Gush Emunim

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Gush Emunim (bahasa Ibrani: גּוּשׁ אֱמוּנִים ‎‎, Blok Kesetiaan) adalah gerakan aktivis sayap kanan[1] Yahudi Ortodoks[2] Israel yang berkomitmen untuk mendirikan pemukiman Yahudi di Tepi Barat, Jalur Gaza, dan Dataran Tinggi Golan.[3] Meskipun tidak secara resmi didirikan sebagai organisasi hingga tahun 1974 setelah Perang Yom Kippur, Gush Emunim muncul dari penaklukan Perang Enam Hari pada tahun 1967, mendorong pemukiman Yahudi di tanah tersebut berdasarkan keyakinan bahwa, menurut Taurat, Tuhan memberikannya kepada orang-orang Yahudi.[4] Sementara Gush Emunim tidak lagi ada secara resmi, sisa-sisa pengaruhnya tetap ada dalam politik dan masyarakat Israel.[5][6]

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  1. ^ Peri Kedem, Amos Bilu and Zila Cohen (Lizer) "Dogmatism, Ideology, and Right-Wing Radical Activity" In Political Psychology, Vol. 8, No. 1 (Mar., 1987), pp. 35-47 JSTOR 3790985
  2. ^ Ehud Sprinzak, 'From Messianic Pioneering to Vigilante Terrorism: The Case of the Gush Emunim Underground,' in David C. Rapoport(ed.),Inside Terrorist Organizations, Diarsipkan 2023-08-11 di Wayback Machine. Routledge 2013 pp. 194-215, p. 194.
  3. ^ Fundamentalism, Terrorism, and Democracy: The Case of the Gush Emunim Underground by Ehud Sprinzak, Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Last accessed: 9 August 2009.
  4. ^ Analyses of Gush Emunim have been carried out by David Newman. See: D. Newman, 'Gush Emunim', Encyclopaedia Judaica Decennial Yearbook, 1994, pp. 171-172. Keter Publishers; D. Newman, `Gush Emunim: Between Fundamentalism and Pragmatism', Jerusalem Quarterly, 39, 33-43, 1986: D. Newman, 'From "hitnachalut" to "hitnatkut": The Impact of Gush Emunim and the Settlement Movement on Israeli Society', Israel Studies, Vol 10 (3, 2005: See also T. Hermann & D Newman, `Extra Parliamentarism in Israel: A Comparative Study of Peace Now and Gush Emunim', Middle Eastern Studies, 28 (3), 509-530, 1992.
  5. ^ "The Ideological Resonance of Zionist Fundamentalism in Israeli Society" (PDF). Diarsipkan dari versi asli (PDF) tanggal March 16, 2012. Diakses tanggal 2013-02-28.  , Katherine Allen, Behavioral Sociology of Identity Conflict, Spring 2005
  6. ^ Encyclopaedia Judaica: Volume 8, p. 145

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