kerajaan Bersatu Britania Raya dan Irlandia Utara (UK). Hubungan antara dua negara tersebut dalam sejarah bersifat panjang dan kompleks, yang meliputi penaklukan, peperangan, dan aliansi pada berbagai titik dalam sejarah. Pada era Romawi, kedua wilayah tersebut, kecuali Irlandia ditaklukan oleh Roma

Perbandingan negara[sunting | sunting sumber]

Bendera Prancis Prancis Bendera Britania Raya Britania Raya
Populasi 66,109,000 64,105,654
Wilayah 674,843  km2 (260,558 sq mi) 243,610  km2 (94,060 sq mi )
Kepadatan Penduduk 116/km2 (301/sq mi) 255.6/km2 (661.9/sq mi)
Zona waktu 12 9
Zona ekonomi eksklusif 11,035,000 km2 6,805,586 km2
Ibu kota Paris London
Kota Terbesar Paris – 2,234,105 (12,161,542 Metro) London – 8,174,100 (14,709,000 Metro)
Pemerintah Republik konstitusional semi-presidensial unitari Monarki konstitusional parlementer unitari
Bahasa resmi Prancis (de facto dan de jure) Inggris (de facto)
Agama utama 58% Kristen (lebih dari 50% Katolik, kurang dari 2% denominasi-denominasi Protestan), 33% non-Relijius, 5% Islam,
1% Yudaisme, 1% Buddha, 2% Lain-lain
59.4% Kristen (51% denominasi-denominasi Protestan, 8% Katolik), 25.7% Non-Relijius, 7.8% Tidak menjawab, 4.4% Islam,
1.3% Hindu, 0.7% Sikh, 0.4% Yudaisme, 0.4% Buddha (Sensus 2011)
Kelompok etnis 86% Prancis, 7% Eropa lainnya, 5% Afrika Utara, Lain-lain Afrika Sub-Sahara, Indochina, Asia, Amerika Latin dan Kepulauan Pasifik. 87% Orang Kulit Putih, 7% Asia Britania (2.3% India, 1.9% Pakistan, 0.7% Bangladesh, 0.7% Tionghoa, 1.4% Asia Lainnya) 3% Orang Kulit Hitam 2% Ras Campuran.
GDP (per kapita) $44,470 $46,906
GDP (nominal) $2.835 triliun $2.946 triliun
Populasi ekspatriat 306,281 Orang kelahiran Prancis yang tinggal di UK (sensus 2001)
137,000 (perkiraan 2011)[1]
400,000 Orang kelahiran Britania di Prancis (data 2013)[2]
Ekspeditur militer $61.2 miliar $72.9 miliar

Transportasi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Penerbangan[sunting | sunting sumber]

11,675,910 penumpang di 2008 melakukan perjalanan penerbangan antara Britania Raya dan Prancis.[3]

Referensi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Bacaan tambahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Acomb, Frances Dorothy. Anglophobia in France, 1763-1789: an essay in the history of constitutionalism and nationalism (Duke University Press, 1950)
  • Alexander, Martin S. and William J. Philpott. Anglo-French Defence Relations Between the Wars (2003), 1919-39 excerpt and text search
  • Andrews, Stuart. The British periodical press and the French Revolution, 1789-99 (Macmillan, 2000)
  • Baugh, Daniel A. The Global Seven Years' War, 1754-1763: Britain and France in a Great Power Contest (Longman, 2011)
  • Bell, P. M. H. France and Britain, 1900-1940: Entente and Estrangement (2nd ed. 2014).
  • Berthon, Simon. Allies at War: The Bitter Rivalry among Churchill, Roosevelt, and de Gaulle (2001). 356 pp.
  • Black, Jeremy. Natural and Necessary Enemies: Anglo-French Relations in the Eighteenth Century (1986)
  • Brunschwig, Henri. Anglophobia and French African Policy (Yale University Press, 1971).
  • Chassaigne, Philippe, and Michael Lawrence Dockrill, eds. Anglo-French Relations 1898-1998: From Fashoda to Jospin (Palgrave, 2002) online essays by scholars
  • Clark, Christopher. The sleepwalkers: how Europe went to war in 1914 (2012)
  • Clarke, Michael. "French and British security: mirror images in a globalized world." International Affairs 76.4 (2000): 725-740. Online
  • Crossley, Ceri, and Ian Small, eds. Studies in Anglo French Cultural Relations: Imagining France (1988)
  • Crouzet, François. Britain's Ascendant. Comparative Studies in Franco-British Economic History (Cambridge University Press, 1990).
  • Dickinson, Harry Thomas, ed. Britain and the French Revolution, 1789-1815 (1989)
  • Gibson, Robert. The Best of Enemies: Anglo-French Relations Since the Norman Conquest (2nd ed. 2011) major scholarly study excerpt and text search
  • Harvey, Robert, The War of Wars: The Great European Conflict 1793–1815 (Robinson, 2007).
  • Horne, Alistair, Friend or Foe: An Anglo-Saxon History of France (Weidenfield and Nicholson, 2005).
  • Jacobs, Wilbur R. Diplomacy and Indian gifts: Anglo-French rivalry along the Ohio and Northwest frontiers, 1748-1763 (1950)
  • Johnson, Douglas, et al. Britain and France: Ten Centuries (1980) table of contents
  • Keiger, J.F.V. France and the World since 1870 (2001)
  • Kolodziej, Edward A. French International Policy under de Gaulle and Pompidou: The Politics of Grandeur (1974) online edition
  • Langer, William. European Alliances and Alignments 1870-1890 (1950); advanced history
  • Langer, William. The Diplomacy of Imperialism 1890-1902 (1950); advanced history
  • MacMillan, Margaret, Peacemakers: Six Months that Changed the World (John Murray, 2003) on Versailles Conference of 1919
  • McLynn, Frank, 1759: The Year Britain Became Master of the World (Pimlico, 2005).
  • Newman, Gerald. "Anti-French Propaganda and British Liberal Nationalism in the Early Nineteenth Century: Suggestions Toward a General Interpretation." Victorian Studies (1975): 385-418. in JSTOR
  • Otte, T. G. "From “War-in-Sight” to Nearly War: Anglo–French Relations in the Age of High Imperialism, 1875–1898." Diplomacy and Statecraft (2006) 17#4 pp: 693-714.
  • Oye, Kenneth A. "The sterling-dollar-franc triangle: Monetary diplomacy 1929–1937." World Politics (1985) 38#1 pp: 173-199.
  • Parry, Jonathan P. "The impact of Napoleon III on British politics, 1851–1880." Transactions of the Royal Historical Society (Sixth Series) 11 (2001): 147-175; a study in distrust
  • Philpott, William James. Anglo-French Relations and Strategy on the Western Front 1914-18 (1996)
  • Pickles, Dorothy. The Uneasy Entente. French Foreign Policy and Franco-British Misunderstandings (1966)
  • Rich, Norman. Great Power Diplomacy: 1814-1914 (1991), comprehensive survey
  • Schmidt, H. D. "The Idea and Slogan of 'Perfidious Albion'" Journal of the History of Ideas (1953) pp: 604-616. in JSTOR; on French distrust of "Albion" (i.e. England)
  • Schroeder, Paul W. The Transformation of European Politics 1763-1848 (1994) 920pp; advanced history and analysis of major diplomacy online
  • Sharp, Alan et al. eds. Anglo-French Relations in the Twentieth Century: Rivalry and Cooperation (2000) excerpt and text search
  • Simms, Brendan, Three Victories and a Defeat: The Rise and Fall of the First British Empire (Penguin Books, 2008)
  • Taylor, A.J.P. The Struggle for Mastery in Europe 1848–1918 (1954) 638pp; advanced history and analysis of major diplomacy
  • Thomas, R. T. Britain and Vichy: The Dilemma of Anglo-French Relations, 1940-42 (1979)
  • Tombs, R. P. and I. Tombs, That Sweet Enemy: Britain and France, the History of a Love-Hate Relationship (Pimlico, 2007)
  • Torrent, Melanie. Diplomacy and Nation-Building in Africa: Franco-British Relations and Cameroon at the End of Empire (I.B. Tauris, distributed by Palgrave Macmillan; 2012) 409 pages;

Dalam bahasa Prancis[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Guiffan, Jean. Histoire de l'anglophobie en France: de Jeanne d'Arc à la vache folle (Terre de brume, 2004)
  • Nordmann, Claude. "Anglomanie et Anglophobie en France au XVIIIe siècle'." Revue du Nord 66 (1984) pp: 787-803.
  • Serodes, F. Anglophobie et politique de Fachoda à Mers el-Kebir (L Harmattan, 2010)

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Templat:Hubungan bilateral Prancis