Gunung Kailash

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Mount Kailash
གངས་རིན་པོ་ཆེ
Kailash-Barkha.jpg
Gunung Kailash dari selatan
Titik tertinggi
Ketinggian6638 m (21778 ft)
Puncak1319 m (4327 ft)
Koordinat31°4′0″N 81°18′45″E / 31.06667°N 81.31250°E / 31.06667; 81.31250Koordinat: 31°4′0″N 81°18′45″E / 31.06667°N 81.31250°E / 31.06667; 81.31250
Geografi
NegaraTiongkok
PegununganPegunungan Gangdisê
Pendakian
Pendakian pertamaUnclimbed

Gunung Kailash (juga Kailasa; Kangrinboqê atau Gang Rinpoche; Tibet: གངས་རིན་པོ་ཆེ; Hanzi sederhana: 冈仁波齐峰; Hanzi tradisional: 岡仁波齊峰; bahasa Sanskerta: कैलास, IAST: Kailāsa), adalah sebuah puncak setinggi 6638 m (21778 ft) di Pegunungan Kailash (Pegunungan Gangdisê), yang membentuk bagian dari Transhimalaya di Prefektur Ngari, Wilayah Otonomi Tibet, Tiongkok.

Gunung tersebut berada di dekat Danau Manasarovar dan Danau Rakshastal, dekat dengan muara beberapa sungai Asia terpanjang: Indus, Sutlej, Brahmaputra, dan Karnali yang juga dikenal sebagai Ghaghara (sebuah anak sungai Gangga) di India. Gunung Kailash dianggap suci dalam empat agama: Hindu, Bon, Buddha, dan Jain.

Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Bacaan tambahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Albinia, Alice. (2008) Empires of the Indus: The Story of a River. First American Edition (2010) W. W. Norton & Company, New York. ISBN 978-0-393-33860-7.
  • Nomachi, Kazuyoshi. Tibet. Boston: Shambhala, 1997.
  • Thurman, Robert and Tad Wise, Circling the Sacred Mountain: A Spiritual Adventure Through the Himalayas. New York: Bantam, 1999. ISBN 0-553-37850-3 — Tells the story of a Western Buddhist making the trek around Mount Kailash.
  • Snelling, John. (1990). The Sacred Mountain: The Complete Guide to Tibet's Mount Kailas. 1st edition 1983. Revised and enlarged edition, including: Kailas-Manasarovar Travellers' Guide. Forwards by H.H. the Dalai Lama of Tibet and Christmas Humphreys. East-West Publications, London and The Hague. ISBN 0-85692-173-4.
  • (Elevation) Chinese Snow Map "Kangrinboqe", published by the Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology, Chinese Academy of Sciences.
  • Allen, Charles (1982) A Mountain in Tibet: The Search for Mount Kailas and the Sources of the Great Rivers of Asia. (London, André Deutsch).
  • Allen, Charles. (1999). The Search for Shangri-La: A Journey into Tibetan History. Little, Brown and Company. Reprint: Abacus, London. 2000. ISBN 0-349-11142-1.
  • "A Tibetan Guide for Pilgrimage to Ti-se (Mount Kailas) and mTsho Ma-pham (Lake Manasarovar)." Toni Huber and Tsepak Rigzin. In: Sacred Spaces and Powerful Places in Tibetan Culture: A Collection of Essays. (1999) Edited by Toni Huber, pp. 125–153. The Library of Tibetan Works and Archives, Dharamsala, H.P., India. ISBN 81-86470-22-0.
  • Stein, R. A. (1961). Les tribus anciennes des marches Sino-Tibétaines: légendes, classifications et histoire. Presses Universitaires de France, Paris. (In French)
  • Johnson, Russell, and Moran, Kerry. (1989). The Sacred Mountain of Tibet: On Pilgrimage to Kailas. Park Street Press, Rochester, Vermont. ISBN 0-89281-325-3.
  • Govinda, Lama Anagarika. (1966). The Way of the White Clouds: A Buddhist Pilgrim in Tibet. Shambhala Publications, Inc. Boulder, Colorado. Reprint with foreword by Peter Matthiessen: Shambhala Publications, Inc. Boston, Massachusetts. 1988. ISBN 0-87773-007-5
  • Thubron, Colin. (2011). "To a Mountain in Tibet." Chatto & Windus, London. ISBN 978-0-7011-8380-6

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]